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1944 United States presidential election in Texas

The 1944 United States presidential election in Texas took place on November 7, 1944, as part of the 1944 United States presidential election. State voters chose twenty-three[1] to represent the state in the Electoral College, which chose the president and vice president.

1944 United States presidential election in Texas

← 1940 November 7, 1944 1948 →
  1944 portrait of FDR (1)(small).jpg ThomasDewey.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Thomas Dewey Unpledged electors
Party Democratic Republican Texas Regulars
Home state New York New York Texas
Running mate Harry Truman John Bricker
Electoral vote 23 0 0
Popular vote 821,605 191,425 135,439
Percentage 71.4% 16.6% 11.8%

President before election

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

BackgroundEdit

As a former Confederate state, Texas had a history of Jim Crow laws, disfranchisement of its African-American and Mexican-American populations, and single-party Democratic rule outside local governments in a few Unionist German-American counties (chiefly Gillespie and Kendall) of Central Texas. Since 1930 no Republicans had served in either house of the Texas Legislature, and in his two 1930s landslides Franklin Delano Roosevelt had won over 87 percent of Texas’ ballots.

Texas’ rulers were highly critical of Roosevelt’s decision in 1940 to replace conservative Texan John Nance Garner with liberal Northerner Henry A. Wallace on the 1940 Democratic ticket.[2] However, this was insignificant compared to the shock they received when, in March of 1944, the landmark case of Smith v. Allwright ruled unconstitutional the white primaries upon which the politics of Texas and most other Southern states were based.[a] The result was that Texas’ oil and natural gas industries became powerfully opposed to the re-nomination of President Roosevelt,[3] and called for the reversal of New Deal policies alongside the “return of states’ rights” and “restoration of white supremacy”.[4]

At first these anti-New Deal Democrats attempted to take over the state Democratic organization, send anti-Roosevelt delegates to the national convention[5] and prevent the seating of Negro delegates to that convention.[6] When this failed and FDR loyalists maintained control of the state Democratic delegation,[2] the anti-New Deal groups formed the “Texas Regulars” led by Merritt Gibson, who would later join Strom Thurmond’s Dixiecrat movement.[6]

Although their electors were not pledged to any candidate, the Regulars were able to gain access to the ballot[7] in September.[8] Support from Governor Pappy O'Daniel, however, failed to obscure that the Regulars’ support was largely confined to affluent urban areas and a few traditional plantation districts, plus the fact that some of their support came from the state’s small traditional Republican Presidential vote.[9] Consequently, Texas again voted overwhelming for incumbent President Roosevelt and his new running mate, Missouri Senator Harry S. Truman. Washington County nonetheless gave the Regulars 52 percent of its ballots and thus became the first county in the nation to go for a third party since Bob La Follette in 1924 won over 16 percent of the national vote and over a sixth of the nation’s counties.[10]

ResultsEdit

1944 United States presidential election in Texas[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt (inc.) 821,605 71.42%
Republican Thomas Dewey 191,425 16.64%
Texas Regulars Unpledged electors 135,439 11.77%
Prohibition Claude Watson 1,017 0.09%
Socialist Norman Thomas 594 0.05%
America First Gerald Smith 251 0.02%
Total votes 1,150,331 100%

Results by countyEdit

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Thomas Edmund Dewey
Republican
Unpledged electors
Texas Regulars
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast[12]
County # % # % # % # % # % #
Anderson 4,342 79.32% 467 8.53% 660 12.06% 5 0.09% 3,682[b] 67.26% 5,474
Andrews 329 81.44% 48 11.88% 21 5.20% 6 1.49% 281 69.55% 404
Angelina 4,387 74.38% 1,001 16.97% 508 8.61% 2 0.03% 3,386 57.41% 5,898
Aransas 456 73.43% 150 24.15% 12 1.93% 3 0.48% 306 49.28% 621
Archer 1,674 79.83% 194 9.25% 227 10.82% 2 0.10% 1,447[b] 69.00% 2,097
Armstrong 623 77.88% 132 16.50% 44 5.50% 1 0.13% 491 61.38% 800
Atascosa 1,757 66.40% 685 25.89% 202 7.63% 2 0.08% 1,072 40.51% 2,646
Austin 1,316 41.33% 619 19.44% 1,248 39.20% 1 0.03% 68[b] 2.14% 3,184
Bailey 943 64.68% 358 24.55% 153 10.49% 4 0.27% 585 40.12% 1,458
Bandera 532 42.29% 634 50.40% 92 7.31% 0 0.00% -102 -8.11% 1,258
Bastrop 2,604 79.17% 385 11.71% 299 9.09% 1 0.03% 2,219 67.47% 3,289
Baylor 1,568 87.65% 102 5.70% 118 6.60% 1 0.06% 1,450[b] 81.05% 1,789
Bee 1,306 54.17% 848 35.17% 246 10.20% 11 0.46% 458 19.00% 2,411
Bell 6,960 77.72% 763 8.52% 1,216 13.58% 16 0.18% 5,744[b] 64.14% 8,955
Bexar 35,024 57.96% 23,588 39.04% 1,697 2.81% 118 0.20% 11,436 18.93% 60,427
Blanco 846 55.95% 533 35.25% 133 8.80% 0 0.00% 313 20.70% 1,512
Borden 237 76.95% 34 11.04% 36 11.69% 1 0.32% 201[b] 65.26% 308
Bosque 2,502 75.02% 504 15.11% 324 9.72% 5 0.15% 1,998 59.91% 3,335
Bowie 7,045 79.14% 790 8.87% 1,063 11.94% 4 0.04% 5,982[b] 67.20% 8,902
Brazoria 5,543 72.07% 850 11.05% 1,286 16.72% 12 0.16% 4,257[b] 55.35% 7,691
Brazos 3,358 76.75% 464 10.61% 548 12.53% 5 0.11% 2,810[b] 64.23% 4,375
Brewster 864 72.85% 237 19.98% 83 7.00% 2 0.17% 627 52.87% 1,186
Briscoe 615 74.28% 80 9.66% 131 15.82% 2 0.24% 484[b] 58.45% 828
Brooks 403 63.46% 142 22.36% 86 13.54% 4 0.63% 261 41.10% 635
Brown 2,426 68.45% 430 12.13% 675 19.05% 13 0.37% 1,751[b] 49.41% 3,544
Burleson 1,992 82.76% 158 6.56% 256 10.64% 1 0.04% 1,736[b] 72.12% 2,407
Burnet 1,697 80.35% 228 10.80% 183 8.66% 4 0.19% 1,469 69.55% 2,112
Caldwell 2,916 75.00% 704 18.11% 266 6.84% 2 0.05% 2,212 56.89% 3,888
Calhoun 732 68.22% 158 14.73% 176 16.40% 7 0.65% 556[b] 51.82% 1,073
Callahan 1,962 79.66% 224 9.09% 276 11.21% 1 0.04% 1,686[b] 68.45% 2,463
Cameron 5,998 50.63% 5,309 44.82% 510 4.31% 29 0.24% 689 5.82% 11,846
Camp 977 71.42% 180 13.16% 210 15.35% 1 0.07% 767[b] 56.07% 1,368
Carson 1,216 68.97% 446 25.30% 97 5.50% 4 0.23% 770 43.68% 1,763
Cass 2,866 76.59% 541 14.46% 331 8.85% 4 0.11% 2,325 62.13% 3,742
Castro 838 69.66% 222 18.45% 143 11.89% 0 0.00% 616 51.21% 1,203
Chambers 1,038 78.10% 179 13.47% 110 8.28% 2 0.15% 859 64.64% 1,329
Cherokee 3,918 76.14% 598 11.62% 620 12.05% 10 0.19% 3,298[b] 64.09% 5,146
Childress 2,295 82.05% 299 10.69% 199 7.11% 4 0.14% 1,996 71.36% 2,797
Clay 2,307 77.42% 311 10.44% 358 12.01% 4 0.13% 1,949[b] 65.40% 2,980
Cochran 716 71.60% 123 12.30% 157 15.70% 4 0.40% 559[b] 55.90% 1,000
Coke 824 85.92% 65 6.78% 69 7.19% 1 0.10% 755[b] 78.73% 959
Coleman 2,887 77.94% 498 13.44% 312 8.42% 7 0.19% 2,389 64.50% 3,704
Collin 6,574 78.79% 974 11.67% 784 9.40% 12 0.14% 5,600 67.11% 8,344
Collingsworth 1,725 79.79% 261 12.07% 168 7.77% 8 0.37% 1,464 67.72% 2,162
Colorado 1,517 48.97% 638 20.59% 931 30.05% 12 0.39% 586[b] 18.92% 3,098
Comal 787 26.33% 2,021 67.61% 178 5.96% 3 0.10% -1,234 -41.28% 2,989
Comanche 2,941 77.66% 356 9.40% 484 12.78% 6 0.16% 2,457[b] 64.88% 3,787
Concho 1,090 79.91% 151 11.07% 123 9.02% 0 0.00% 939 68.84% 1,364
Cooke 3,270 66.22% 919 18.61% 730 14.78% 19 0.38% 2,351 47.61% 4,938
Coryell 2,518 79.71% 413 13.07% 228 7.22% 0 0.00% 2,105 66.64% 3,159
Cottle 2,551 91.89% 130 4.68% 94 3.39% 1 0.04% 2,421 87.21% 2,776
Crane 552 86.38% 58 9.08% 25 3.91% 4 0.63% 494 77.31% 639
Crockett 323 65.65% 112 22.76% 57 11.59% 0 0.00% 211 42.89% 492
Crosby 1,691 79.50% 201 9.45% 230 10.81% 5 0.24% 1,461[b] 68.69% 2,127
Culberson 200 79.68% 17 6.77% 34 13.55% 0 0.00% 166[b] 66.14% 251
Dallam 1,118 69.44% 323 20.06% 167 10.37% 2 0.12% 795 49.38% 1,610
Dallas 60,909 64.77% 21,099 22.44% 11,781 12.53% 247 0.26% 39,810 42.33% 94,036
Dawson 2,149 74.83% 472 16.43% 244 8.50% 7 0.24% 1,677 58.39% 2,872
Deaf Smith 1,117 61.88% 508 28.14% 176 9.75% 4 0.22% 609 33.74% 1,805
Delta 1,706 85.86% 133 6.69% 148 7.45% 0 0.00% 1,558[b] 78.41% 1,987
Denton 5,584 78.54% 771 10.84% 739 10.39% 16 0.23% 4,813 67.69% 7,110
De Witt 1,884 45.00% 1,879 44.88% 419 10.01% 5 0.12% 5 0.12% 4,187
Dickens 1,617 86.06% 141 7.50% 117 6.23% 4 0.21% 1,476 78.55% 1,879
Dimmit 554 56.70% 328 33.57% 95 9.72% 0 0.00% 226 23.13% 977
Donley 1,170 74.90% 280 17.93% 108 6.91% 4 0.26% 890 56.98% 1,562
Duval 3,353 95.31% 136 3.87% 28 0.80% 1 0.03% 3,217 91.44% 3,518
Eastland 4,607 75.87% 643 10.59% 809 13.32% 13 0.21% 3,798[b] 62.55% 6,072
Ector 2,265 73.28% 432 13.98% 384 12.42% 10 0.32% 1,833 59.30% 3,091
Edwards 348 59.39% 187 31.91% 48 8.19% 3 0.51% 161 27.47% 586
Ellis 7,065 85.08% 666 8.02% 564 6.79% 9 0.11% 6,399 77.06% 8,304
El Paso 11,426 72.69% 2,072 13.18% 2,202 14.01% 18 0.11% 9,224[b] 58.68% 15,718
Erath 3,330 79.84% 411 9.85% 415 9.95% 15 0.36% 2,915[b] 69.89% 4,171
Falls 3,191 75.63% 377 8.94% 648 15.36% 3 0.07% 2,543[b] 60.27% 4,219
Fannin 5,984 83.54% 677 9.45% 496 6.92% 6 0.08% 5,307 74.09% 7,163
Fayette 3,156 52.34% 1,611 26.72% 1,251 20.75% 12 0.20% 1,545 25.62% 6,030
Fisher 2,041 87.52% 154 6.60% 135 5.79% 2 0.09% 1,887 80.92% 2,332
Floyd 1,756 71.73% 370 15.11% 320 13.07% 2 0.08% 1,386 56.62% 2,448
Foard 925 85.65% 84 7.78% 69 6.39% 2 0.19% 841 77.87% 1,080
Fort Bend 2,781 69.87% 442 11.11% 752 18.89% 5 0.13% 2,029[b] 50.98% 3,980
Franklin 1,336 83.45% 147 9.18% 110 6.87% 8 0.50% 1,189 74.27% 1,601
Freestone 2,427 80.31% 277 9.17% 312 10.32% 6 0.20% 2,115[b] 69.99% 3,022
Frio 951 69.47% 293 21.40% 124 9.06% 1 0.07% 658 48.06% 1,369
Gaines 1,173 79.74% 173 11.76% 118 8.02% 7 0.48% 1,000 67.98% 1,471
Galveston 11,748 77.94% 1,542 10.23% 1,757 11.66% 27 0.18% 9,991[b] 66.28% 15,074
Garza 842 72.65% 144 12.42% 169 14.58% 4 0.35% 673[b] 58.07% 1,159
Gillespie 333 9.32% 2,950 82.56% 287 8.03% 3 0.08% -2,617 -73.24% 3,573
Glasscock 185 68.77% 34 12.64% 48 17.84% 2 0.74% 137[b] 50.93% 269
Goliad 641 47.55% 609 45.18% 95 7.05% 3 0.22% 32 2.37% 1,348
Gonzales 2,804 70.33% 841 21.09% 338 8.48% 4 0.10% 1,963 49.24% 3,987
Gray 3,067 61.48% 1,739 34.86% 172 3.45% 11 0.22% 1,328 26.62% 4,989
Grayson 11,636 82.70% 1,372 9.75% 1,044 7.42% 18 0.13% 10,264 72.95% 14,070
Gregg 6,401 70.52% 1,412 15.56% 1,249 13.76% 15 0.17% 4,989 54.96% 9,077
Grimes 1,559 79.14% 137 6.95% 274 13.91% 0 0.00% 1,285[b] 65.23% 1,970
Guadalupe 1,583 36.45% 2,556 58.85% 200 4.61% 4 0.09% -973 -22.40% 4,343
Hale 3,066 70.02% 712 16.26% 594 13.56% 7 0.16% 2,354 53.76% 4,379
Hall 1,812 85.96% 164 7.78% 126 5.98% 6 0.28% 1,648 78.18% 2,108
Hamilton 1,790 71.63% 344 13.77% 363 14.53% 2 0.08% 1,427[b] 57.10% 2,499
Hansford 590 70.07% 203 24.11% 49 5.82% 0 0.00% 387 45.96% 842
Hardeman 1,756 80.81% 223 10.26% 192 8.84% 2 0.09% 1,533 70.55% 2,173
Hardin 2,632 84.20% 243 7.77% 234 7.49% 17 0.54% 2,389 76.42% 3,126
Harris 71,077 68.27% 11,843 11.37% 21,095 20.26% 104 0.10% 49,982[b] 48.00% 104,119
Harrison 3,588 71.63% 619 12.36% 782 15.61% 20 0.40% 2,806[b] 56.02% 5,009
Hartley 484 93.08% 26 5.00% 10 1.92% 0 0.00% 458 88.08% 520
Haskell 2,573 83.46% 261 8.47% 249 8.08% 0 0.00% 2,312 74.99% 3,083
Hays 1,690 69.60% 495 20.39% 241 9.93% 2 0.08% 1,195 49.22% 2,428
Hemphill 792 69.29% 274 23.97% 70 6.12% 7 0.61% 518 45.32% 1,143
Henderson 3,219 76.28% 427 10.12% 566 13.41% 8 0.19% 2,653[b] 62.87% 4,220
Hidalgo 7,250 59.26% 4,080 33.35% 865 7.07% 39 0.32% 3,170 25.91% 12,234
Hill 4,876 81.48% 516 8.62% 582 9.73% 10 0.17% 4,294[b] 71.76% 5,984
Hockley 2,641 78.44% 319 9.47% 400 11.88% 7 0.21% 2,241[b] 66.56% 3,367
Hood 1,203 81.73% 146 9.92% 120 8.15% 3 0.20% 1,057 71.81% 1,472
Hopkins 3,981 81.64% 533 10.93% 348 7.14% 14 0.29% 3,448 70.71% 4,876
Houston 2,329 74.03% 233 7.41% 584 18.56% 0 0.00% 1,745[b] 55.47% 3,146
Howard 3,588 82.79% 334 7.71% 404 9.32% 8 0.18% 3,184[b] 73.47% 4,334
Hudspeth 333 84.09% 35 8.84% 28 7.07% 0 0.00% 298 75.25% 396
Hunt 6,200 77.14% 714 8.88% 1,105 13.75% 18 0.22% 5,095[b] 63.39% 8,037
Hutchinson 2,760 72.14% 864 22.58% 196 5.12% 6 0.16% 1,896 49.56% 3,826
Irion 363 80.13% 54 11.92% 35 7.73% 1 0.22% 309 68.21% 453
Jack 1,484 75.52% 217 11.04% 264 13.44% 0 0.00% 1,220[b] 62.09% 1,965
Jackson 1,708 74.39% 344 14.98% 244 10.63% 0 0.00% 1,364 59.41% 2,296
Jasper 1,850 76.23% 341 14.05% 235 9.68% 1 0.04% 1,509 62.18% 2,427
Jeff Davis 331 79.38% 51 12.23% 35 8.39% 0 0.00% 280 67.15% 417
Jefferson 22,066 75.88% 4,525 15.56% 2,445 8.41% 44 0.15% 17,541 60.32% 29,080
Jim Hogg 620 86.96% 77 10.80% 16 2.24% 0 0.00% 543 76.16% 713
Jim Wells 1,908 59.79% 1,113 34.88% 167 5.23% 3 0.09% 795 24.91% 3,191
Johnson 4,757 80.68% 546 9.26% 582 9.87% 11 0.19% 4,175[b] 70.81% 5,896
Jones 3,417 83.00% 361 8.77% 336 8.16% 3 0.07% 3,056 74.23% 4,117
Karnes 1,920 67.23% 692 24.23% 241 8.44% 3 0.11% 1,228 43.00% 2,856
Kaufman 4,251 82.77% 430 8.37% 441 8.59% 14 0.27% 3,810[b] 74.18% 5,136
Kendall 309 17.54% 1,337 75.88% 114 6.47% 2 0.11% -1,028 -58.34% 1,762
Kenedy 16 19.51% 60 73.17% 5 6.10% 1 1.22% -44 -53.66% 82
Kent 572 86.93% 31 4.71% 55 8.36% 0 0.00% 517[b] 78.57% 658
Kerr 1,377 46.79% 1,358 46.14% 204 6.93% 4 0.14% 19 0.65% 2,943
Kimble 880 70.57% 225 18.04% 142 11.39% 0 0.00% 655 52.53% 1,247
King 228 89.06% 13 5.08% 15 5.86% 0 0.00% 213[b] 83.20% 256
Kinney 401 66.61% 200 33.22% 1 0.17% 0 0.00% 201 33.39% 602
Kleberg 1,473 75.27% 421 21.51% 59 3.01% 4 0.20% 1,052 53.76% 1,957
Knox 1,785 83.33% 156 7.28% 199 9.29% 2 0.09% 1,586[b] 74.04% 2,142
Lamar 6,283 81.10% 725 9.36% 732 9.45% 7 0.09% 5,551[b] 71.65% 7,747
Lamb 2,407 69.89% 616 17.89% 415 12.05% 6 0.17% 1,791 52.00% 3,444
Lampasas 1,693 81.95% 212 10.26% 160 7.74% 1 0.05% 1,481 71.68% 2,066
La Salle 692 80.47% 127 14.77% 41 4.77% 0 0.00% 565 65.70% 860
Lavaca 3,406 68.74% 960 19.37% 580 11.71% 9 0.18% 2,446 49.36% 4,955
Lee 953 43.40% 771 35.11% 463 21.08% 9 0.41% 182 8.29% 2,196
Leon 1,569 82.67% 140 7.38% 189 9.96% 0 0.00% 1,380[b] 72.71% 1,898
Liberty 2,561 74.12% 336 9.73% 551 15.95% 7 0.20% 2,010[b] 58.18% 3,455
Limestone 4,299 84.99% 239 4.73% 514 10.16% 6 0.12% 3,785[b] 74.83% 5,058
Lipscomb 551 53.39% 396 38.37% 76 7.36% 9 0.87% 155 15.02% 1,032
Live Oak 642 45.69% 548 39.00% 212 15.09% 3 0.21% 94 6.69% 1,405
Llano 1,199 77.96% 198 12.87% 140 9.10% 1 0.07% 1,001 65.08% 1,538
Loving 60 71.43% 18 21.43% 6 7.14% 0 0.00% 42 50.00% 84
Lubbock 7,654 70.50% 1,169 10.77% 2,021 18.62% 12 0.11% 5,633[b] 51.89% 10,856
Lynn 1,968 78.94% 263 10.55% 256 10.27% 6 0.24% 1,705 68.39% 2,493
McCulloch 2,088 74.47% 463 16.51% 251 8.95% 2 0.07% 1,625 57.95% 2,804
McLennan 15,336 82.31% 1,668 8.95% 1,591 8.54% 36 0.19% 13,668 73.36% 18,631
McMullen 223 59.47% 106 28.27% 45 12.00% 1 0.27% 117 31.20% 375
Madison 1,115 85.31% 65 4.97% 125 9.56% 2 0.15% 990[b] 75.75% 1,307
Marion 1,057 76.54% 219 15.86% 104 7.53% 1 0.07% 838 60.68% 1,381
Martin 758 76.88% 131 13.29% 97 9.84% 0 0.00% 627 63.59% 986
Mason 822 54.95% 420 28.07% 248 16.58% 6 0.40% 402 26.87% 1,496
Matagorda 1,854 60.45% 412 13.43% 798 26.02% 3 0.10% 1,056[b] 34.43% 3,067
Maverick 787 70.14% 302 26.92% 30 2.67% 3 0.27% 485 43.23% 1,122
Medina 1,469 43.35% 1,607 47.42% 311 9.18% 2 0.06% -138 -4.07% 3,389
Menard 776 69.16% 96 8.56% 250 22.28% 0 0.00% 526[b] 46.88% 1,122
Midland 1,688 57.63% 302 10.31% 938 32.02% 1 0.03% 750[b] 25.61% 2,929
Milam 3,537 71.11% 623 12.53% 803 16.14% 11 0.22% 2,734[b] 54.97% 4,974
Mills 1,428 78.59% 172 9.47% 216 11.89% 1 0.06% 1,212[b] 66.70% 1,817
Mitchell 2,215 86.09% 218 8.47% 138 5.36% 2 0.08% 1,997 77.61% 2,573
Montague 2,900 78.17% 429 11.56% 375 10.11% 6 0.16% 2,471 66.60% 3,710
Montgomery 2,902 80.17% 219 6.05% 493 13.62% 6 0.17% 2,409[b] 66.55% 3,620
Moore 999 71.66% 313 22.45% 80 5.74% 2 0.14% 686 49.21% 1,394
Morris 1,269 85.98% 122 8.27% 85 5.76% 0 0.00% 1,147 77.71% 1,476
Motley 744 79.57% 107 11.44% 79 8.45% 5 0.53% 637 68.13% 935
Nacogdoches 3,226 77.14% 319 7.63% 619 14.80% 18 0.43% 2,607[b] 62.34% 4,182
Navarro 6,298 85.10% 449 6.07% 639 8.63% 15 0.20% 5,659[b] 76.46% 7,401
Newton 910 74.35% 187 15.28% 124 10.13% 3 0.25% 723 59.07% 1,224
Nolan 3,071 81.96% 322 8.59% 349 9.31% 5 0.13% 2,722[b] 72.64% 3,747
Nueces 11,091 70.32% 3,819 24.21% 835 5.29% 28 0.18% 7,272 46.10% 15,773
Ochiltree 863 65.93% 307 23.45% 136 10.39% 3 0.23% 556 42.48% 1,309
Oldham 277 67.73% 93 22.74% 36 8.80% 3 0.73% 184 44.99% 409
Orange 4,500 77.05% 910 15.58% 421 7.21% 9 0.15% 3,590 61.47% 5,840
Palo Pinto 3,291 79.76% 416 10.08% 410 9.94% 9 0.22% 2,875 69.68% 4,126
Panola 2,106 84.17% 221 8.83% 164 6.55% 11 0.44% 1,885 75.34% 2,502
Parker 3,503 76.90% 559 12.27% 476 10.45% 17 0.37% 2,944 64.63% 4,555
Parmer 810 58.53% 415 29.99% 157 11.34% 2 0.14% 395 28.54% 1,384
Pecos 1,226 74.17% 305 18.45% 120 7.26% 2 0.12% 921 55.72% 1,653
Polk 1,817 80.61% 154 6.83% 280 12.42% 3 0.13% 1,537[b] 68.19% 2,254
Potter 6,519 64.65% 2,759 27.36% 783 7.76% 23 0.23% 3,760 37.29% 10,084
Presidio 648 63.28% 211 20.61% 165 16.11% 0 0.00% 437 42.68% 1,024
Rains 628 68.56% 137 14.96% 149 16.27% 2 0.22% 479[b] 52.29% 916
Randall 1,439 68.04% 409 19.34% 263 12.43% 4 0.19% 1,030 48.70% 2,115
Reagan 426 81.92% 53 10.19% 40 7.69% 1 0.19% 373 71.73% 520
Real 326 59.38% 163 29.69% 59 10.75% 1 0.18% 163 29.69% 549
Red River 2,991 78.24% 466 12.19% 361 9.44% 5 0.13% 2,525 66.05% 3,823
Reeves 1,157 76.62% 201 13.31% 149 9.87% 3 0.20% 956 63.31% 1,510
Refugio 991 67.51% 376 25.61% 96 6.54% 5 0.34% 615 41.89% 1,468
Roberts 289 69.14% 89 21.29% 37 8.85% 3 0.72% 200 47.85% 418
Robertson 2,681 88.13% 126 4.14% 231 7.59% 4 0.13% 2,450[b] 80.54% 3,042
Rockwall 1,153 84.90% 98 7.22% 98 7.22% 9 0.66% 1,055 77.69% 1,358
Runnels 2,657 70.16% 685 18.09% 438 11.57% 7 0.18% 1,972 52.07% 3,787
Rusk 5,232 76.45% 637 9.31% 973 14.22% 2 0.03% 4,259[b] 62.23% 6,844
Sabine 1,169 80.68% 203 14.01% 75 5.18% 2 0.14% 966 66.67% 1,449
San Augustine 1,176 92.02% 102 7.98% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,074 84.04% 1,278
San Jacinto 522 72.50% 53 7.36% 145 20.14% 0 0.00% 377[b] 52.36% 720
San Patricio 2,712 70.61% 878 22.86% 242 6.30% 9 0.23% 1,834 47.75% 3,841
San Saba 2,109 88.13% 177 7.40% 104 4.35% 3 0.13% 1,932 80.74% 2,393
Schleicher 520 74.82% 84 12.09% 89 12.81% 2 0.29% 431[b] 62.01% 695
Scurry 1,761 80.93% 285 13.10% 130 5.97% 0 0.00% 1,476 67.83% 2,176
Shackelford 1,007 75.21% 135 10.08% 194 14.49% 3 0.22% 813[b] 60.72% 1,339
Shelby 2,927 82.13% 428 12.01% 205 5.75% 4 0.11% 2,499 70.12% 3,564
Sherman 454 77.74% 97 16.61% 32 5.48% 1 0.17% 357 61.13% 584
Smith 6,671 69.94% 936 9.81% 1,921 20.14% 10 0.10% 4,750[b] 49.80% 9,538
Somervell 406 65.38% 87 14.01% 127 20.45% 1 0.16% 279[b] 44.93% 621
Starr 1,312 94.05% 68 4.87% 15 1.08% 0 0.00% 1,244 89.18% 1,395
Stephens 2,104 75.04% 217 7.74% 479 17.08% 4 0.14% 1,625[b] 57.95% 2,804
Sterling 330 92.18% 18 5.03% 10 2.79% 0 0.00% 312 87.15% 358
Stonewall 902 83.52% 89 8.24% 89 8.24% 0 0.00% 813 75.28% 1,080
Sutton 449 70.60% 118 18.55% 69 10.85% 0 0.00% 331 52.04% 636
Swisher 1,275 70.09% 331 18.20% 208 11.43% 5 0.27% 944 51.90% 1,819
Tarrant 36,791 72.05% 4,113 8.05% 10,161 19.90% 0 0.00% 26,630[b] 52.15% 51,065
Taylor 7,975 81.86% 602 6.18% 1,149 11.79% 16 0.16% 6,826[b] 70.07% 9,742
Terrell 329 65.28% 156 30.95% 17 3.37% 2 0.40% 173 34.33% 504
Terry 2,304 82.88% 273 9.82% 203 7.30% 0 0.00% 2,031 73.06% 2,780
Throckmorton 970 81.93% 76 6.42% 135 11.40% 3 0.25% 835[b] 70.52% 1,184
Titus 2,612 84.07% 265 8.53% 226 7.27% 4 0.13% 2,347 75.54% 3,107
Tom Green 6,272 75.51% 1,125 13.54% 891 10.73% 18 0.22% 5,147 61.97% 8,306
Travis 14,384 74.80% 2,324 12.09% 2,496 12.98% 26 0.14% 11,888[b] 61.82% 19,230
Trinity 1,132 73.13% 127 8.20% 287 18.54% 2 0.13% 845[b] 54.59% 1,548
Tyler 1,037 72.98% 219 15.41% 162 11.40% 3 0.21% 818 57.57% 1,421
Upshur 2,369 70.32% 446 13.24% 548 16.27% 6 0.18% 1,821[b] 54.05% 3,369
Upton 742 81.09% 105 11.48% 66 7.21% 2 0.22% 637 69.62% 915
Uvalde 1,322 56.11% 856 36.33% 166 7.05% 12 0.51% 466 19.78% 2,356
Val Verde 1,210 60.96% 676 34.06% 98 4.94% 1 0.05% 534 26.90% 1,985
Van Zandt 3,139 74.65% 503 11.96% 540 12.84% 23 0.55% 2,599[b] 61.81% 4,205
Victoria 2,331 63.27% 936 25.41% 415 11.26% 2 0.05% 1,395 37.87% 3,684
Walker 1,638 80.41% 145 7.12% 254 12.47% 0 0.00% 1,384[b] 67.94% 2,037
Waller 1,007 70.13% 190 13.23% 234 16.30% 5 0.35% 773[b] 53.83% 1,436
Ward 1,448 79.60% 268 14.73% 97 5.33% 6 0.33% 1,180 64.87% 1,819
Washington 1,387 34.46% 534 13.27% 2,101 52.20% 3 0.07% -714[b] -17.74% 4,025
Webb 4,742 85.12% 776 13.93% 47 0.84% 6 0.11% 3,966 71.19% 5,571
Wharton 3,754 74.45% 529 10.49% 754 14.95% 5 0.10% 3,000[b] 59.50% 5,042
Wheeler 1,869 71.47% 511 19.54% 228 8.72% 7 0.27% 1,358 51.93% 2,615
Wichita 11,392 77.94% 1,597 10.93% 1,609 11.01% 18 0.12% 9,783[b] 66.93% 14,616
Wilbarger 3,382 76.53% 517 11.70% 513 11.61% 7 0.16% 2,865 64.83% 4,419
Willacy 846 48.70% 754 43.41% 133 7.66% 4 0.23% 92 5.30% 1,737
Williamson 5,284 71.11% 1,239 16.67% 885 11.91% 23 0.31% 4,045 54.43% 7,431
Wilson 2,666 75.46% 676 19.13% 185 5.24% 6 0.17% 1,990 56.33% 3,533
Winkler 1,004 84.16% 120 10.06% 68 5.70% 1 0.08% 884 74.10% 1,193
Wise 3,114 78.26% 444 11.16% 413 10.38% 8 0.20% 2,670 67.10% 3,979
Wood 3,045 75.35% 485 12.00% 503 12.45% 8 0.20% 2,542[b] 62.91% 4,041
Yoakum 646 77.00% 106 12.63% 86 10.25% 1 0.12% 540 64.36% 839
Young 3,183 77.37% 327 7.95% 596 14.49% 8 0.19% 2,587[b] 62.88% 4,114
Zapata 501 91.59% 43 7.86% 3 0.55% 0 0.00% 458 83.73% 547
Zavala 696 61.65% 342 30.29% 90 7.97% 1 0.09% 354 31.36% 1,129
Totals 821,605 71.42% 191,423 16.64% 135,411 11.77% 1,896 0.16% 630,182 54.78% 1,150,335

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Oklahoma, Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia lacked statewide white primaries due to the presence of viable Republican opposition in the northwestern Plains or Appalachia, although many Black Belt counties in these states did use white primaries (Fayette County, Tennessee was to conduct white primaries as late as 1959, fifteen years after Smith v. Allright).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj In this county where the unpledged “Texas Regulars” ran second ahead of Dewey, margin given is Roosevelt vote minus Texas Regulars vote and percentage margin Roosevelt percentage minus Texas Regulars percentage.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1944 Election for the Fortieth Term (1945-1949)". Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  2. ^ a b Campbell, Randolph B.; Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State, p. 406 ISBN 0190642394
  3. ^ McArthur, Judith N. and Smith, Harold L.; Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics, p. 168 ISBN 9780195304862
  4. ^ Cunningham, Sean; Cowboy Conservatism: Texas and the Rise of the Modern Right, pp. 25-26
  5. ^ Calvert, Robert A.; The History of Texas, p. 334 ISBN 1118617738
  6. ^ a b Walton, Hanes; Ford, Pearl K. and Allen, Josephine; Remaking the Democratic Party: Lyndon B. Johnson as a Native-Son Presidential Candidate, p. 48 ISBN 9780472119943
  7. ^ Jones, Eugene W. (1977); Practicing Texas Politics, p. 118
  8. ^ ‘Texas Regulars File Democratic Electors’; New York Times, September 26, 1944, p. 14
  9. ^ Heard, Alexander (1952); A Two-Party South?, p. 260
  10. ^ "The American Presidency Project - Election of 1944". Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  11. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1944 Presidential General Election Results – Texas
  12. ^ Géoelections; 1944 Presidential Election Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15)