1984 United States presidential election in New Mexico

The 1984 United States presidential election in New Mexico took place on November 6, 1984. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. New Mexico voters chose five electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1984

← 1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
  Ronald Reagan presidential portrait crop.jpg Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 5 0
Popular vote 307,101 201,769
Percentage 59.70% 39.23%

NM1984.jpg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

New Mexico was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

Partisan backgroundEdit

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for New Mexico, with more than 98 percent of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties.[1] In typical form for the time, the highly populated counties of Bernalillo and Los Alamos turned out mainly Republican. Meanwhile, the ongoing Democratic stronghold in the Northern part of the state, inclusive of Santa Fe County and Rio Arriba County, is evident during this election.

New Mexico weighed in for this election as 1% more Republican than the national average. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Guadalupe County and recently created Cibola County voted for a Republican presidential candidate.[2]

Democratic platformEdit

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious[3] Democratic primary. During the campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union,[4] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for what he charged was his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand.[5]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again,"[6] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican platformEdit

 
Reagan challenging Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.

By 1984, Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability.[7]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy,[8] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts.[9] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending,[10] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor,[11] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year.[8] Collectively called "Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

Some of these new policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[12]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his "war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession.[13] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism,[14] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Republican victoryEdit

Reagan won the election in New Mexico with a resounding 20 point sweep-out landslide. The election results in New Mexico are reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution."[7] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election. No Republican candidate has received as strong of support in the American West at large, as Reagan did.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[5] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this claim to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election, both in New Mexico, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan (Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class."[14] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan's 1984 landslide victory, in New Mexico and elsewhere.

ResultsEdit

United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 307,101 59.70% 5
Democratic Walter Mondale 201,769 39.23% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 4,459 0.87% 0
Citizen's Party Sonia Johnson 455 0.09% 0
Socialist Workers Party Melvin Mason 224 0.07% 0
Prohibition Earl Dodge 206 0.04% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 155 0.03% 0
Write-Ins 1 >0.01% 0
Totals 514,370 100.0% 5

Results by countyEdit

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Frederick Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin
County % # % # % # % #
Lincoln 77.04% 3,992 21.88% 1,134 1.08% 56 55.15% 2,858
Lea 75.26% 14,569 23.55% 4,558 1.19% 230 51.72% 10,011
Union 74.44% 1,503 24.17% 488 1.39% 28 50.27% 1,015
Curry 74.01% 9,188 25.03% 3,108 0.96% 119 48.97% 6,080
Chaves 73.37% 15,248 25.66% 5,332 0.97% 202 47.71% 9,916
Roosevelt 72.26% 4,598 26.65% 1,696 1.08% 69 45.61% 2,902
Los Alamos 69.60% 6,882 28.91% 2,859 1.49% 147 40.69% 4,023
Otero 69.22% 9,751 29.58% 4,167 1.20% 169 39.64% 5,584
Catron 68.55% 970 29.54% 418 1.91% 27 39.01% 552
San Juan 66.97% 18,690 32.11% 8,963 0.92% 257 34.85% 9,727
Quay 66.82% 2,842 32.17% 1,368 1.01% 43 34.66% 1,474
Sierra 66.00% 2,663 33.09% 1,335 0.92% 37 32.91% 1,328
De Baca 65.23% 756 33.30% 386 1.47% 17 31.92% 370
Torrance 64.02% 2,326 35.07% 1,274 0.91% 33 28.96% 1,052
Harding 63.55% 401 35.50% 224 0.95% 6 28.05% 177
Luna 61.17% 4,145 37.74% 2,557 1.09% 74 23.44% 1,588
Eddy 60.99% 11,810 38.03% 7,364 0.99% 191 22.96% 4,446
Doña Ana 60.87% 22,153 38.13% 13,878 0.99% 362 22.74% 8,275
Valencia 60.32% 8,474 38.39% 5,393 1.30% 182 21.93% 3,081
Bernalillo 60.08% 104,694 38.90% 67,789 1.02% 1,779 21.18% 36,905
Hidalgo 59.32% 1,282 39.80% 860 0.88% 19 19.53% 422
Socorro 56.27% 3,403 42.01% 2,541 1.72% 104 14.25% 862
Sandoval 55.43% 9,005 43.58% 7,080 0.99% 161 11.85% 1,925
Colfax 54.59% 2,994 44.39% 2,435 1.02% 56 10.19% 559
Cibola 53.09% 3,578 46.59% 3,140 0.33% 22 6.50% 438
Guadalupe 50.36% 990 48.12% 946 1.53% 30 2.24% 44
Santa Fe 45.98% 15,886 52.85% 18,262 1.17% 404 -6.88% -2,376
Grant 45.93% 4,979 53.09% 5,755 0.98% 106 -7.16% -776
McKinley 44.78% 6,557 54.05% 7,915 1.17% 171 -9.27% -1,358
Mora 44.47% 1,017 54.00% 1,235 1.53% 35 -9.53% -218
Taos 44.04% 4,154 54.54% 5,144 1.42% 134 -10.50% -990
San Miguel 39.38% 3,485 59.06% 5,227 1.56% 138 -19.68% -1,742
Rio Arriba 36.93% 4,116 62.25% 6,938 0.83% 92 -25.32% -2,822

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results – New Mexico". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  2. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  4. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  5. ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  6. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913–2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  9. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  10. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine, 2013, table 6.1.
  11. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  12. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  13. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1595581037.
  14. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3.