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1960 United States presidential election in Illinois

The 1960 United States presidential election in Illinois took place on November 8, 1960, as part of the 1960 United States presidential election. Illinois voters chose twenty-seven[2] representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

United States presidential election in Illinois, 1960

← 1956 November 8, 1960[1] 1964 →
  John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg VP-Nixon.png
Nominee John F. Kennedy Richard Nixon
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Massachusetts California
Running mate Lyndon B. Johnson Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
Electoral vote 27 0
Popular vote 2,377,846 2,368,988
Percentage 50.0% 49.8%

Illinois Presidential Election Results 1960.svg
County Results

President before election

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

Elected President

John F. Kennedy
Democratic

In the nation's second-closest race, Illinois was won by Senator John F. Kennedy (DMassachusetts), running with Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, with 49.98% of the popular vote against incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon (RCalifornia), running with United States Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., with 49.80% of the popular vote, a margin of victory of only 0.18%.[3][4]

PrimariesEdit

Democratic primaryEdit

Illinois held a non-binding primary.[5] Kennedy ran a write-in campaign, and no candidate actively ran against him in Illinois.[5]

Rather than being determined by the primary, the selection of delegates was determined by local Democratic organizations.[5] Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, head of the Cook County Democratic Party, promised to deliver Kennedy of Cook County's delegates, so long as Kennedy won competitive primaries in other states.[5]

Illinois Democratic Presidential Primary Results – 1960[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic John F. Kennedy 34,332 64.6%
Democratic Adlai Stevenson 8,029 15.1%
Democratic Stuart Symington 5,744 10.8%
Democratic Hubert Humphrey 4,283 8.1%
Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson 442 0.8%
Democratic Others 337 0.6%
Totals 53,167 100.00%

Republican primaryEdit

Nixon ran unopposed in the Republican primary.

Illinois Republican Presidential Primary Results – 1960[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Nixon 782,849 99.9%
Republican Others 442 0.1%
Totals 783,291 100.00%

ControversyEdit

Some, including Republican legislators and journalists, believed that Kennedy benefited from vote fraud from Mayor Richard Daley's powerful Chicago political machine.[7] Republicans tried and failed to overturn the results at the time—as well as in ten other states.[8] Some journalists also later claimed that mobster Sam Giancana and his Chicago crime syndicate "played a role" in Kennedy's victory.[8] Nixon's campaign staff urged him to pursue recounts and challenge the validity of Kennedy's victory, however, Nixon gave a speech three days after the election stating that he would not contest the election.[9]

A myth arose that Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley held back much of the city's vote until the late morning hours of November 9. Yet when the Republican Chicago Tribune went to press, 79 percent of Cook County precincts had reported, compared with just 62 percent of Illinois's precincts overall. Moreover, Nixon never led in Illinois, and Kennedy's lead merely shrank as election night went on.[10] Earl Mazo, a reporter for the pro-Nixon New York Herald Tribune and his biographer, investigated the voting in Chicago and "claimed to have discovered sufficient evidence of vote fraud to prove that the state was stolen for Kennedy."[7]

However, a special prosecutor assigned to the case brought charges against 650 people, which did not result in convictions.[9] Three Chicago election workers were convicted of voter fraud in 1962 and served short terms in jail.[9] Mazo, the Herald-Tribune reporter, later said that he "found names of the dead who had voted in Chicago, along with 56 people from one house."[9] He found cases of Republican voter fraud in southern Illinois, but said that the totals "did not match the Chicago fraud he found."[9]

ResultsEdit

United States presidential election in Illinois, 1960
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John F. Kennedy 2,377,846 49.98%
Republican Richard Nixon 2,368,988 49.80%
Write-in 10,575 0.22%
Total votes 4,757,409 100%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "United States Presidential election of 1960 - Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "1960 Election for the Forty-Fourth Term (1961-65)". Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  3. ^ "1960 Presidential General Election Results - Illinois". Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  4. ^ "The American Presidency Project - Election of 1960". Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Oliphant, Thomas; Wilkie, Curtis (2017). The road to Camelot: Inside JFK's Five-Year Campaign. Simon & Schuster.
  6. ^ a b "RESULTS OF 1960 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION PRIMARIES". John F. Kennedy presidential library. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "The fallacy of Nixon's graceful exit". Salon. November 10, 2000. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  8. ^ a b Greenberg, David (October 16, 2000). "Was Nixon Robbed?". Slate.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Another Race To the Finish". The Washington Post. November 17, 2000. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  10. ^ von Hippel, Paul (August 8, 2017). "Here's a voter fraud myth: Richard Daley 'stole' Illinois for John Kennedy in the 1960 election?". The Washington Post.