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United States presidential approval rating

Approval ratings of President Barack Obama by state in 2015—approval of President Obama was highest in Hawaii (at 58 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (at 24 percent)
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1920s (most likely 1927) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a President.

In contemporary politics, presidential job approval is highly partisan. Barack Obama in his last year as sitting president achieved a job approval of 70 to 90 among Democrats and 10 to 15 among Republicans.[2], while President Donald Trump in 2018 has a job approval of 80 to 90 among Republicans and 5 to 10 among Democrats.[1] Gallup polling has found that 46% of Americans are either "Democrats or Democratic leaners" while 39% are either "Republicans or Republican leaners".[3] However, this fact does not diminish the significance of the overall approval rating.[original research?]

Contents

President Donald TrumpEdit

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump[4][5][6]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[6] Population[6]
YouGov[7] December 6-8, 2018 45%[a] 54%[b] 2% -9% 817 Registered voters
Rasmussen Reports[c][8] November 6–8, 2018 48% 50% 2% -2% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Gallup Poll[d][9] October 29–November 4, 2018 40% 54% 6% -14% ≈1,500 All adults
CNN[e][10] November 1–3, 2018 39% 55% 6% -16% 1,518 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[f][11] November 1–3, 2018 46% 52% 2% -6% 1,000 Likely voters
Investor's Business Daily[g][12] October 25–November 3, 2018 40% 53% 3% -13% 900 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[h][13] October 29–November 1, 2018 40% 53% 8% -13% 1,255 All adults
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[14] October 21–23, 2018 39% 53% 8% -14% 935 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[15] October 18–22, 2018 43% 54% 3% -11% 1,000 Likely voters
Ipsos/Reuters[16] October 16–22, 2018 41% 52% 6% -11% 3,859 All adults
CBS News[i][17] October 14–17, 2018 39% 53% 8% -14% 1,108 All adults
Fox News[j][18] October 13–16, 2018 47% 51% 2% -4% 1,007 Registered voters
CNBC[k][19] October 4–7, 2018 41% 49% 10% -8% 800 Registered voters
Kaiser Family Foundation[l][20] September 19–October 2, 2018 40% 54% 6% -14% 1,201 All adults
Quinnipiac University[21] September 27–30, 2018 41% 53% 6% -12% 1,111 Registered voters
Pew Research Center[22] September 18–24, 2018 38% 55% 7% -17% 1,754 All adults
Grinnell College[m][23] August 29–September 2, 2018 39% 50% 11% -11% 1,002 All adults

Historical comparisonEdit

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937[24][25][26][n]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[24]
Polls
per year
45[27][28][29][30] Trump 45 (01/29/17, 06/17/18)[28] 33 (10/29/17, 12/01/17)[27] 12 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) [27] 1 (01/24/17) [27] −29 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) [27] 39[29]
44[31][32] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[o] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[33] G. W. Bush 92 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[34] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[35] G. H. W. Bush 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[36] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[37] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[38] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 67 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[39] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[40] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[41] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[42] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[43] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[44] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

GraphsEdit

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 29% strongly approve, 16% somewhat approve
  2. ^ 45% strongly disapprove, 9% somewhat disapprove
  3. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  4. ^ Weekly averages.
  5. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  6. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  7. ^ Conducted by TIPP, a division of TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence.
  8. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  9. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  10. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  11. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  12. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA.
  13. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company.
  14. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  15. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". Gallup. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  3. ^ "Gallup Historical Trends: Party Affiliation". GALLUP News. Gallop, Inc. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  4. ^ "President Trump: Job Ratings". PollingReport.com. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  5. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  7. ^ "Daily Survey: Trump Tweets" (PDF). December 8, 2018.
  8. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  9. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  10. ^ "CNN November 2018" (PDF). November 5, 2018.
  11. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). November 4, 2018.
  12. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll - November 2018" (PDF). Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  13. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll". November 4, 2018.
  14. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 935 National Adults" (PDF). October 26, 2018.
  15. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL DRAFT" (PDF). October 25, 2018.
  16. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  17. ^ "Americans Feel Positive About the Economy, but Not Much Else". October 19, 2018.
  18. ^ "Fox News Poll". October 17, 2018.
  19. ^ "Don't expect a big Democratic wave this fall, a new CNBC poll says". October 15, 2018.
  20. ^ "KFF Election Tracking Poll". October 18, 2018.
  21. ^ "GOP Cuts Into Dem Lead In House Races, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; More Voters Want Democrats To Control Senate". October 2, 2018.
  22. ^ "SEPTEMBER 2018 POLITICAL SURVEY" (PDF). September 26, 2018.
  23. ^ "GRINNELL COLLEGE NATIONAL POLL" (PDF). September 5, 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  25. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  26. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  28. ^ a b "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  30. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  31. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  32. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  33. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  34. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  35. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  43. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  44. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.

External linksEdit