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United States presidential approval rating

Approval rating of President Trump as of April 2019. Trump's approval rating was highest in Wyoming (at 62%), and lowest in the District of Columbia (at 18%), followed by Vermont (at 30%).[1]
  Approval rating of 60–69%
  Approval rating of 50–59%
  Approval rating of 40–49%
  Approval rating of 30–39%
  Approval rating of 10–19%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1920s (most likely 1927) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?[2]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted[by whom?] as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a President.

In contemporary politics, presidential job approval is highly partisan. Barack Obama in his last year as sitting president achieved a job approval of 70 to 90 among Democrats and 10 to 15 among Republicans,[3] while President Donald Trump in 2018 has a job approval of 80 to 90 among Republicans and 5 to 10 among Democrats.[2] Gallup polling has found that 46% of Americans are either "Democrats or Democratic leaners" while 39% are either "Republicans or Republican leaners".[4]

Contents

President Donald TrumpEdit

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump[5][6][7]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[7] Population[7]
Rasmussen Reports[a][8] May 14–16, 2019 45% 53% 2% -8% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Fox News [b][9] May 11–14, 2019 46% 53% 1% -7% 1,008 Registered voters
Ipsos/Reuters[10] May 10–14, 2019 39% 55% 6% -16% 2,010 All adults
Gallup Poll[c][11] May 1–12, 2019 42% 52% 6% -10% 1,009 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[d][12] April 28–May 1, 2019 46% 51% 3% -5% 900 All adults
Quinnipiac University[13] April 26–29, 2019 41% 55% 5% -14% 1,044 Registered voters
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[14] April 24–29, 2019 41% 53% 6% -12% 1,017 All adults
CNN[e][15] April 25–28, 2019 43% 52% 5% -9% 1,007 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[f][16] April 22–25, 2019 39% 54% 6% -15% 1,001 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[g][17] April 11–16, 2019 41% 55% 3% -14% 1,203 All adults
Monmouth University[18] April 11–15, 2019 40% 54% 6% -14% 801 All adults
Pew Research Center[h][19] March 20–25, 2019 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,503 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[20] March 13–17, 2019 48% 49% 3% -1% 1,000 Registered voters
CBS News [g][21] January 18–21, 2019 36% 59% 5% -23% 1,102 All adults

Historical comparisonEdit

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937[22][23][24][i]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[22]
Polls
per year
45[25][26][27][28] Trump 46 (04/30/19)[26] 35 (10/29/17, 12/01/17)[25] 11 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) [25] 1 (01/24/17) [25] -29 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) [25] 39[27]
44[29][30] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[j] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[31] G. W. Bush 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[32] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[33] G. H. W. Bush 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[34] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[35] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[36] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 67 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[37] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[38] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[39] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[40] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[41] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85 (08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[42] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

GraphsEdit

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  2. ^ Conducted by Beacon Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  3. ^ Monthly averages.
  4. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  5. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  6. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  7. ^ a b Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  8. ^ Conducted by Abt Associates.
  9. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  10. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tracking Trump: The President's Standing Across America". Morning Consult. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". Gallup. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  4. ^ "Gallup Historical Trends: Party Affiliation". GALLUP News. Gallup Inc. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  5. ^ "President Trump: Job Ratings". PollingReport.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  6. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  9. ^ "Fox News Poll". May 16, 2019.
  10. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  11. ^ "Trump Job Approval". Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  12. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). May 6, 2019.
  13. ^ "U.S. Voters Still Say 2-1 Trump Committed Crime, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; But Voters Oppose Impeachment 2-1". May 2, 2019.
  14. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,017 National Adults" (PDF). May 1, 2019.
  15. ^ "CNN April 2019" (PDF). May 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll, April 22-25, 2019" (PDF). April 30, 2019.
  17. ^ "KFF Health Tracking Poll – April 2019". April 24, 2019.
  18. ^ "Trump's Tax Time Troubles". April 17, 2019.
  19. ^ "MARCH 2019 POLITICAL SURVEY" (PDF). March 28, 2019.
  20. ^ "Suffolk University/USA Today Final" (PDF). March 22, 2019.
  21. ^ "Americans Say Border Wall Issue Not Worth a Shutdown, Even as Partisans Dig In". January 23, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  23. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  24. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  27. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  28. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  29. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  30. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  31. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  32. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  33. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  34. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.

External linksEdit