United States presidential approval rating

Approval rating of President Trump As of June 8 2019. [1]
  Approval rating of 60-69%
  Approval rating of 50-59%
  Approval rating of 40–49%
  Approval rating of 30–39%
  Approval rating of 20–29%
  Approval rating of 10–19%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (most likely 1937) to gauge public support for the president of the United States during their term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A question might ask:


Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?[2]

Like most surveys that predict opinions, individual poll results may be inaccurate. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that show inaccurate statistics. Examples that self select, such as online questions are of this type. However, the aggregate approval rating is generally accepted by statisticians, as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

In contemporary politics, presidential job approval is highly partisan. Obama in his last year as sitting president achieved a job approval of 70 to 90 among Democrats and 30 to 45 among Republicans,[3] while President Donald Trump in 2018 has a job approval of 85 to 90 among Republicans and 5 to 10 among Democrats.[2] Gallup polling has found that 46% of Americans are either "Democrats or Democratic leaners" while 39% are either "Republicans or Republican leaners".[4]

President Donald TrumpEdit

Most recent polls for President Donald J. Trump[5][6][7]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[7] Population[7]
Rasmussen Reports[a][8] December 25–29, 2019 46% 53% 1% -7% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Ipsos/Reuters[9] December 16–17, 2019 41% 53% 5% -12% 1,117 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[b][10] December 14–17, 2019 44% 54% 2% -10% 900 All adults
CNN[c][11] December 12–15, 2019 43% 53% 4% -10% 1,005 All adults
Quinnipiac University[12] December 11–15, 2019 43% 52% 5% -9% 1,390 Registered voters
Gallup Poll[d][13] December 2–15, 2019 45% 51% 3% -6% 1,025 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[14] December 10–14, 2019 48% 50% 2% -2% 1,000 Registered voters
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[15] December 9–11, 2019 42% 52% 6% -10% 1,774 All adults
Fox News [e][16] December 8–11, 2019 45% 53% 1% -8% 1,000 Registered voters
Monmouth University[17] December 4–8, 2019 43% 50% 8% -7% 903 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[f][18] November 7–12, 2019 41% 57% 2% -16% 1,205 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[g][19] October 27–30, 2019 38% 58% 5% -20% 1,003 All adults
CBS News [f][20] May 17–20, 2019 41% 52% 6% -11% 1,101 All adults
Pew Research Center[h][21] March 20–25, 2019 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,503 All adults

Historical comparisonEdit

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937[22][23][24][i]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[22]
Polls
per year
45[25][26][27][28] Trump 51 (2020-01-16) 35 (2017-10-29, 2017-12-01)[25] 11 62 (2017-10-29, 2017-10-30, 2017-12-01) [25] 1 (2017-01-24) [25] −29 (2017-10-29, 2017-12-01) [25] 40[27]
44[29][30] Obama 69 (2009-01-24) 38 (2014-09-05)[j] 31 57 (2014-10-10) 56 (2009-01-23, 2009-01-24) −18 (2014-10-10) 59 (2017-01-19) 47.9 48.4
43[31] G. W. Bush 90 (2001-9-21) 25 (2008-10-05, 2008-10-12, 2008-11-02) 65 71 (2008-10-10) 83 (2001-09-22) −46 (2008-10-12) 34 (2009-01-11) 49.4 33.7
42[32] Clinton 73 (1998-12-19) 37 (1993-06-06) 36 54 (1994-09-07) 45 (2000-12-17) −14 (1994-09-07) 66 (2001-01-14) 55.1 28.5
41[33] G. H. W. Bush 89 (1991-02-28) 29 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 60 60 (1992-07-31) 82 (1991-03-03) −30 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 56 (1993-01-11) 60.9 39.5
40[34] Reagan 71 (1986-01-30) 35 (1983-01-31) 36 56 (1983-01-28) 52 (1986-01-30) −21(1983-01-31) 63 (1988-12-29) 52.8 37.0
39[35] Carter 74 (1977-03-15) 28 (1979-06-26, 1979-10-02) 46 59 (1979-06-26) 66 (1977-03-15) −31 (1979-06-26) 34 (1980-12-08) 45.5 22.7
38[36] Ford 70 (1974-08-13) 36 (1975-03-25) 34 46 (1975-04-15, 1975-11-18) 67 (1974-08-13) −7 (1975-02-25, 1975-03-25, 1975-04-15) 53 (1976-12-13) 47.2 14.7
37[37] Nixon 66 (1973-01-23) 24 (1974-01-02) 42 66 (1974-08-05) 57 (1969-03-17) −42 (1974-08-05) 24 (1974-08-05) 49.1 17.7
36[38] Johnson 79 (1964-03-05) 34 (1968-08-12) 45 52 (1968-08-12) 75 (1963-12-10) −18 (1968-08-12) 49 (1969-01-06) 55.1 15.3
35[39] Kennedy 83 (1962-03-05) 56 (1963-09-10) 27 30 (1963-09-12, 1963-11-08) 78 (1962-03-05) 27 (1963-09-10) 58 (1963-11-13) 70.1 13.7
34[40] Eisenhower 77 (1955-11-22, 1956-12-19) 47 (1958-03-25) 30 36 (1958-03-25) 66 (1953-04-02, 1956-12-19) 12 (1958-03-25) 59 (1960-12-13) 65.0 14.4
33[41] Truman 87 (1945-08-22) 22 (1951-11-16, 1952-02-14) 65 67 (1952-01-06) 85 (1945-08-22) −43 (1952-01-04) 32 (1952-12-16) 45.4 8.4
32[42] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (1942-01-23) 48 (1939-08-18) 35 46 (1938-05-22, 1938-05-29, 1938-11-07) 73 (1942-01-23) 65 (1943-12-15) 63

GraphsEdit

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  2. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  3. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  4. ^ Monthly averages.
  5. ^ Conducted by Beacon Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  6. ^ a b Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  7. ^ Conducted by Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  8. ^ Conducted by Abt Associates.
  9. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  10. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tracking Trump". Morning Consult. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings". Gallup. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  4. ^ "Gallup Historical Trends: Party Affiliation". GALLUP News. Gallup Inc. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  5. ^ "President Trump: Job Ratings". PollingReport.com. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  6. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  9. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  10. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). December 19, 2019.
  11. ^ "CNN December 2019" (PDF). December 16, 2019.
  12. ^ "Trump Job Approval And Economy Rating Hit Highs, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; On Ukraine: 52 Percent Say Trump Pursued Personal Interest". December 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "Trump Job Approval". Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  14. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY National Study" (PDF). December 19, 2019.
  15. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,744 National Adults" (PDF). December 16, 2019.
  16. ^ "Fox News Poll". December 19, 2019.
  17. ^ "Most Say Trump Hindered Inquiry, But Impeachment Opinion is Unmoved". December 11, 2019.
  18. ^ "KFF Health Tracking Poll – November 2019". November 20, 2019.
  19. ^ "Oct. 27-30, 2019 Washington Post-ABC News poll" (PDF). November 5, 2019.
  20. ^ "Americans Feel Good About the Economy and Give Trump Credit". May 22, 2019.
  21. ^ "MARCH 2019 POLITICAL SURVEY" (PDF). March 28, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  23. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  24. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  26. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  27. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  28. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  29. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  30. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  31. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  32. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  33. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  34. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.

External linksEdit

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