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United States presidential approval rating

Approval rating of President Trump as of January 2019. Trump's approval rating was highest in Wyoming (at 63%) and lowest in the District of Columbia (at 16%), followed by Vermont (at 31%).[1]
  Approval rating of 60–69%
  Approval rating of 50–59%
  Approval rating of 40–49%
  Approval rating of 30–39%
  Approval rating of 10–19%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1920s (most likely 1927) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way Donald Trump is handling his job as president?[2]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a President.

In contemporary politics, presidential job approval is highly partisan. Barack Obama in his last year as sitting president achieved a job approval of 70 to 90 among Democrats and 10 to 15 among Republicans,[3] while President Donald Trump in 2018 has a job approval of 80 to 90 among Republicans and 5 to 10 among Democrats.[2] Gallup polling has found that 46% of Americans are either "Democrats or Democratic leaners" while 39% are either "Republicans or Republican leaners".[4] However, this fact does not diminish the significance of the overall approval rating.[original research?]

Contents

President Donald TrumpEdit

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump[5][6][7]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[7] Population[7]
Rasmussen Reports[a][8] February 17–19, 2019 49% 51% 0% -2% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Ipsos/Reuters[9] February 13–19, 2019 41% 55% 4% -14% 3,322 All adults
Fox News [b][10] February 10–12, 2019 46% 52% 2% -6% 1,004 Registered voters
Gallup Poll[c][11] February 1–10, 2019 44% 52% 4% -8% 1,016 All adults
CNN[d][12] January 30–February 2, 2019 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,011 All adults
Quinnipiac University[13] January 25–28, 2019 38% 57% 5% -19% 1,004 Registered voters
ABC News/Washington Post[e][14] January 21–24, 2019 37% 58% 5% -21% 1,001 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[f][15] January 20–23, 2019 43% 54% 3% -11% 900 All adults
CBS News [g][16] January 18–21, 2019 36% 59% 5% -23% 1,102 All adults
Pew Research Center[g][17] January 9–14, 2019 37% 59% 3% -22% 1,505 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[g][18] January 9–14, 2019 38% 59% 3% -21% 1,190 All adults
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[19] January 10–13, 2019 39% 53% 8% -14% 1,023 All adults
Investor's Business Daily[h][20] January 3–12, 2019 42% 54% 2% -12% 903 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[21] December 11–16, 2018 42% 54% 4% -12% 1,000 Registered voters

Historical comparisonEdit

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937[22][23][24][i]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[22]
Polls
per year
45[25][26][27][28] Trump 45 (01/29/17, 06/17/18)[26] 35 (10/29/17, 12/01/17)[25] 10 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) [25] 1 (01/24/17) [25] -29 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) [25] 39[27]
44[29][30] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[j] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[31] G. W. Bush 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[32] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[33] G. H. W. Bush 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[34] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[35] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[36] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 67 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[37] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[38] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[39] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[40] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[41] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[42] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

GraphsEdit

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  2. ^ Conducted by Beacon Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  3. ^ Monthly averages.
  4. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  5. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  6. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  7. ^ a b c Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  8. ^ Conducted by TIPP, a division of TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence.
  9. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  10. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tracking Trump: The President's Approval State by State, Month by Month". Morning Consult. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". Gallup. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  4. ^ "Gallup Historical Trends: Party Affiliation". GALLUP News. Gallop, Inc. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  5. ^ "President Trump: Job Ratings". PollingReport.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  6. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  9. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017.
  10. ^ "Fox News Poll". February 20, 2019.
  11. ^ "Trump Job Approval". Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  12. ^ "Trump -- Conducted Jan. 30 -- Feb. 2, 2019". February 4, 2019.
  13. ^ "U.S. Voters Trust Pelosi More Than Trump On Big Issues, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; 2-1 Support For No-Wall Border Solution". January 29, 2019.
  14. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll Jan. 21-24". January 25, 2019.
  15. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). January 27, 2019.
  16. ^ "Americans Say Border Wall Issue Not Worth a Shutdown, Even as Partisans Dig In". January 23, 2019.
  17. ^ "JANUARY 2019 POLITICAL SURVEY" (PDF). January 16, 2019.
  18. ^ "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll – January 2019". January 23, 2019.
  19. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,023 National Adults" (PDF). January 17, 2019.
  20. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll - January 2019" (PDF). Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  21. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL" (PDF). January 2, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  23. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  24. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  27. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  28. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  29. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  30. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  31. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  32. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  33. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  34. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.

External linksEdit