1908 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1908 were held for members of the 61st Congress, coinciding with the 1908 United States presidential election, which William Howard Taft won.

1908 U.S. House of Representatives elections

← 1906 November 3, 1908[a] 1910 →

All 391 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
196 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg ChampClark.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon Champ Clark
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Missouri 9th
Last election 223 seats 167 seats
Seats won 218[1][2] 172[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 5
Popular vote 7,227,470 6,552,986
Percentage 50.05% 45.38%
Swing Increase 0.01% Increase 1.81%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat[b]
Seats won 1[c]
Seat change Steady
Popular vote 61,499
Percentage 0.43%
Swing Steady

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Taft was not as popular as his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, but won with Roosevelt's backing, and his Republican Party lost only a handful of seats to the opposition Democrats. Without any striking national issues, the Republicans were able to remain in control. Regional issues led to some changes in House membership, but new Democrats who were elected by dissatisfied industrial workers were balanced out by new Republicans who gained seats in districts with a strong middle class presence.

Election summariesEdit

172 219
Democratic Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9   0  
Arkansas District 7 7   0  
California District 8 0   8  
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3   3 0   3
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 0   5  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1  
Florida District 3 3   0  
Georgia District 11 11   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   1  
Illinois District 25 6   1 19   1
Indiana District 13 11   7 2   7
Iowa District 11 1   10  
Kansas District 8 0   8  
Kentucky District 11 8   1 3   1
Louisiana District 7 7   0  
Maine[d] District 4 0   4  
Maryland District 6 3   3  
Massachusetts District 14 3   11  
Michigan District 12 0   12  
Minnesota District 9 1   8  
Mississippi District 8 8   0  
Missouri District 16 10   2 6   2
Montana At-large 1 0   1  
Nebraska District 6 3   2 3   2
Nevada At-large 1 1   0  
New Hampshire District 2 0   2  
New Jersey District 10 3   1 7   1
New York District 37 11   26  
North Carolina District 10 7   3 3   3
North Dakota District 2 0   2  
Ohio District 21 8   3 13   3
Oklahoma District 5 2   2 3   2
Oregon[d] District 2 0   2  
Pennsylvania District 32 5   2 27   2
Rhode Island District 2 0   1 2   1
South Carolina District 7 7   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 0   2  
Tennessee District 10 8   2  
Texas District 16 16   0  
Utah At-large 1 0   1  
Vermont[d] District 2 0   2  
Virginia District 10 9   1  
Washington District[e] 3 0   3  
West Virginia District 5 0   5  
Wisconsin District 11 1   1 10   1
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1  
Total 391 172
44.0%
  5 219
56.0%
  5
House seats
Democratic
43.99%
Republican
56.01%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

In 1908, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Special electionsEdit

There were nine special elections in 1908.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois 25 George W. Smith Republican 1888 Incumbent died November 30, 1907.
New member elected February 15, 1908.
Republican hold.
Alabama 2 Ariosto A. Wiley Democratic 1900 Incumbent died June 17, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908 to finish his brother's term.
Democratic hold.
Indiana 13 Abraham L. Brick Republican 1898 Incumbent died April 7, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Democratic gain.
Successor was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Louisiana 1 Adolph Meyer Democratic 1890 Incumbent died March 8, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Democratic hold.
Successor was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Maine 2 Charles E. Littlefield Republican 1899 (Special) Incumbent died September 30, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Republican hold.
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
Maine 4 Llewellyn Powers Republican 1876
1878 (Lost)
1901 (Special)
Incumbent died July 28, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Republican hold.
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
New York 3 Charles T. Dunwell Republican 1902 Incumbent died June 12, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Republican hold.
Successor was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
South Dakota at-large William H. Parker Republican 1906 Incumbent died June 26, 1908.
New member elected November 3, 1908.
Republican hold.
Successor was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William F. Englebright Republican 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Duncan E. McKinlay (Republican) 57.5%
  • W. K. Hays (Democratic) 38.5%
  • A. J. Gaylord (Socialist) 4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius Kahn (Republican) 52.7%
  • James G. Maguire (Democratic) 42.9%
  • K. J. Doyle (Socialist) 4%
  • William N. Meserve (Prohibition) 0.3%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 49.1%
  • George A. Tracy (Democratic) 42.8%
  • E. H. Misner (Socialist) 6.3%
  • Walter E. Vail (Prohibition) 1.8%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. Needham (Republican) 52%
  • Fred P. Feliz (Democratic) 38.7%
  • W. M. Pattison (Socialist) 5.6%
  • James W. Webb (Prohibition) 3.7%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sylvester C. Smith (Republican) 55.7%
  • W. E. Shepherd (Democratic) 34.7%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 9.6%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 75.2%
  • George W. Allen (Republican) 15.0%
  • C. C. Allen (Socialist) 9.8%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank Clark (Democratic) 75.9%
  • William R. O'Neal (Republican) 18.0%
  • A. N. Jackson (Socialist) 6.1%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold

KansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 1 Daniel R. Anthony Jr. Republican 1907 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 Charles F. Scott Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 3 Philip P. Campbell Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 James Monroe Miller Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 5 William A. Calderhead Republican 1894
1896 (Lost)
1898
Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 6 William A. Reeder Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 7 Edmond H. Madison Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 8 Victor Murdock Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Alaska TerritoryEdit

Alaska Territory elected its non-voting delegate August 11, 1908.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Alaska Territory at-large Thomas Cale Independent 1906 Incumbent retired.
New delegate elected.
Democratic gain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held earlier elections between June 1 and September 14.
  2. ^ One Independent Republican, Peter Porter from the 34th District of New York.
  3. ^ One Independent Republican, Richard Austin from the 2nd District of Tennessee.
  4. ^ a b c Elections held early
  5. ^ Changed from at-large.
  6. ^ This was the last year that Oregon held its congressional elections early.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 162–163.
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - IL - District 25 Special Election Race - Feb 15, 1908".
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - AL - District 02 - Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN - District 13 Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - LA - District 01 - Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - ME District 2 - Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - ME District 4 - Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 3 - Special Election Race - Nov 03, 1908".
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate Race - Aug 11, 1908".

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit