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The 1942 United States elections were held on November 3, 1942, and elected the members of the 75th United States Congress. In Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt's unprecedented third mid-term election, the Republican Party picked up seats in both chambers. In the House of Representatives, the Democratic lost forty-five seats, mostly to Republicans. The House elections took place after the 1940 United States Census and the subsequent Congressional re-apportionment. The Democrats also lost eight seats to the Republicans in the U.S. Senate. An Independent also lost his seat to a Republican in the Senate. Despite Republican gains, the Democratic Party retained control of both chambers.[2]

1942 United States elections
Midterm elections
Election dayNovember 3
Incumbent presidentFranklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Next Congress78th
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contested35 of 96 seats
(32 Class 1 seats + 4 special elections)[1]
Net seat changeRepublican +9
US 1942 senate election map.svg
1942 Senate election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting seats
Popular vote marginRepublican +3.8%
Net seat changeRepublican +47
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested33
Net seat changeRepublican +3
USgubernatorial1942.png
1942 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Progressive gain

The election was a victory for the conservative coalition, which passed the Smith-Connally Act and abolished the National Resources Planning Board over the objections of Roosevelt.[3]

As the election came in the middle of World War II, voter turnout was just 33.9%. As of 2018, no biennial U.S. election since then has seen a lower voter turnout.[4][5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ One Class 1 seat held both a regularly-scheduled election and a special election in 1942. This seat is not double-counted for the total number of seat contested.
  2. ^ "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1942" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  3. ^ Busch, Andrew (1999). Horses in Midstream. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 157.
  4. ^ Charlotte Alter. "Voter Turnout in Midterm Elections Hits 72-Year Low". Time. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  5. ^ Charlotte Alter (November 10, 2014). "2014 midterm election turnout lowest in 70 years". PBS. Retrieved November 11, 2014.