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The 1940 United States elections was held on November 5. The Democratic Party continued to dominate national politics, as it defended its Congressional majorities and retained the presidency. It was the last election prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entry into World War II.

1940 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent presidentFranklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic)
Next Congress77th
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Hold
Popular vote marginDemocratic +9.9%
Electoral vote
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)449
Wendell Willkie (R)82
1940 United States presidential election in California1940 United States presidential election in Oregon1940 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1940 United States presidential election in Idaho1940 United States presidential election in Nevada1940 United States presidential election in Utah1940 United States presidential election in Arizona1940 United States presidential election in Montana1940 United States presidential election in Wyoming1940 United States presidential election in Colorado1940 United States presidential election in New Mexico1940 United States presidential election in North Dakota1940 United States presidential election in South Dakota1940 United States presidential election in Nebraska1940 United States presidential election in Kansas1940 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1940 United States presidential election in Texas1940 United States presidential election in Minnesota1940 United States presidential election in Iowa1940 United States presidential election in Missouri1940 United States presidential election in Arkansas1940 United States presidential election in Louisiana1940 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1940 United States presidential election in Illinois1940 United States presidential election in Michigan1940 United States presidential election in Indiana1940 United States presidential election in Ohio1940 United States presidential election in Kentucky1940 United States presidential election in Tennessee1940 United States presidential election in Mississippi1940 United States presidential election in Alabama1940 United States presidential election in Georgia1940 United States presidential election in Florida1940 United States presidential election in South Carolina1940 United States presidential election in North Carolina1940 United States presidential election in Virginia1940 United States presidential election in West Virginia1940 United States presidential election in Maryland1940 United States presidential election in Delaware1940 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1940 United States presidential election in New Jersey1940 United States presidential election in New York1940 United States presidential election in Connecticut1940 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1940 United States presidential election in Vermont1940 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1940 United States presidential election in Maine1940 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1940 United States presidential election in Maryland1940 United States presidential election in Delaware1940 United States presidential election in New Jersey1940 United States presidential election in Connecticut1940 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1940 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1940 United States presidential election in Vermont1940 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1940.svg
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1940 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Willkie, blue denotes states won by Roosevelt. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contested36 of 96 seats
(32 Class 1 seats + 4 special elections)
Net seat changeRepublican +4[1]
US 1940 senate election map.svg
1940 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Progressive hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Popular vote marginDemocratic +5.8%
Net seat changeDemocratic +5
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested34
Net seat changeRepublican +2
USgubernatorial1940.png
1940 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

In the presidential election, Democratic incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to serve an unprecedented third term, defeating Republican businessman Wendell Willkie of New York. Although Willkie fared better than the previous two Republican presidential candidates, Roosevelt crushed Willkie in the electoral college and won the popular vote by ten points. At the 1940 Democratic National Convention, Roosevelt overcame opposition from Vice President John Nance Garner and Postmaster General James Farley to win on the first ballot. Willkie won the Republican nomination on the sixth ballot, defeating Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft and Manhattan District Attorney Thomas Dewey.[2][3]

The Democrats gained five seats in the House of Representatives, furthering their majority over the Republicans. The Democrats also maintained a majority in the U.S. Senate; however, they lost three seats to the Republicans in that house.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Republicans picked up three seats in the regularly-scheduled elections and picked up an additional seat in the special elections.
  2. ^ "1940 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 5, 1940" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 28 December 2011.