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The 1932 United States elections was held on November 8, during the Great Depression. The presidential election coincided with U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and gubernatorial elections in several states.[2][3] The election marked the end of the Fourth Party System and the start of the Fifth Party System. The election is widely considered to be a realigning election, and the newly established Democratic New Deal coalition experienced much more success than their predecessors had in the Fourth Party System.[4]

1932 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 8
Incumbent presidentHerbert Hoover (Republican)
Next Congress73rd
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Gain
Popular vote marginDemocratic +17.7%
Electoral vote
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)472
Herbert Hoover (R)59
1932 United States presidential election in California1932 United States presidential election in Oregon1932 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1932 United States presidential election in Idaho1932 United States presidential election in Nevada1932 United States presidential election in Utah1932 United States presidential election in Arizona1932 United States presidential election in Montana1932 United States presidential election in Wyoming1932 United States presidential election in Colorado1932 United States presidential election in New Mexico1932 United States presidential election in North Dakota1932 United States presidential election in South Dakota1932 United States presidential election in Nebraska1932 United States presidential election in Kansas1932 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1932 United States presidential election in Texas1932 United States presidential election in Minnesota1932 United States presidential election in Iowa1932 United States presidential election in Missouri1932 United States presidential election in Arkansas1932 United States presidential election in Louisiana1932 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1932 United States presidential election in Illinois1932 United States presidential election in Michigan1932 United States presidential election in Indiana1932 United States presidential election in Ohio1932 United States presidential election in Kentucky1932 United States presidential election in Tennessee1932 United States presidential election in Mississippi1932 United States presidential election in Alabama1932 United States presidential election in Georgia1932 United States presidential election in Florida1932 United States presidential election in South Carolina1932 United States presidential election in North Carolina1932 United States presidential election in Virginia1932 United States presidential election in West Virginia1932 United States presidential election in Maryland1932 United States presidential election in Delaware1932 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey1932 United States presidential election in New York1932 United States presidential election in Connecticut1932 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1932 United States presidential election in Vermont1932 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1932 United States presidential election in Maine1932 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1932 United States presidential election in Maryland1932 United States presidential election in Delaware1932 United States presidential election in New Jersey1932 United States presidential election in Connecticut1932 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1932 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1932 United States presidential election in Vermont1932 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1932.svg
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1932 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Hoover, blue denotes states won by Roosevelt. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Gain
Seats contested34 of 96 seats
(32 Class 3 seats + 5 special elections)[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +12
US 1932 senate election map.svg
1932 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Net seat changeDemocratic +97
1932 House Election in the United States.png
1932 House of Representatives results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Third party gain   Third party hold

Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested35
Net seat changeDemocratic +11
USgubernatorial1932.png
1932 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Farmer–Labor hold

Democratic New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican incumbent President Herbert Hoover. Roosevelt won in a landslide, and Hoover only won six Northeastern states. Roosevelt's victory was the first by a Democratic candidate since Woodrow Wilson won re-election in 1916. Roosevelt took his party's nomination on the fourth ballot, defeating 1928 nominee Al Smith and Speaker of the House John Nance Garner.

The Republicans suffered massive defeats in both congressional chambers with many seats switching to Democratic control. Democrats gained ninety-seven seats in the House of Representatives, increasing their majority over the Republicans (and achieving a House supermajority). The Democrats also took control of the Senate, gaining twelve seats from the Republicans.[3] Republicans had controlled the chamber since their electoral success in 1918.[5]

The election took place after the 1930 United States Census and the subsequent Congressional re-apportionment. The Reapportionment Act of 1929 provided a permanent method of apportioning 435 House seats; previously, Congress had had to pass apportionment legislation after each census.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Three Class 3 seats held both a regularly-scheduled election and a special election in 1932. These seats are not double-counted for the total number of seats contested.
  2. ^ "1932 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Statistics of the Congressional and Presidential Election of November 8, 1932" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  4. ^ Reichley, A. James (2000). The Life of the Parties (Paperback ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 8–12.
  5. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.