United States drug overdose death rates and totals over time

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has data on drug overdose death rates and totals. 1,015,060 US residents died from drug overdoses from 1968 to 2019. 22 people out of every 100,000 died from drug overdoses in 2019 in the US.[2]

Fentanyl. 2 mg. A lethal dose in most people.[1]

86,001 died in the 12 month period ending in July 2020.[3]

1968-2019 overdose death rates and totalsEdit

 
U.S. yearly overdose deaths from all drugs.[4]
1968-2019 US drug overdose deaths. 1,015,060 total.[2]





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Year Deaths Population
(July 1
residents)
Crude
death
rate
per
100,000
Age
adjusted

death
rate per
100,000
1968 5,033 199,533,564 2.5 2.8
1969 6,006 201,568,206 3.0 3.3
1970 7,101 203,458,035 3.5 3.8
1971 6,771 206,782,970 3.3 3.5
1972 6,622 209,237,411 3.2 3.4
1973 6,413 211,361,965 3.0 3.2
1974 6,449 213,436,958 3.0 3.2
1975 7,145 215,457,198 3.3 3.4
1976 6,765 217,615,788 3.1 3.2
1977 6,130 219,808,632 2.8 2.9
1978 5,506 222,102,279 2.5 2.6
1979 2,544 224,635,398 1.1 1.1
1980 2,492 226,624,371 1.1 1.1
1981 2,668 229,487,512 1.2 1.2
1982 2,862 231,701,425 1.2 1.2
1983 2,866 233,781,743 1.2 1.2
1984 3,266 235,922,142 1.4 1.3
1985 3,612 238,005,715 1.5 1.5
1986 4,187 240,189,882 1.7 1.7
1987 3,907 242,395,034 1.6 1.6
1988 4,865 244,651,961 2.0 2.0
1989 5,035 247,001,762 2.0 2.0
1990 4,506 248,922,111 1.8 1.8
1991 5,215 253,088,068 2.1 2.0
1992 5,951 256,606,463 2.3 2.3
1993 7,382 260,024,637 2.8 2.8
1994 7,828 263,241,475 3.0 3.0
1995 8,000 266,386,596 3.0 3.0
1996 8,431 269,540,779 3.1 3.1
1997 9,099 272,776,678 3.3 3.3
1998 9,838 276,032,848 3.6 3.6
1999 16,849 279,040,168 6.0 6.1
2000 17,415 281,421,906 6.2 6.2
2001 19,394 284,968,955 6.8 6.8
2002 23,518 287,625,193 8.2 8.2
2003 25,785 290,107,933 8.9 8.9
2004 27,424 292,805,298 9.4 9.4
2005 29,813 295,516,599 10.1 10.1
2006 34,425 298,379,912 11.5 11.5
2007 36,010 301,231,207 12.0 11.9
2008 36,450 304,093,966 12.0 11.9
2009 37,004 306,771,529 12.1 11.9
2010 38,329 308,745,538 12.4 12.3
2011 41,340 311,591,917 13.3 13.2
2012 41,502 313,914,040 13.2 13.1
2013 43,982 316,128,839 13.9 13.8
2014 47,055 318,857,056 14.8 14.7
2015 52,404 321,418,820 16.3 16.3
2016 63,632 323,127,513 19.7 19.8
2017 70,237 325,719,178 21.6 21.7
2018 67,367 327,167,434 20.6 20.7
2019 70,630 328,239,523 21.5 21.6
Total 1,015,060

Overdose death rates by state. Map and timelineEdit

 
  6.9–11
  11.1–13.5
  13.6–16.0
  16.1–18.5
  18.6–21.0
  21.1–52.0
Of the 64,070 overdose deaths in the US in 2016,[5] opioids were involved in 42,249.[6] In 2016, the five states with the highest rates of death due to drug overdose were West Virginia (52.0 per 100,000), Ohio (39.1 per 100,000), New Hampshire (39.0 per 100,000), Pennsylvania (37.9 per 100,000) and Kentucky (33.5 per 100,000).[7]


Drug Overdose Mortality by State. Rates per 100,000 population.[8]

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State 1999 2005 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Alabama 3.9 6.3 15.2 15.7 16.2 18 16.6 16.3
  Alaska 7.5 11.4 16.8 16 16.8 20.2 14.6 17.8
  Arizona 10.6 14.1 12.6 19 20.3 22.2 23.8 26.8
  Arkansas 4.4 10.1 18.2 13.8 14 15.5 15.7 13.5
  California 8.1 9 11.1 11.3 11.2 11.7 12.8 15
  Colorado 8 12.7 16.3 15.4 16.6 17.6 16.8 18
  Connecticut 9 8.5 17.6 22.1 27.4 30.9 30.7 34.7
  Delaware 6.4 7.5 20.9 22 30.8 37 43.8 48
  Florida 6.4 13.5 13.2 16.2 23.7 25.1 22.8 25.5
  Georgia (U.S. state) 3.5 8.2 11.9 12.7 13.3 14.7 13.2 13.1
  Hawaii 6.5 9.4 10.9 11.3 12.8 13.8 14.3 15.9
  Idaho 5.3 8.1 13.7 14.2 15.2 14.4 14.6 15.1
  Illinois 6.7 8.4 13.1 14.1 18.9 21.6 21.3 21.9
  Indiana 3.2 9.8 18.2 19.5 24 29.4 25.6 26.6
  Iowa 1.9 4.8 8.8 10.3 10.6 11.5 9.6 11.5
  Kansas 3.4 9.1 11.7 11.8 11.1 11.8 12.4 14.3
  Kentucky 4.9 15.3 24.7 29.9 33.5 37.2 30.9 32.5
  Louisiana 4.3 14.7 16.9 19 21.8 24.5 25.4 28.3
  Maine 5.3 12.4 16.8 21.2 28.7 34.4 27.9 29.9
  Maryland 11.4 11.4 17.4 20.9 33.2 36.3 37.2 38.2
  Massachusetts 7.5 12 19 25.7 33 31.8 32.8 32.1
  Michigan 4.6 9.8 18 20.4 24.4 27.8 26.6 24.4
  Minnesota 2.8 5.4 9.6 10.6 12.5 13.3 11.5 14.2
  Mississippi 3.2 8.8 11.6 12.3 12.1 12.2 10.8 13.6
  Missouri 5 10.7 18.2 17.9 23.6 23.4 27.5 26.9
  Montana 4.6 10.1 12.4 13.8 11.7 11.7 12.2 14.1
  Nebraska 2.3 5 7.2 6.9 6.4 8.1 7.4 8.7
  Nevada 11.5 18.7 18.4 20.4 21.7 21.6 21.2 20.1
  New Hampshire 4.3 10.7 26.2 34.3 39 37 35.8 32
  New Jersey 6.5 9.4 14 16.3 23.2 30 33.1 31.7
  New Mexico 15 20.1 27.3 25.3 25.2 24.8 26.7 30.2
  New York (state) 5 4.8 11.3 13.6 18 19.4 18.4 18.2
  North Carolina 4.6 11.4 13.8 15.8 19.7 24.1 22.4 22.3
  North Dakota 0 0 6.3 8.6 10.6 9.2 10.2 11.4
  Ohio 4.2 10.9 24.6 29.9 39.1 46.3 35.9 38.3
  Oklahoma 5.4 13.8 20.3 19 21.5 20.1 18.4 16.7
  Oregon 6.1 10.4 12.8 12 11.9 12.4 12.6 14
  Pennsylvania 8.1 13.2 21.9 26.3 37.9 44.3 36.1 35.6
  Rhode Island 5.5 14.3 23.4 28.2 30.8 31 30.1 29.5
  South Carolina 3.7 9.9 14.4 15.7 18.1 20.5 22.6 22.7
  South Dakota 0 5.5 7.8 8.4 8.4 8.5 6.9 10.5
  Tennessee 6.1 14.5 19.5 22.2 24.5 26.6 27.5 31.2
  Texas 5.4 8.5 9.7 9.4 10.1 10.5 10.4 10.8
  Utah 10.6 19.3 22.4 23.4 22.4 22.3 21.2 18.9
  Vermont 4.7 8.5 13.9 16.7 22.2 23.2 26.6 23.8
  Virginia 5 7.5 11.7 12.4 16.7 17.9 17.1 18.3
  Washington (state) 9.3 13 13.3 14.7 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.8
  West Virginia 4.1 10.5 35.5 41.5 52 57.8 51.5 52.8
  Wisconsin 4 9.3 15.1 15.5 19.3 21.2 19.2 21.1
  Wyoming 4.1 4.9 19.4 16.4 17.6 12.2 11.1 14.1


Overdose death totals by state. TimelineEdit

Drug Overdose Mortality by State. Deaths over time.[8]

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State 1999 2005 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Alabama 169 283 723 736 756 835 775 768
  Alaska 46 79 124 122 128 147 110 132
  Arizona 511 794 356 1274 1382 1532 1670 1907
  Arkansas 113 269 1211 392 401 446 444 388
  California 2662 3214 4521 4659 4654 4868 5348 6198
  Colorado 349 608 899 869 942 1015 995 1079
  Connecticut 310 295 623 800 971 1072 1069 1214
  Delaware 50 62 189 198 282 338 401 435
  Florida 997 2371 2634 3228 4728 5088 4698 5268
  Georgia (U.S. state) 283 738 1206 1302 1394 1537 1404 1408
  Hawaii 80 126 157 169 191 203 213 242
  Idaho 64 109 212 218 243 236 250 265
  Illinois 825 1067 1705 1835 2411 2778 2722 2790
  Indiana 191 610 1172 1245 1526 1852 1629 1699
  Iowa 53 141 264 309 314 341 287 352
  Kansas 89 241 332 329 313 333 345 403
  Kentucky 197 638 1077 1273 1419 1566 1315 1380
  Louisiana 188 661 777 861 996 1108 1140 1267
  Maine 67 163 216 269 353 424 345 371
  Maryland 629 656 1070 1285 2044 2247 2324 2369
  Massachusetts 488 780 1289 1724 2227 2168 2241 2210
  Michigan 460 985 1762 1980 2347 2694 2591 2385
  Minnesota 136 282 517 581 672 733 636 792
  Mississippi 87 248 336 351 352 354 310 394
  Missouri 276 608 1067 1066 1371 1367 1610 1583
  Montana 41 96 125 138 119 119 125 143
  Nebraska 39 86 125 126 120 152 138 161
  Nevada 227 457 545 619 665 676 688 647
  New Hampshire 54 142 334 422 481 467 452 407
  New Jersey 557 823 1253 1454 2056 2685 2900 2805
  New Mexico 266 373 547 501 500 493 537 599
  New York (state) 959 944 2300 2754 3638 3921 3697 3617
  North Carolina 366 1000 1358 1567 1956 2414 2259 2266
  North Dakota 12 12 43 61 77 68 70 82
  Ohio 467 1243 2744 3310 4329 5111 3980 4251
  Oklahoma 178 478 777 725 813 775 716 645
  Oregon 210 386 522 505 506 530 547 615
  Pennsylvania 990 1613 2732 3264 4627 5388 4415 4377
  Rhode Island 58 156 247 310 326 320 317 307
  South Carolina 147 427 701 761 879 1008 1125 1127
  South Dakota 17 40 63 65 69 73 57 86
  Tennessee 344 872 1269 1457 1630 1776 1823 2089
  Texas 1087 1910 2601 2588 2831 2989 3005 3136
  Utah 205 438 603 646 635 650 624 571
  Vermont 29 53 83 99 125 134 153 133
  Virginia 366 581 980 1039 1405 1507 1448 1547
  Washington (state) 555 850 979 1094 1102 1169 1164 1259
  West Virginia 75 184 627 725 884 974 856 870
  Wisconsin 212 518 853 878 1074 1177 1079 1201
  Wyoming 20 26 109 96 99 69 66 79


Overdose death rates and totals by drugEdit

Concerning the data in the charts below (in this section and the following sections) deaths from the various drugs add up to more than the yearly overdose death total because multiple drugs are involved in many of the deaths.[4]

 
US yearly overdose deaths, and the drugs involved.[4]

Opioid overdose death rates and totalsEdit

Of the 70,200 overdose deaths in the US in 2017, opioids were involved in 47,600.[4] This is an increase from 2016 where over 64,000 died from drug overdose, and opioids were involved in over 42,000.[9] In 2017, the five states with the highest rates of death due to drug overdose were West Virginia (57.8 per 100,000), Ohio (46.3 per 100,000), Pennsylvania (44.3 per 100,000), Kentucky (37.2 per 100,000), and New Hampshire (37.0 per 100,000).[7]

 
U.S. overdose deaths involving all opioids. Deaths per 100,000 population.[10]

Overdose death rates by race and ethnicityEdit

 
Timeline of US drug overdose death rates by race and ethnicity.[11] Rate per 100,000 population.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fentanyl. Image 4 of 17. US DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration).
  2. ^ a b Data is from these saved tables from CDC Wonder at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics:
  3. ^ Products - Vital Statistics Rapid Release - Provisional Drug Overdose Data. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Scroll down the page and click on the dropdown data table called "Data Table for Figure 1a. 12 Month-ending Provisional Counts of Drug Overdose Deaths". The number used is the "predicted value" for the 12 month period that is ending in that month. That number changes as more info comes in.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Overdose Death Rates. By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
  5. ^ National Center for Health Statistics. "Provisional Counts of Drug Overdose Deaths, as of 8/6/2017" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source lists US totals for 2015 and 2016 and statistics by state.
  6. ^ Timeline bar chart with 2016 number of deaths in the US from opioids. Originally at Overdose Death Rates. By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  7. ^ a b Drug Overdose Deaths. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Click on a map year. The data table is below the map. Number of deaths for each state, and the age-adjusted rates of death for each state. Also, place cursor on map states to get data.
  8. ^ a b Drug Overdose Mortality by State. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
  9. ^ National Center for Health Statistics. "Provisional Counts of Drug Overdose Deaths, as of 8/6/2017" (PDF). United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Source lists US totals for 2015 and 2016 and statistics by state.
  10. ^ Opioid Data Analysis and Resources. Drug Overdose. CDC Injury Center. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Click on "Rising Rates" tab for a graph. See data table below the graph.
  11. ^ NCHS Data Visualization Gallery - Drug Poisoning Mortality. From National Center for Health Statistics. Open the dashboard dropdown menu and pick "U.S. Trends". From the menus on the right pick all races, all ages, and both sexes. Run your cursor over the graph to see the data.

Further readingEdit

Classification