United States at the 1968 Summer Paralympics

The United States competed at the 1968 Summer Paralympics in Tel Aviv, Israel from November 4 to 13, 1968.[1] The team finished first out of the twenty-eight competing nations in the medal table and won ninety-nine medals: thirty-three gold, twenty-seven silver and thirty-nine bronze.[2] Eighty-two American athletes took part; fifty-three men and twenty-nine women.[3][n 1]

United States at the
1968 Summer Paralympics
Flag of the United States.svg
IPC codeUSA
NPCUnited States Paralympic Committee
Websitewww.teamusa.org/US-Paralympics
in Tel Aviv
Competitors82 in 9 sports
Medals
Ranked 1st
Gold
33
Silver
27
Bronze
39
Total
99
Summer Paralympics appearances (overview)

Ed Owen won medals in six different sports; nine golds and a bronze in athletics, two golds in swimming and a silver in wheelchair basketball.[4][5]

Disability classificationsEdit

The Paralympics groups athletes' disabilities into one of five disability categories; amputation, the condition may be congenital or sustained through injury or illness; cerebral palsy; wheelchair athletes, there is often overlap between this and other categories; visual impairment, including blindness; Les autres, any physical disability that does not fall strictly under one of the other categories, for example dwarfism or multiple sclerosis.[6][7] Each Paralympic sport then has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition. Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing.[8]

MedalistsEdit

The following United States athletes won medals at the Games;[9]

Medal Name Sport Event
  Gold Arballo Archery Men's St. Nicholas round paraplegic
  Gold Classon
Reno Levis
O'Donnell
Archery Men's Columbia round team open
  Gold Geissinger
Kelderhouse
Klemens
Archery Men's Albion round team open
  Gold Branum
Chess
Gary Odorowski
Roman
Athletics Men's 4x40 m relay open
  Gold E. Cox
C. Giesse
Keyser
Stratman
Athletics Women's 4x40 m relay open
  Gold C. Geisse Athletics Women's 60 m wheelchair A
  Gold C. Giesse Athletics Women's slalom A
  Gold Rosalie Hixson Athletics Women's javelin throw B
  Gold Kirn Athletics Women's javelin throw A
  Gold Kirn Athletics Women's shot put A
  Gold Gary Odorowski Athletics Men's 100 m wheelchair C
  Gold Ed Owen Athletics Men's club throw special class
  Gold Ed Owen Athletics Men's discus throw special class
  Gold Ed Owen Athletics Men's pentathlon special class
  Gold Ed Owen Athletics Men's shot put special class
  Gold Roman Athletics Men's Novices 60 m wheelchair Dash C
  Gold H. Smith Athletics Men's club throw C
  Gold H. Smith Athletics Men's pentathlon incomplete
  Gold David Williamson Athletics Men's javelin throw B
  Gold Geissinger
Kelderhouse
Dartchery Mixed Pairs open
  Gold Ailes Swimming Women's 50 m breaststroke class 4 complete
  Gold Ailes Swimming Women's 50 m freestyle class 4 complete
  Gold Branum Swimming Men's 100 m freestyle open
  Gold Chrysler Swimming Men's 50 m backstroke class 3 complete
  Gold Chrysler Swimming Men's 50 m freestyle class 3 complete
  Gold Crase Swimming Men's 25 m breaststroke class 1 complete
  Gold Foust Swimming Men's 50 m freestyle class 4 complete
  Gold Gorman Swimming Women's 25 m breaststroke class 1 complete
  Gold Kaminski Swimming Women's 50 m backstroke class 4 complete
  Gold Moore Swimming Women's 25 m freestyle class 1 complete
  Gold Ed Owen Swimming Men's 100 m breaststroke open
  Gold Ed Owen Swimming Men's 50 m breaststroke special class
  Gold Dunn
McNichol
Table tennis Men's doubles A1
  Silver Reno Levis Archery Men's Columbia round open
  Silver Soulek Archery Women's Columbia round open
  Silver Webb Archery Women's Albion round open
  Silver Branum Athletics Men's 100 m wheelchair C
  Silver Branum Athletics Men's pentathlon special class
  Silver Cameron Athletics Men's javelin throw special class
  Silver Demorest Athletics Men's discus throw special class
  Silver Gianino Athletics Men's slalom cervical class
  Silver Gurman Athletics Women's slalom cervical class
  Silver Keyser Athletics Women's 60 m wheelchair C
  Silver Kirn Athletics Women's 60 m wheelchair A
  Silver H. Smith Athletics Men's discus throw C
  Silver David Williamson Athletics Men's 100 m wheelchair B
  Silver David Williamson Athletics Men's club throw B
  Silver Rosalie Hixson
Marilyn Warren Woods
Lawn bowls Women's Pairs
  Silver Soulek Lawn bowls Women's singles
  Silver Branum Swimming Men's 50 m backstroke special class
  Silver Cornett Swimming Women's 25 m freestyle class 2 complete
  Silver Crase Swimming Men's 25 m freestyle class 1 complete
  Silver Gorman Swimming Women's 25 m backstroke class 1 complete
  Silver Gorman Swimming Women's 25 m freestyle class 1 complete
  Silver Moore Swimming Women's 25 m breaststroke class 1 complete
  Silver Moore Swimming Women's 25 m freestyle class 2 incomplete
  Silver Pollock Swimming Men's 50 m freestyle class 4 incomplete
  Silver Soulek Swimming Women's 25 m backstroke class 2 complete
  Silver Vincent Swimming Men's 25 m backstroke class 2 complete
  Silver Wheelchair basketball Men
  Bronze Cornett Archery Women's Columbia round open
  Bronze Geissinger
Kelderhouse
Klemens
Archery Men's FITA round team open
  Bronze Klemens Archery Men's Albion round open
  Bronze Moore Archery Women's St. Nicholas round paraplegic
  Bronze Webb Archery Women's FITA round open
  Bronze Arballo Athletics Men's discus throw C
  Bronze Bindley Athletics Women's discus throw B
  Bronze Cameron Athletics Men's club throw special class
  Bronze Chrysler Athletics Men's shot put C
  Bronze Cornett Athletics Women's 60 m wheelchair A
  Bronze Cornett Athletics Women's pentathlon complete
  Bronze Cornett Athletics Women's slalom A
  Bronze Dunn Athletics Men's slalom cervical class
  Bronze Feltes Athletics Men's Novices 60 m wheelchair Dash C
  Bronze Rosalie Hixson Athletics Women's Precision javelin throw open
  Bronze Rosalie Hixson Athletics Women's shot put B
  Bronze Kirn Athletics Women's club throw A
  Bronze Kirn Athletics Women's discus throw A
  Bronze Reno Levis Athletics Men's javelin throw C
  Bronze Reno Levis Athletics Men's Precision javelin throw open
  Bronze Ed Owen Athletics Men's javelin throw special class
  Bronze Rosalie Hixson Lawn bowls Women's singles
  Bronze Lionetti Lawn bowls Men's singles
  Bronze C. Sandglass
Vincent
Lawn bowls Men's Pairs
  Bronze Swimming Men's 3x50 m medley relay open
  Bronze Branum Swimming Men's 3x25 m individual medley open
  Bronze Cornett Swimming Women's 25 m breaststroke class 2 complete
  Bronze Dunn Swimming Men's 25 m backstroke class 1 complete
  Bronze Fiorello Swimming Men's 50 m backstroke class 3 incomplete
  Bronze Stratman Swimming Women's 50 m backstroke class 5 (cauda equina)
  Bronze Vincent Swimming Men's 25 m breaststroke class 2 complete
  Bronze Vincent Swimming Men's 25 m freestyle class 2 complete
  Bronze Crase
Donaldson
Table tennis Men's doubles A1
  Bronze Gorman
Moore
Table tennis Women's doubles A2
  Bronze McNichol Table tennis Men's singles A1
  Bronze Moore Table tennis Women's singles A1
  Bronze Jensen Weightlifting Men's Middleweight
  Bronze Rossini Weightlifting Men's Heavyweight
  Bronze Wheelchair basketball Women

DartcheryEdit

The only dartchery event at the Games was the mixed pairs event which took a knockout format. The United States was represented by Geissinger and Kelderhouse; the pair beat athletes from Jamaica, Italy and Australia to set up a semi-final meeting with Tanaka and Matsumoto of Japan. The Americans won the match and went on to defeat a second Australian pair in the final round to win the gold medal.[10]

Wheelchair basketballEdit

America entered teams in both the men's and women's wheelchair basketball events and won medals in each. The women's event took the form of a single pool stage with medals awarded to the top three teams. The USA team won two matches and lost two matches, scoring 31 points and conceding 30, to finish in third place and take the bronze medal.[11] The men's event featured a pool stage followed by a knockout competition. The USA men beat Great Britain and the Switzerland and Germany to advance to the quarterfinals. They then beat Argentina and Great Britain again to reach the gold medal match. Facing the hosts Israel, USA lost 47–37 and had to settle for the silver medals.[12]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Data is taken from the International Paralympic Committee website and is based on information contained/sourced in the original hardcopy final results publications. Some information from earlier Paralympic Games (i.e. 1960 – 1984) is incomplete and is missing first names of some athletes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Paralympic Games History – Summer". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  2. ^ "Medal Standings Tel Aviv 1968 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Participation Numbers Tel Aviv 1968 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Tel Aviv 1968". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Ed Owen". Paralympic.org. International Paralympic Committee.
  6. ^ "Paralympics categories explained". ABC. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Making sense of the categories". BBC Sport. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  8. ^ "A-Z of Paralympic classification". BBC Sport. 28 August 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  9. ^ United States at the Paralympics on paralympic.org
  10. ^ "Results Tel Aviv 1968 Paralympic Games Dartchery Mixed Pairs open". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Results Tel Aviv 1968 Paralympic Games Wheelchair Basketball Women". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  12. ^ "Results Tel Aviv 1968 Paralympic Games Wheelchair Basketball Men". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 18 May 2011.