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1982 United States Senate elections

The 1982 United States Senate elections were held on November 2, 1982. They were elections for the United States Senate following Republican gains in 1980. A total of four seats changed hands between parties, and the lone independent, Senator Harry Byrd Jr., retired. Democrats made a net gain of one seat in the elections. A special election was held in Washington state in 1983.

1982 United States Senate elections

← 1980 November 2, 1982 1984 →

33 of the 100 seats (Class 1) in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Howard Baker photo.jpg Robert C. Byrd – 1977.jpg
Leader Howard Baker Robert Byrd
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 5, 1980 January 3, 1977
Leader's seat Tennessee West Virginia
Seats before 54 45
Seats after 54 46
Seat change Steady Increase 1
Popular vote 22,412,928 27,899,651
Percentage 43.4% 54.1%
Swing Decrease 1.3% Increase 2.5%
Seats up 13 19
Races won 13 20

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Seats before 1
Seats after 0
Seat change Decrease 1
Seats up 1
Races won 0

1982 Senate election map.svg
Results of November 1982 elections
     Democratic gain      Democratic hold
     Republican gain      Republican hold

Majority Leader before election

Howard Baker
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Howard Baker
Republican

Results summaryEdit

Parties Total Seats Popular Vote
1980 1982 +/- Vote %
Democratic 46 46   27,899,651 54.08%
Republican 53 54   1 22,412,928 43.44%
Libertarian Party 0 0   291,576 0.57%
Others 1 0   1 985,840 1.91%
Total 100 100   51,589,995 100.0%

Source: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk

46 54
Democratic Republican

Gains and lossesEdit

Incumbents Howard Cannon of Nevada and Harrison Schmitt of New Mexico lost seats to the opposite party.

The open seat in Virginia that had been held by independent Harry F. Byrd Jr. was taken by a Republican.

The open seat in New Jersey that was held by an appointed Republican was taken by a Democrat.

Change in compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27
Ariz.
Ran
D28
Fla.
Ran
D29
Hawaii
Ran
D30
Maine
Ran
D40
Ohio
Ran
D39
N.D.
Ran
D38
N.Y.
Ran
D37
Nev.
Ran
D36
Neb.
Ran
D35
Mont.
Ran
D34
Miss.
Ran
D33
Mich.
Ran
D32
Mass.
Ran
D31
Md.
Ran
D41
Tenn.
Ran
D42
Texas
Ran
D43
Wash.
Ran
D44
W.Va.
Ran
D45
Wis.
Ran
I1
Va.
Retired
R54
N.J.
Retired
R53
Calif.
Retired
R52
Wyo.
Ran
R51
Vt.
Ran
Majority →
R41 R42
Conn.
Ran
R43
Del.
Ran
R44
Ind.
Ran
R45
Minn.
Ran
R46
Mo.
Ran
R47
N.M.
Ran
R48
Pa.
Ran
R49
R.I.
Ran
R50
Utah
Ran
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27
Ariz.
Re-elected
D28
Fla.
Re-elected
D29
Hawaii
Re-elected
D30
Maine
Re-elected
D40
Tenn.
Re-elected
D39
Ohio
Re-elected
D38
N.D.
Re-elected
D37
N.Y.
Re-elected
D36
Neb.
Re-elected
D35
Mont.
Re-elected
D34
Miss.
Re-elected
D33
Mich.
Re-elected
D32
Mass.
Re-elected
D31
Md.
Re-elected
D41
Texas
Re-elected
D42
Wash.
Re-elected
D43
W.Va.
Re-elected
D44
Wis.
Re-elected
D45
N.J.
Gain
D46
N.M.
Gain
R54
Va.
Gain
R53
Nev.
Gain
R52
Calif.
Hold
R51
Wyo.
Re-elected
Majority →
R41 R42
Conn.
Re-elected
R43
Del.
Re-elected
R44
Ind.
Re-elected
R45
Minn.
Re-elected
R46
Mo.
Re-elected
R47
Pa.
Re-elected
R48
R.I.
Re-elected
R49
Utah
Re-elected
R50
Vt.
Re-elected
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
I# Independent

Race summariesEdit

Special electionsEdit

There were no special elections during 1982.

Elections leading to the next CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1983; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Dennis DeConcini Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
California S. I. Hayakawa Republican 1976
1977 (Appointed)
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Connecticut Lowell P. Weicker Jr. Republican 1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Delaware William Roth Republican 1970
1971 (Appointed)
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Florida Lawton Chiles Democratic 1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Hawaii Spark Matsunaga Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana Richard Lugar Republican 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine George J. Mitchell Democratic 1980 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected.
Maryland Paul Sarbanes Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy Democratic 1962 (Special)
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan Donald W. Riegle Jr. Democratic 1976
1976 (Appointed)
Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota David Durenberger Republican 1978 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi John C. Stennis Democratic 1947 (Special)
1952
1958
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri John Danforth Republican 1976
1976 (Appointed)
Incumbent re-elected.
Montana John Melcher Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska Edward Zorinsky Democratic 1976
1976 (Appointed)
Incumbent re-elected.
Nevada Howard Cannon Democratic 1958
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
New Jersey Nicholas F. Brady Republican 1982 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Incumbent resigned December 20, 1976 to give successor preferential seniority.
Winner appointed December 27, 1976.
New Mexico Harrison Schmitt Republican 1976 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
New York Daniel Patrick Moynihan Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
North Dakota Quentin N. Burdick Democratic 1960 (Special)
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio Howard Metzenbaum Democratic 1974 (Appointed)
1974 (Lost)
1974 (Resigned)
1976
1976 (Appointed)
Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania H. John Heinz III Republican 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island John Chafee Republican 1976
1976 (Appointed)
Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee Jim Sasser Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas Lloyd Bentsen Democratic 1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Utah Orrin Hatch Republican 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont Robert Stafford Republican 1971 (Appointed)
1972 (Special)
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia Harry F. Byrd Jr. Independent 1965 (Appointed)
1966 (Special)
1970
1976
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Washington Henry M. Jackson Democratic 1952
1958
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia Robert Byrd Democratic 1958
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin William Proxmire Democratic 1957 (Special)
1958
1964
1970
1976
Incumbent re-elected.
Wyoming Malcolm Wallop Republican 1976 Incumbent re-elected.

ArizonaEdit

Arizona election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Dennis DeConcini Pete Dunn
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 411,970 291,749
Percentage 56.9% 40.3%

 
U.S. Senate election results map.
Blue denotes counties won by DeConcini.
Red denotes those won by Dunn.

U.S. Senator before election

Dennis DeConcini
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Dennis DeConcini
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Dennis DeConcini won re-election to a second term over Republican Pete Dunn, State Representative.

General election results[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Dennis DeConcini (Incumbent) 411,970 56.91 +2.90%
Republican Peter Dunn 291,749 40.30 -3.04%
Libertarian Randall Clamons 20,100 2.78 +1.79%
Write-ins 66 0.01
Majority 120,221 16.61 +5.94%
Turnout 723,885
Democratic hold Swing

CaliforniaEdit

California election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Pete Wilson Jerry Brown
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 4,022,565 3,494,968
Percentage 51.4% 44.8%

U.S. Senator before election

S. I. Hayakawa
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Pete Wilson
Republican

Incumbent Republican S. I. Hayakawa decided to retire after one term. Republican Pete Wilson, Mayor of San Diego and former Assemblyman, won the open seat over Democratic Governor Jerry Brown.

Wilson was known as a fiscal conservative who supported Proposition 13, although Wilson had opposed the measure while mayor of San Diego. However, Brown ran on his gubernatorial record of building the largest state budget surpluses in California history. Both Wilson and Brown were moderate-to-liberal on social issues, including support for abortion rights. The election was expected to be close, with Brown holding a slim lead in most of the polls leading up to Election Day. Wilson hammered away at Brown's appointment of California Chief Justice Rose Bird, using this to portray himself as tougher on crime than Brown was. Brown's late entry into the 1980 Democratic presidential primary, after promising not to run, was also an issue. President Ronald Reagan made a number of visits to California late in the race to campaign for Wilson. Reagan quipped that the last thing he wanted to see was one of his home state's U.S. Senate seats falling into Democrats' hands, especially to be occupied by the man who succeeded him as governor. Despite exit polls indicating a narrow Brown victory, Wilson won by a wide margin.

General election results[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete Wilson 4,022,565 51.5
Democratic Jerry Brown 3,494,968 44.8
Libertarian Joseph Fuhrig 107,720 1.4
Peace and Freedom David Wald 96,388 1.2
American Independent Theresa Dietrich 83,809 1.1
Independent Thomas Kendall (Write In) 36 0.0
Independent Ben Leonik (Write In) 34 0.0
Majority 527,597 6.7
Turnout 7,805,520
Republican hold

ConnecticutEdit

Connecticut election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Lowell Weicker Toby Moffett
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 545,987 499,146
Percentage 50.4% 46.1%

U.S. Senator before election

Lowell P. Weicker Jr.
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Lowell P. Weicker Jr.
Republican

Incumbent Republican Lowell P. Weicker Jr. won re-election to a third term over Democratic member of the House Toby Moffett.

General election results[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lowell Weicker (Incumbent) 545,987 50.4
Democratic Toby Moffett 499,146 46.1
Conservative Lucien DiFazio 30,212 2.8
Libertarian James Lewis 8,163 0.8
Majority 46,841 4.3
Turnout 1,083,508
Republican hold

DelawareEdit

Delaware election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Bill V. Roth David N. Levinson
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 105,357 84,413
Percentage 55.2% 44.2%

U.S. Senator before election

Bill V. Roth
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Bill V. Roth
Republican

Incumbent Republican Bill V. Roth won reelection to a third term over the state's Democratic Insurance Commissioner David N. Levinson.

General election results[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bill V. Roth (Incumbent) 105,357 55.17 -0.64%
Democratic David N. Levinson 84,413 44.20 +0.59%
Libertarian Lawrence Sullivan 653 0.34
American Independent Charles Baker 537 0.28 -0.01%
Majority 20,944 10.97 -1.23%
Turnout 190,960
Republican hold Swing

FloridaEdit

Florida election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Lawton Chiles Van B. Poole
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,637,667 1,015,330
Percentage 61.7% 38.3%

U.S. Senator before election

Lawton Chiles
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Lawton Chiles
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Lawton Chiles won re-election to a third term over Republican state senator Van B. Poole.

Democratic primary results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lawton Chiles 1,044,246 100.0
Republican primary results[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Van B. Poole 154,163 41.57
Republican David H. Bludworth 116,040 31.29
Republican George Snyder 100,609 27.13
Total votes 370,812 100
Republican primary runoff results[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Van B. Poole 131,655 58.08
Republican David H. Bludworth 95,035 41.92
Total votes 226,690 100
General election results[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Lawton Chiles 1,637,667 61.72 -1.26%
Republican Van B. Poole 1,015,330 38.26 +1.24%
Write-ins 422 0.02
Majority 622,337 23.45 -2.50%
Total votes 2,653,419 100
Democratic hold Swing

HawaiiEdit

Hawaii election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Spark Matsunaga Clarence Brown
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 245,386 52,071
Percentage 80.1% 17.0%

 
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Spark Matsunaga
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Spark Matsunaga
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Spark Matsunaga won re-election to a second term[6] over Republican Clarence Brown, a retired Foreign Service officer[7]

General election results[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (Incumbent) 245,386 80.1
Republican Clarence Brown 52,071 17.0
Independent Democrat E. Bernier-Nachtwey 8,953 2.9
Majority 193,315 63.1
Turnout 306,410
Democratic hold

IndianaEdit

Indiana election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Richard Lugar Floyd Fithian
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 978,301 828,400
Percentage 53.83 45.58

U.S. Senator before election

Richard Lugar
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Richard Lugar
Republican

Incumbent Republican Richard Lugar faced Democratic United States Representative Floyd Fithian in the general election. Lugar won with a margin of 54% of the vote, compared to Fithian's 46%.

After the 1980 Census, the Indiana General Assembly redistricted Indiana's congressional districts, pushing Democratic representative Floyd Fithian's district into more conservative territory.[9] After redistricting, Fithian, the three term incumbent of Indiana's 2nd congressional district, decided to run for Secretary of State of Indiana, but withdrew from the primary to ultimately run for the United States Senate.[10] He challenged fellow Democrat and one term Indiana State Senator Michael Kendall of Jasper, Indiana, who Fithian earlier encouraged to run for the Senate.[11] Kendall, who represented Indiana's 47th Senate district and formed the Notre Dame Students for Robert Kennedy organization during the 1968 presidential election,[12] was seen a young progressive alternative to Fithian, who he called the "ideological twin of Richard Lugar."[13] After the bitterly contested primary, Fithian prevailed over Kendall, winning with 59% of the vote.[14]

Democratic primary results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Floyd Fithian 262,644 59.51
Democratic Michael Kendall 178,702 40.49
Total votes 441,346 100

Incumbent United States Senator Richard Lugar won the republican nomination in an uncontested primary on May 4, 1982.[15]

Republican primary results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (Incumbent) 498,248 100
Total votes 498,248

In the general election, Lugar faced Fithian and American Party candidate Raymond James.[1]

On November 5, 1982, Lugar defeated Fithian and James in the general election, winning 74 of Indiana's 93 counties.[16]

Indiana election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (Incumbent) 978,301 53.83
Democratic Floyd Fithian 828,400 45.58
American

Raymond James 10,586 0.58
Majority 149,901 8.25
Turnout 1,817,287
Republican hold

MaineEdit

Maine election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George J. Mitchell (Incumbent) 279,819 60.87
Republican David F. Emery 179,882 39.13
None Write-Ins 14 0.00
Majority 99,937 21.74
Turnout 459,715
Democratic hold

MarylandEdit

Maryland election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Paul Sarbanes Lawrence Hogan
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 707,356 407,334
Percentage 63.46% 36.54%

U.S. Senator before election

Paul Sarbanes
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Paul Sarbanes
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Paul Sarbanes won re-election to a second term in office. He defeated the Republican former Representative from Maryland's 5th district and Prince George's County Executive Lawrence Hogan.[17]

Maryland election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Paul Sarbanes (Incumbent) 707,356 63.46
Republican Lawrence Hogan 407,334 36.54
Majority 300,022 26.92
Turnout 1,114,690
Democratic hold

MassachusettsEdit

Massachusetts election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Ted Kennedy Ray Shamie
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,247,084 784,602
Percentage 60.8% 38.3%

 
Results by town. Red indicates towns carried by Ray Shamie, blue indicates towns carried by Ted Kennedy.

U.S. Senator before election

Ted Kennedy
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ted Kennedy
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Ted Kennedy won re-election to his fourth full term over Republican Ray Shamie, a millionaire businessman and metalwork entrepreneur.

 
Results by county
General election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ted Kennedy (Incumbent) 1,247,084 60.81 -8.50
Republican Ray Shamie 784,602 38.26 +9.25
Libertarian Howard S. Katz 18,878 0.92 +0.92
All others 205 0.01 +0.00
Total votes 2,050,769 70.26%
Majority 462,482 22.55%
Democratic hold Swing

MichiganEdit

Michigan election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Donald W. Riegle Jr. (Incumbent) 1,728,793 57.74
Republican Philip E. Ruppe 1,223,288 40.85
Libertarian Bette Erwin 19,131 0.64
American Independent Daniel Eller 12,660 0.42
Workers League Helen Halyard 6.085 0.20
Socialist Workers Steve Beumer 4,335 0.14
None Write-Ins 42 0.00
Majority 505,505 16.89
Turnout 2,994,334
Democratic hold

MinnesotaEdit

Minnesota election
 
← 1978
1988 →
     
Nominee David Durenberger Mark Dayton
Party Independent-Republican Democratic–Farmer–Labor
Popular vote 949,207 840,401
Percentage 52.6% 46.6%

U.S. Senator before election

David Durenberger
Independent-Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

David Durenberger
Independent-Republican

Incumbent Republican David Durenberger won re-election to his first full term over Democratic businessman Mark Dayton.[18]

 
Dayton campaigning with former VP Walter Mondale.
General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Mark Dayton 359,014 69.06
Democratic Eugene McCarthy 125,229 24.09
Democratic Charles E. Pearson 19,855 3.82
Democratic William A. Branstner 15,754 3.03

Dayton, 35, self-financed his campaign. Married to a Rockefeller and heir to a department store, his net worth was an estimated $30 million. Durenberger, who in 1978 and won the special election to finish the term of the late Hubert Humphrey, was largely unknown. He was considered a moderate, but supported Reagan's tax cuts. Dayton ran against Reaganomics. He has also campaigned against tax breaks for the wealthy and even promised "to close tax loopholes for the rich and the corporations—and if you think that includes the Daytons, you're right."[19] By the end of September, the senate election already became the most expensive election of all-time, with over $8 million being spent. Dayton spent over $5 million,[20] while Durenberger spent over $2 million.[21]

General election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Durenberger (Incumbent) 949,207 52.60
Democratic Mark Dayton 840,401 46.57
Socialist Workers Bill Onasch 5,897 0.33
Libertarian Frederick Hewitt 5,870 0.33
New Union Party Jeffrey M. Miller 3,300 0.18
Majority 108,806 6.03
Turnout 1,804,675
Republican hold

MississippiEdit

Mississippi election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee John C. Stennis Haley Barbour
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 414,099 230,927
Percentage 64.2% 35.8%

U.S. Senator before election

John C. Stennis
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

John C. Stennis
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat John C. Stennis won re-election to his seventh term over Republican Haley Barbour, a political operative who campaigned for U.S. Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

General election results[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Stennis (Incumbent) 414,099 64.2
Republican Haley Barbour 230,927 35.8
Majority 184,172 28.4
Turnout 645,026
Democratic hold

MissouriEdit

Missouri election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee John Danforth Harriett Woods
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 784,876 758,629
Percentage 50.8% 49.2%

 
County Results

Danforth:      50-60%      60-70%

Woods:      50–60%      60-70%

U.S. Senator before election

John Danforth
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

John Danforth
Republican

Missouri election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Danforth (Incumbent) 784,876 50.85
Democratic Harriett Woods 758,629 49.15
None Write-Ins 16 0.00
Majority
Turnout 1,543,521
Republican hold

MontanaEdit

Montana election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee John Melcher Larry R. Williams
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 174,861 133,789
Percentage 54.46% 41.67%

U.S. Senator before election

John Melcher
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

John Melcher
Democratic

Incumbent John Melcher, who was first elected to the Senate in 1976, opted to run for re-election. He won the Democratic primary after he faced a tough intraparty challenger, and advanced to the general election, where he faced Larry R. Williams, an author and the Republican nominee, and Larry Dodge, the Libertarian nominee. Though his margin was reduced significantly from his initial election, Melcher still comfortably won re-election to his second and final term in the Senate.

During his first term in the Senate, Melcher's relative conservatism for a Democrat prompted a primary challenger in Michael Bond, a housing contractor who campaigned on his opposition to nuclear war. Bond attacked Melcher for voting to increase spending on nuclear arms, and pledged to reduce military spending to $60 billion and to use the savings to reduce interest rates.[23] During the campaign, Bond came under fire from the state branches of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the Disabled American Veterans for turning in his draft card in 1967 to protest the Vietnam War, who put out a statement, saying, "There is no place in the U.S. Senate for any draft dodger, draft card burner or draft protester of any kind."[24]

Democratic Party primary results[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jack Melcher (Incumbent) 83,539 68.27
Democratic Mike Bond 33,565 27.43
Total votes 122,369 100.00
Republican Primary results[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Larry Williams 49,615 88.11
Republican Willie Dee Morris 6,696 11.89
Total votes 56,311 100.00
Montana election[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Melcher (Incumbent) 174,861 54.46 -9.69%
Republican Larry Williams 133,789 41.67 +5.83%
Libertarian Larry Dodge 12,412 3.87
Majority 41,072 12.79 -15.52%
Turnout 321,062
Democratic hold Swing

NebraskaEdit

Nebraska election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Edward Zorinsky Jim Keck
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 363,350 155,760
Percentage 66.59% 28.55%

U.S. Senator before election

Edward Zorinsky
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Edward Zorinsky
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Edward Zorinsky won re-election.

1982 Nebraska U.S. Senate Election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward Zorinsky 363,350 66.59
Republican Jim Keck 155,760 28.55
Independent Virginia Walsh 26,443 4.85
None Write-Ins 94 0.02
Majority 207,590 38.04
Turnout 545,647
Democratic hold

NevadaEdit

Nevada election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Chic Hecht Howard Cannon
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 120,377 114,720
Percentage 50.1% 47.7%

 
U.S. Senate election results map.
Red denotes those won by Hecht.
Blue denotes counties won by Cannon.

U.S. Senator before election

Howard Cannon
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Chic Hecht
Republican

Incumbent Democrat Howard Cannon ran for re-election to a fifth term, but lost to Republican State Senator Chic Hecht.

General election results[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chic Hecht 120,377 50.1
Democratic Howard Cannon (Incumbent) 114,720 47.7
None of These Candidates 5,297 2.2
Majority 15,657 2.4
Turnout 240,394
Republican gain from Democratic

New JerseyEdit

New Jersey election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Frank Lautenberg Millicent Fenwick
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,117,549 1,047,626
Percentage 50.94% 47.75%

U.S. Senator before election

Nicholas F. Brady
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Frank Lautenberg
Democratic

Democrat Frank Lautenberg won for the seat held by retiring incumbent Republican Senator Nicholas Brady. Lautenberg won the seat with a margin of 3.19% over member of the House Millicent Fenwick.

Cresitello dropped out of the race on May 27 but remained on the June 8 primary ballot.[27]

Democratic Party primary results[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Lautenberg 104,666 25.97
Democratic Andrew Maguire 92,878 23.05
Democratic Joseph A. LeFante 81,440 20.21
Democratic Barbara Boggs Sigmund 45,708 11.34
Democratic Howard Rosen 28,427 7.05
Democratic Angelo Bianchi 17,684 4.39
Democratic Cyril Yannarelli 10,188 2.53
Democratic Frank Forst 9,563 2.37
Democratic Richard D. McAleer 8,110 2.01
Democratic Donald Cresitello 4,295 1.07
Total votes 402,959 100.00
Republican Party primary results[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Millicent Fenwick 193,683 54.28
Republican Jeff Bell 163,145 45.72
Total votes 356,828 100.00

The seat had been occupied by Democrat Harrison A. Williams, who resigned on March 11, 1982, after being implicated in the Abscam scandal. After Williams' resignation, Republican Governor Thomas Kean appointed Republican Nicholas F. Brady to the seat. Brady served in the Senate through the primary and general elections but did not run for the seat himself.

In the general election, Lautenberg faced popular Republican member of the House Millicent Fenwick. She ran on a very progressive platform and polls in the Summer of 1982 put her ahead by 18 points. Even Lautenberg quipped that she was "the most popular candidate in the country."[29] Lautenberg spent more of his own money, eventually out-spending Fenwick two-to-one. He emphasised President Reagan's unpopularity, reminded the voters that she would be a vote for a Republican majority in the Senate and called Fenwick, who was 72, "eccentric" and "erratic" but denied that he was referring to her age.[29][30] He did however point out that she would be almost 80 at the end of her first term and was therefore unlikely to gain much seniority in the Senate.[29] Coincidentally, the age issue would be used against Lautenberg in his own re-election bid in 2008.

Lautenberg won by 51% to 48%, in what was considered a major upset.[29] Brady, who had just a few days left in his appointed term, resigned on December 27, 1982, allowing Lautenberg to take office several days before the traditional swearing-in of senators, which gave him an edge in seniority over the other freshman senators.

General election results[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Lautenberg 1,117,549 50.94
Republican Millicent Fenwick 1,047,626 47.75
Libertarian Henry Koch 9,934 0.45
Socialist Labor Julius Levin 5,580 0.25
Independent Martin E. Wendelken 4,745 0.22
Socialist Workers Claire Moriarty 3,726 0.17
Grassroots Robert T. Bastien 2,955 0.14
Repeal TF 807 Rose Zeidwerg Monyek 1,830 0.08
Majority 69.923 3.19
Turnout 2,193,945 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

New MexicoEdit

New Mexico election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Jeff Bingaman Harrison Schmitt
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 217,682 187,128
Percentage 53.8% 46.2%

 
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Harrison Schmitt
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Jeff Bingaman
Democratic

Incumbent Republican Harrison Schmitt was running for re-election to a second term, but lost to Democrat Jeff Bingaman, Attorney General of New Mexico.

New Mexico election[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jeff Bingaman 217,682 53.77 +11.07%
Republican Harrison Schmitt (Incumbent) 187,128 46.23 -10.59%
Majority 30,554 7.55 -6.57%
Turnout 404,810
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

New YorkEdit

New York election
 
← 1976
1988 →
   
Nominee Pat Moynihan Florence Sullivan
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 3,232,146 1,696,766
Percentage 65.1% 34.2%

 
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Pat Moynihan
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Pat Moynihan
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Daniel Patrick Moynihan won re-election to a second term over Republican Assemblywoman Florence Sullivan.

General election results[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Daniel Patrick Moynihan (Incumbent) 3,232,146 65.1
Republican Florence Sullivan 1,696,766 34.2
Libertarian James J. McKeown 23,379 0.5
Socialist Workers Steven Wattenmaker 15,206 0.5
None Write-Ins 232 0.0
Majority 1,535,380 30.9
Turnout 4,967,729
Democratic hold

North DakotaEdit

The incumbent, North Dakota Democratic NPL Party (Dem-NPL) Quentin Burdick, sought and received re-election to his fifth term, defeating Republican candidate Gene Knorr.[1]

Only Burdick filed as a Dem-NPLer, and the endorsed Republican candidate was cattle rancher Gene Knorr. Burdick and Knorr won the primary elections for their respective parties. Burdick's campaign was known for employing more television advertisement spending when compared with his campaigns in the past, as well as making several negative portrayals. Knorr had the support of Vice President George H. W. Bush, who campaigned in state to support his candidacy. The election was also noted as the first where Burdick's age began to become an issue. Burdick, who was 74 during the year of the election, faced a much younger Knorr, who was 41. At one point, Burdick challenged Knorr to a fistfight to prove his vitality; but the challenge, assumed to be a joke, never occurred. After being defeated, Knorr moved to Washington, D.C., where he took the position of staff vice president with Philip Morris International.

One independent candidate, Anna B. Bourgois, also filed before the deadline, running under her self-created party titled God, Family, and Country. Bourgois would later run for North Dakota's other United States Senate seat as an independent in 1986, challenging Mark Andrews. She received over 8,000 votes in the election, which is rather high for an independent. Some attribute her large number of votes to the name of her party – which was based on things that North Dakotans valued. Despite the result, Bourgois' campaign still had little impact on the outcome.

North Dakota election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Quentin Burdick (Incumbent) 164,873 62.84
Republican Gene Knorr 89,304 34.03
Independent Anna B. Bourgois 8,288 3.13
Majority
Turnout 262,465
Democratic hold

Prior to the 1982 Senate campaign, Knorr had been working in Washington, DC since 1970 when he worked for the Department of Treasury. He began working in Washington, DC, residing in McLean, Virginia after receiving a Juris Doctorate from Northwestern University where he was celebrated in debate. From Treasury, he worked as a lobbyist with Charls E. Walker Associates.

OhioEdit

Ohio election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Howard M. Metzenbaum (Incumbent) 1,923,767 56.66
Republican Paul E. Pfeifer 1,396,790 41.14
Independent Alicia Merel 38,803 1.14
Libertarian Philip Herzing 36,103 1.06
Majority 526,977 15.52
Turnout 3,395,463
Democratic hold

PennsylvaniaEdit

Pennsylvania election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee John Heinz Cyril Wecht
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 2,136,418 1,412,965
Percentage 59.3% 39.2%

 
County results

U.S. Senator before election

H. John Heinz III
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

H. John Heinz III
Republican

Incumbent Republican H. John Heinz III successfully sought re-election to another term, defeating Democratic nominee Cyril Wecht, member of the Allegheny County Board of Commissioners.

John Heinz's Democratic opponent in the 1982 election was Allegheny County commissioner and former coroner Cyril Wecht, who lacked significant name recognition outside of Pittsburgh, his home town. Although the 1982 elections were a setback nationally for incumbent President Ronald Reagan and the Republican Party, neither Heinz nor incumbent Republican governor Dick Thornburgh, who was also up for re-election in 1982, were challenged by Democrats with statewide prominence. Wecht ran a low-budget campaign lacking the assets to boost his name recognition; the Philadelphia Inquirer ran a headline dubbing the race "The Race for Senator No One Seemed to Notice."[33] Despite this, Heinz ran a cautious campaign, running as a moderate due to Pennsylvania's unemployment, 11%, one of the highest in the nation at the time, as well as the declining health of Pennsylvania's coal mining, manufacturing and steel industries. In the end, Heinz won the election by a wide margin, winning 59.3% of the popular vote. Wecht won 39.2% of the popular vote.[33]

General election results[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican H. John Heinz III (Incumbent) 2,136,418 59.28 +6.89%
Democratic Cyril Wecht 1,412,965 39.20 -7.59%
Libertarian Barbara I. Karkutt 19,244 0.53 +0.53%
Socialist Workers William H. Thomas 18,951 0.53 +0.41%
Consumer Liane Norman 16,530 0.46 +0.46%
Majority 723,453 20.08 +14.48%
Turnout 3,604,108
Republican hold Swing

Rhode IslandEdit

Rhode Island election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee John Chafee Julius C. Michaelson
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 175,495 167,283
Percentage 51% 49%

 
County results

U.S. Senator before election

John Chafee
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

John Chafee
Republican

Incumbent Republican John Chafee successfully sought re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Julius C. Michaelson, former Attorney General of Rhode Island.

Democratic primary results[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Julius C. Michaelson 56,800 82.37
Democratic Helen E. Flynn 12,159 17.63
Majority 44,641 64.74
Total votes 68,959 100.00
General election results[35][1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chafee (Incumbent) 175,495 51.20
Democratic Julius C. Michaelson 167,283 48.80
Majority 8,212 2.40
Total votes 342,778 100.00
Republican hold

TennesseeEdit

Tennessee election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Jim Sasser Robin Beard
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 780,113 479,642
Percentage 61.93% 38.07%

Senator before election

Jim Sasser
Democratic

Elected Senator

Jim Sasser
Democratic

Democrat Jim Sasser was re-elected with 61.93% of the vote, over Republican Robin Beard, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

General election results[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Sasser (Incumbent) 780,113 61.93
Republican Robin Beard 479,642 38.07
Majority 1,259,755
Turnout 300,471 23.86
Democratic hold

TexasEdit

Democrat incumbent, Lloyd Bentsen, won re-election.

Texas election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lloyd Bentsen (Incumbent) 1,818,223 58.59
Republican Jim Collins 1,256,759 40.50
Libertarian John E. Ford 23,494 0.76
Citizens Lineaus Hooper Lorette 4,564 0.15
None Write-Ins 127 0.00
Majority 561,464 18.09
Turnout 3,103,167
Democratic hold

UtahEdit

Utah election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Orrin Hatch Ted Wilson
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 309,332 219,482
Percentage 58.28% 41.35%

U.S. Senator before election

Orrin Hatch
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Orrin Hatch
Republican

Orrin Hatch won re-election

Utah election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Orrin Hatch (Incumbent) 309,332 58.28
Democratic Ted Wilson 219,482 41.35
Libertarian George Mercier 1,035 0.19
American

Lawrence R. Kauffman 953 0.19
Majority 89,850 16.93
Turnout 530,802
Republican hold

VermontEdit

Vermont election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Robert Stafford James A. Guest
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 84,450 79,340
Percentage 50.3% 47.2%

U.S. Senator before election

Robert Stafford
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Robert Stafford
Republican

Incumbent Republican Robert Stafford successfully ran for re-election to another term in the United States Senate, defeating Democratic candidate James A. Guest.

Republican primary results[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert Stafford (Incumbent) 26,323 46.2
Republican Stewart M. Ledbetter 19,743 34.7
Republican John McClaughry 10,692 18.8
Republican Other 162 0.3
Total votes '65,920' '100'
Democratic primary results[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James A. Guest 11,352 67.1
Democratic Thomas E. McGregor 3,749 22.2
Democratic Earl S. Gardner 1,281 7.6
Democratic Other 536 3.2
Total votes '16,918' '100'
Vermont election[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert Stafford (Incumbent) 84,450 50.3
Democratic James A. Guest 79,340 47.2
Independent Michael Edward Hackett 1,463 1.0
Independent Ion Laskaris 897 0.5
Libertarian Bo Adlerbert 892 0.5
N/A Other 961 0.6
Total votes 168,003 '100'
Majority 5,109 3.0
Republican hold

VirginiaEdit

Virginia election
 
← 1976
1988 →
Turnout35.7% (voting eligible)[39]
     
Nominee Paul Trible Dick Davis
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 724,571 690,839
Percentage 51.2% 48.8%

 
U.S. Senate election results map. Red denotes counties/districts won by Trible. Blue denotes those won by Davis.

U.S. Senator before election

Harry F. Byrd Jr.
Independent

Elected U.S. Senator

Paul Trible
Republican

U.S. Representative from Virginia's 1st district, Paul Trible replaced Independent Senator Harry F. Byrd Jr., who was stepping down after three terms. He beat Democratic Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, Richard Joseph Davis.

Virginia election[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Paul Trible 724,571 51.18 +51.18%
Democratic Dick Davis 690,839 48.80 +10.53%
Write-ins 212 0.01
Majority 33,732 2.38 -16.55%
Turnout 1,415,622
Republican gain from Independent Swing

WashingtonEdit

Washington election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Henry M. Jackson (Incumbent) 943,655 68.96
Republican Doug Jewett 332,273 24.28
Independent King Lysen 72,297 5.28
Independent Jesse Chiang 20,251 1.48
Majority 611,382 44.68
Turnout 1,368,476
Democratic hold

West VirginiaEdit

West Virginia election
 
← 1976
1988 →
     
Nominee Robert Byrd Cleve Benedict
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 387,170 173,910
Percentage 68.5% 30.8%

U.S. Senator before election

Robert Byrd
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Robert Byrd
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Robert Byrd won re-election to a fifth term over Republican Cleve Benedict, a freshman member of the House.

Benedict made great note of Byrd's record of high office in the Ku Klux Klan, his avoidance of service in World War II, and the fact that Byrd, then alone among members of Congress, owned no home in the state he represented. His campaign represented the last serious and well-funded effort to unseat Byrd, spending $1,098,218. Byrd was Minority Leader at the time.

General election[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Robert Byrd (Incumbent) 387,170 68.5
Republican Cleve Benedict 173,910 30.8
Majority 213,260 37.7
Turnout 565,314
Democratic hold

WisconsinEdit

Wisconsin election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William Proxmire (Incumbent) 983,311 63.65
Republican Scott McCallum 527,355 34.14
Wis. Labor-Farm William Osborne Hart 21,807 1.41
Libertarian George Liljenfeldt 7,947 0.51
Constitution Sanford G. Knapp 4,463 0.29
Majority 455,956 29.51
Turnout 1,544,883
Democratic hold

WyomingEdit

Wyoming election[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Malcolm Wallop (Incumbent) 94,725 56.66
Democratic Rodger McDaniel 72,466 43.34
Majority 22,259 13.32
Turnout 167,191
Republican hold

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Clerk of the United States House of Representatives (1983). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982" (PDF). United States Government Printing Office.
  2. ^ "CA US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  3. ^ "CT US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "HI US Senate Race - Nov 08, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  7. ^ "Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  8. ^ "HI US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  9. ^ "Floyd Fithian, 76; Congressman, Farmer, Purdue Professor". latimes.com. July 4, 2003. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  10. ^ "Floyd James Fithian Commander, United States Navy Member of Congress". arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  11. ^ Associated Press (May 5, 1982). "Senate Candidates Chosen in Indiana". Toledo Blade. news.google.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  12. ^ Ray E. Boomhower (February 27, 2008). Robert F. Kennedy and the 1968 Indiana Primary. Indiana University Press. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  13. ^ "Senate Candidates Chosen in Indiana". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. May 5, 1982. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  14. ^ "IN US Senate- D Primary". ourcampaigns.com. June 13, 2005. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  15. ^ Monica Davey (April 17, 2012). "Once Every 36 Years, Primary Fight for Indiana Senator". nytimes.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  16. ^ "IN US Senate". ourcampaigns.com. June 15, 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  17. ^ http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe1982/federalelections82.pdf
  18. ^ "MN US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  19. ^ "Senators: Questions About Campaign Spending". TIME. September 27, 1982. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  20. ^ "Lodi News-Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  21. ^ "The Milwaukee Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  22. ^ "MS US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  23. ^ "Melcher Faces Difficult Test in Montana's Senate Primary". The New York Times. June 6, 1982. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  24. ^ "Vets ask draft-protesting candidate to call it quits". The Spokesman-Review. May 31, 1982. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  25. ^ a b "Report of the Official Canvass of the Vote Cast at the Primary Election Held in the State of Montana, June 1, 1976". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  26. ^ "NV US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  27. ^ "Cresitello Quits Jersey Senate Race". The New York Times. May 28, 1982. Retrieved June 25, 2016. TRENTON, May 27— Former Mayor Donald Cresitello of Morristown withdrew today from the race for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator and endorsed former Representative Joseph A. LeFante of Bayonne.
  28. ^ a b "Republican and Democratic Candidates for the Office of United States Senator" (PDF). Secretary of State of New Jersey. 1982. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  29. ^ a b c d Kornacki, Steve (January 14, 2013). "When Lautenberg's Age Met Booker's Ambition: An Elegy for the Swamp Dog". Capital New York. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  30. ^ Arnold, Laurence (June 3, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, U.S. Senator From New Jersey, Dies at 89". Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  31. ^ "Votes Cast for the Office of United States Senator" (PDF). Secretary of State of New Jersey. 1982. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  32. ^ "NY US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  33. ^ a b Sundquist, Renée M. Lamis ; with a foreword by James L. (2009). The realignment of Pennsylvania politics since 1960 : two-party competition in a battleground state. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 109. ISBN 027103419X.
  34. ^ "RI US Senate - D Primary". OurCampaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  35. ^ "RI US Senate". OurCampaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  36. ^ Cook, Rhodes. "America Votes 32: 2015-2016, Election Returns by State". CQ Press – via Google Books.
  37. ^ a b "Primary Election Results" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  38. ^ "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  39. ^ Dr. Michael McDonald (March 25, 2013). "Turnout 1980-2012". George Mason University. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
  40. ^ "WV US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 8, 2013.