Open main menu

Wikipedia β

United States Senate elections, 1962

The United States Senate elections, 1962 was an election for the United States Senate which was held in the middle of President John F. Kennedy's term. His Democratic Party made a net gain of three seats from the Republicans, increasing their control of the Senate, because of Kennedy's resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

United States Senate elections, 1962
United States
← 1960 / 1961 November 6, 1962 1964 →

39 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpg EverettDirksen.jpg
Leader Mike Mansfield Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Montana Illinois
Seats before 64 36
Seats after 68 32
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 4
Popular vote 20,832,503 20,245,509
Percentage 50.4% 49.0%
Swing Decrease 4.7% Increase 4.8%
Seats up 19 15
Races won 23 11

Us 1962 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
     Democratic hold      Republican hold

Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Contents

RetirementsEdit

Through open seats due to retirements, Democrats gained two seats.

Democratic seats held by DemocratsEdit

  1. Hawaii: Oren E. Long (D) was replaced by Daniel Inouye (D).
  2. Massachusetts (Class 1): Appointee Benjamin A. Smith (D) was replaced by Ted Kennedy (D) for the last two years of the term President Kennedy was elected to in 1958

Republicans replaced by DemocratsEdit

  1. Connecticut: Prescott Bush (R) was replaced by Abraham Ribicoff (D)
  2. Maryland: John M. Butler (R) was replaced by Daniel B. Brewster (D)

Losing incumbentsEdit

Democrats had a net gain of two seats in election upsets.

Democrats lost to RepublicansEdit

  1. Colorado : John A. Carroll (D) lost to Peter H. Dominick (R)
  2. Wyoming (Class 2): Appointee John J. Hickey (D) lost to Milward Simpson (R)

Republicans lost to DemocratsEdit

  1. Indiana: Homer E. Capehart (R) lost to Birch Bayh (D)
  2. New Hampshire (Class 2): Appointee Maurice J. Murphy, Jr. (R) lost renomination to Perkins Bass (R). Bass lost the general election to Thomas J. McIntyre (D).
  3. South Dakota: Appointee Joseph H. Bottum (R) lost to George S. McGovern (D)
  4. Wisconsin: Alexander Wiley (R) lost to Gaylord Nelson (D)

Other changesEdit

The Democrats' four-seat net gain was reduced by one seat between the election and the next Congress.

  1. New Mexico: On November 18, 1962, Democrat Dennis Chavez, who was not up for election that year, died. He was replaced on November 30, 1962 by Republican appointee Edwin L. Mechem.

Subsequent changesEdit

  • September 16, 1964: South Carolina — Strom Thurmond switched parties from Democratic to Republican.

Change in Senate compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Ran
D49
Ran
D50
Ran
Majority → D51
Ran
D60
Ran
D59
Ran
D58
Ran
D57
Ran
D56
Ran
D55
Ran
D54
Ran
D53
Ran
D52
Ran
D61
Ran
D62
Ran
D63
Ran
D64
Retired
R36
Retired
R35
Retired
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R21 R22
Ran
R23
Ran
R24
Ran
R25
Ran
R26
Ran
R27
Ran
R28
Ran
R29
Ran
R30
Ran
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the general electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46
Re-elected
D47
Re-elected
D48
Re-elected
D49
Re-elected
D50
Re-elected
Majority → D51
Re-elected
D60
Re-elected
D59
Re-elected
D58
Re-elected
D57
Re-elected
D56
Re-elected
D55
Re-elected
D54
Re-elected
D53
Re-elected
D52
Re-elected
D61
Re-elected
D62
Re-elected
D63
Hold
D64
Gain
D65
Gain
D66
Gain
D67
Gain
D68
Gain
R32
Gain
R31
Re-elected
R21 R22
Re-elected
R23
Re-elected
R24
Re-elected
R25
Re-elected
R26
Re-elected
R27
Re-elected
R28
Re-elected
R29
Re-elected
R30
Re-elected
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the special electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63 D64 D65 D66 D67
Hold
D68
Gain
R32
Gain
R31
Appointee elected
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
Appointee elected
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Beginning of the next CongressEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63 D64 D65 V1
D delayed
V2
D died
R33
Gain
R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
V# Vacant

Race summariesEdit

Special elections during the 87th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1962 or before January 3, 1963; ordered by election date, then state.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Idaho
(Class 2)
Len Jordan Republican 1962 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 6, 1962. Len Jordan (Republican) 51.0%
Gracie Pfost (Democratic) 49.0%
Kansas
(Class 2)
James B. Pearson Republican 1962 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 6, 1962. James B. Pearson (Republican) 56.2%
Paul L. Aylward (Democratic) 42.5%
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Benjamin A. Smith Democratic 1960 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 6, 1962.
Democratic hold
Ted Kennedy (Democratic) 55.4%
George C. Lodge (Republican) 41.9%
New Hampshire
(Class 2)
Maurice J. Murphy Jr. Republican 1962 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination.
New senator elected November 6, 1962.
Democratic gain
Thomas J. McIntyre (Democratic) 52.3%
Perkins Bass (Republican) 47.7%
Wyoming
(Class 2)
John J. Hickey Democratic 1961 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 6, 1962.
Republican gain
Milward L. Simpson (Republican) 57.8%
John J. Hickey (Democratic) 42.2%

Elections leading to the next CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1963; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama J. Lister Hill Democratic 1938 (Appointed)
1938
1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. J. Lister Hill (Democratic) 50.9%
James D. Martin (Republican) 49.1%
Alaska Ernest Gruening Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Ernest Gruening (Democratic) 58.1%
Ted Stevens (Republican) 41.9%
Arizona Carl Hayden Democratic 1926
1932
1938
1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Carl Hayden (Democratic) 54.9%
Evan Mecham (Republican) 45.1%
Arkansas J. William Fulbright Democratic 1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. J. William Fulbright (Democratic) 68.7%
Kenneth Jones (Republican) 31.3%
California Thomas H. Kuchel Republican 1953 (Appointed)
1954 (Special)
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Thomas H. Kuchel (Republican) 56.3%
Richard Richards (Democratic) 43.4%
Colorado John A. Carroll Democratic 1956 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Peter H. Dominick (Republican) 53.6%
John A. Carroll (Democratic) 45.6%
Connecticut Prescott S. Bush Republican 1952 (Special)
1956
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Abraham A. Ribicoff (Democratic) 51.3%
Horace Seely-Brown (Republican) 48.8%
Florida George A. Smathers Democratic 1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. George A. Smathers (Democratic) 70.0%
Emerson Rupert (Republican) 30.0%
Georgia Herman Talmadge Democratic 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Herman Talmadge
Unopposed
Hawaii Oren E. Long Democratic 1959 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Daniel K. Inouye (Democratic) 69.4%
Ben Dillingham (Republican) 30.6%
Idaho Frank Church Democratic 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Frank Church (Democratic) 54.7%
Jack Hawley (Republican) 45.3%
Illinois Everett M. Dirksen Republican 1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Everett M. Dirksen (Republican) 52.9%
Sidney R. Yates (Democratic) 47.1%
Indiana Homer E. Capehart Republican 1944
1950
1956
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Birch Bayh (Democratic) 50.3%
Homer E. Capehart (Republican) 49.7%
Iowa Bourke B. Hickenlooper Republican 1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Bourke B. Hickenlooper (Republican) 53.4%
E. B. Smith (Democratic) 46.6%
Kansas Frank Carlson Republican 1950 (Special)
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Frank Carlson (Republican) 62.4%
K. L. Smith (Democratic) 35.9%
Kentucky Thruston B. Morton Republican 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Thruston Morton (Republican) 52.8%
Wilson W. Wyatt (Democratic) 47.2%
Louisiana Russell B. Long Democratic 1948 (Special)
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Russell B. Long (Democratic) 75.6%
Taylor W. O'Hearn (Republican) 24.4%
Maryland John M. Butler Republican 1950
1956
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Daniel B. Brewster (Democratic) 62.0%
Edward T. Miller (Republican) 38.0%
Missouri Edward V. Long Democratic 1960 (Appointed)
1960 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Edward V. Long (Democratic) 54.6%
Crosby Kemper (Republican) 45.4%
Nevada Alan Bible Democratic 1954 (Special)
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Alan Bible (Democratic) 65.3%
William B. Wright (Republican) 34.7%
New Hampshire Norris Cotton Republican 1954 (Special)
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Norris Cotton (Republican) 59.7%
Alfred Catalfo, Jr. (Democratic) 40.3%
New York Jacob K. Javits Republican 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Jacob K. Javits (Republican) 57.4%
James B. Donovan (Democratic) 40.1%
North Carolina Sam J. Ervin, Jr. Democratic 1954 (Appointed)
1954 (Special)
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Sam J. Ervin, Jr. (Democratic) 60.5%
Claude L. Greene, Jr. (Republican) 39.6%
North Dakota Milton R. Young Republican 1945 (Appointed)
1946 (Special)
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Milton R. Young (Republican) 60.7%
William Lanier (Democratic) 39.4%
Ohio Frank J. Lausche Democratic 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Frank J. Lausche (Democratic) 61.6%
John M. Briley (Republican) 38.4%
Oklahoma Mike Monroney Democratic 1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. A. S. Mike Monroney (Democratic) 53.2%
B. Hayden Crawford (Republican) 46.3%
Oregon Wayne Morse Democratic 1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Wayne Morse (Democratic) 54.2%
Sig Unander (Republican) 45.8%
Pennsylvania Joseph S. Clark Democratic 1956 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph S. Clark (Democratic) 51.1%
James E. Van Zandt (Republican) 48.7%
South Carolina Olin B. Johnston Democratic 1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Olin B. Johnston (Democratic) 57.2%
W. D. Workman, Jr. (Republican) 42.8%
South Dakota Joseph H. Bottum Republican 1962 (Appointee) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
George S. McGovern (Democratic) 50.1%
Joseph H. Bottum (Republican) 49.9%
Utah Wallace F. Bennett Republican 1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Wallace F. Bennett (Republican) 52.4%
David S. King (Democratic) 47.6%
Vermont George D. Aiken Republican 1940 (Special)
1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. George D. Aiken (Republican) 66.9%
W. Robert Johnson (Democratic) 33.1%
Washington Warren G. Magnuson Democratic 1944 (Appointed)
1944
1950
1956
Incumbent re-elected. Warren G. Magnuson (Democratic) 52.1%
Richard G. Christensen (Republican) 47.3%
Wisconsin Alexander Wiley Republican 1938
1944
1950
1956
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Gaylord Nelson (Democratic) 52.6%
Alexander Wiley (Republican) 47.2%

North DakotaEdit

 
North Dakota Senator Milton Young

Incumbent Republican Senator Milton Young sought and received re-election to his fourth term, defeating North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party candidate William Lanier[1] of Fargo, North Dakota.[2] Only Young filed as a Republican, and the endorsed Democratic candidate was Lanier, who had previously faced Young in a special election held in 1946 to fill the seat which was vacated by the late John Moses. Young and Lanier won the primary elections for their respective parties. No independent candidates sought the senate seat.

1962 United States Senate election, North Dakota
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Milton R. Young 135,705 60.65%
Democratic William Lanier 88,032 39.35%
Majority
Turnout 223,737

OregonEdit

 
Oregon Senator Wayne Morse

Democratic Senator Wayne Morse decided to seek re-election for a fourth term. He defeated Republican candidate Sig Unander in the general election.[3]

United States Senate election in Oregon, 1962[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Morse (incumbent) 344,716 54.15%
Republican Sig Unander 291,587 45.81%
None write-ins 253 0.04%
Total votes 636,556 100.00%
Democratic hold

South CarolinaEdit

 
South Carolina Senator Olin D. Johnston

Incumbent Democratic Senator Olin D. Johnston defeated Governor Fritz Hollings in the Democratic primary and Republican W. D. Workman, Jr. in the general election. The South Carolina Democratic Party held their primary on June 12, 1962. Olin D. Johnston, the incumbent Senator, faced stiff competition from Governor Fritz Hollings who argued that Johnston was too liberal and not representative of South Carolina interests. Johnston merely told the voters that he was doing what he thought was best for the agriculture and textile workers of the state. Hollings was decisively defeated by Johnston because Johnston used his position as Post Office and Civil Service Committee to build 40 new post offices in the state and thus demonstrate the pull he had in Washington to bring home the bacon.

South Carolina U.S. Senate Primary Election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Olin D. Johnston 216,918 66.3
Democratic Fritz Hollings 110,023 33.7

W. D. Workman, Jr., a correspondent for the News and Courier, faced no opposition from South Carolina Republicans and avoided a primary election.

Both Johnston and Workman supported segregation, so the campaign centered on the economic issues of the state. Workman tried to persuade the voters that Johnston's policies were socialist and that he was too closely aligned with the Kennedy administration. Johnston was a consistent supporter of socialized health care proposals and Workman was able to win considerable support from the medical establishment. However, the state's citizens were much poorer than that of the rest of the nation and Johnston's class based appeals made him a very popular figure for the downtrodden of both the white and black races. The competitive nature of this race foresaw the eventual rise of the Republican Party and that South Carolinians were growing increasingly suspicious of policies generated at the federal level.

South Carolina U.S. Senate Election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Olin D. Johnston 178,712 57.2 -25.0
Republican W. D. Workman, Jr. 133,930 42.8 +25.0
No party Write-Ins 5 0.0 0.0
Majority 44,782 14.4 -50.0
Turnout 312,647 46.9 +8.8
Democratic hold


WisconsinEdit

 
Wisconsin Senator Gaylord A. Nelson

Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Alexander Wiley ran for re-election, but was defeated by Democratic Gaylord A. Nelson.[4]

General election results[4]
Democratic Gaylord A. Nelson 662,342 52.26
Republican Alexander Wiley (incumbent) 594,846 47.21
Independent William O. Hart 1,428 0.11
Socialist Labor Georgia Cozzini 1,096 0.09
Socialist Workers Wayne Leverenz 368 0.03
Party Candidate Votes %
Total votes ' '
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "Supplemental Report of the Secretary of State to the General Assembly of South Carolina." Reports and Resolutions of South Carolina to the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina. Volume II. Columbia, SC: 1963, p. 6.
  • Jordan, Frank E. The Primary State: A History of the Democratic Party in South Carolina, 1876-1962. p. 83. 
  • Kalk, Bruce H. (2001). The Origins of the Southern Strategy: Two-Party Competition in South. Lexington Books. pp. 56–61. 
  • "Veteran's Viciory". Time. June 22, 1962. Retrieved February 9, 2008.