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National Economic Council (United States)

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The National Economic Council (NEC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering economic policy matters, separate from matters relating to domestic policy, which are the domain of the Domestic Policy Council. The council forms part of the Office of White House Policy which contains the National Economic Council and other offices. The Director of the NEC is titled the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council.

National Economic Council
Agency overview
Formed 1993
Headquarters Eisenhower Executive Office Building
Washington, DC
Employees 25
Agency executive
Parent agency Office of White House Policy
Website National Economic Council


History and missionEdit

The National Economic Council was created on January 25, 1993, by Executive Order 12835, to coordinate the economic policy making process and provide economic policy advice to the President. The Council also ensures that economic policy decisions and programs are consistent with the President's stated goals, and monitors the implementation of the President's economic goals.[1] Its creation fulfilled a major campaign pledge of President Bill Clinton to put the then current economic situation of the United States at the forefront of federal policy making.[2]

Even before the formal creation of the NEC, some form of an economic policy staff had existed in the White House since the 1960s. President Lyndon B. Johnson assigned a senior-level aide to organize staff and develop domestic policy, which included economic policy. In 1970, President Richard Nixon issued an executive order that created the Office of Policy Development, a large White House office with jurisdiction over economic and domestic policy. President Bill Clinton again altered the structure by splitting the office, as mentioned above, both parts of which exist today underneath the umbrella of the Office of White House Policy, which can also be known as the Office of Policy Development.[3]

The NEC has four principal functions: to coordinate policy-making for domestic and international economic issues, to coordinate economic policy advice for the President, to ensure that policy decisions and programs are consistent with the President's economic goals, and to monitor implementation of the President's economic policy agenda.[4]


The NEC comprises numerous department and agency heads within the administration whose policy jurisdictions affect the nation's economy. The NEC Director, in conjunction with these officials, coordinates and implements the President's economic policy objectives. The Director is supported by a staff of policy specialists in various fields including agriculture, commerce, energy, financial markets, fiscal policy, healthcare, labor, and Social Security.[4]

Directors of the National Economic CouncilEdit

Officeholder Term start Term end President
Robert Rubin January 25, 1993 January 11, 1995 Bill Clinton
Laura Tyson February 21, 1995 December 12, 1996
Gene Sperling December 12, 1996 January 20, 2001
Larry Lindsey January 20, 2001 December 12, 2002 George W. Bush
Steve Friedman December 12, 2002 January 10, 2005
Al Hubbard January 10, 2005 November 28, 2007
Keith Hennessey November 28, 2007 January 20, 2009
Larry Summers January 20, 2009 December 31, 2010 Barack Obama
Gene Sperling January 20, 2011 March 5, 2014
Jeff Zients March 5, 2014 January 20, 2017
Gary Cohn January 20, 2017 present Donald Trump


Structure and Membership of the United States National Economic Council
(as of February 27, 2017)
  • Gary Cohn (Assistant to the President for Economic Policy)
Deputy Director
  • Jeremy Katz (Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy)[5]
Deputy Director
Regular attendees
Additional participants


  1. ^ Keith Hennessey (September 22, 2010). "Should you be the next Larry Summers?". Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Kathy Gill. "White House National Economic Council". Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Domestic Policy Council". White House Administration. White House. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  4. ^ a b "National Economic Council". White House Administration. White House. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  5. ^ "White House National Economic Council Director Announces Senior Staff Appointments". 2017-02-27. Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  6. ^ "White House National Security Advisor and Director of the National Economic Council Announce Senior Staff Appointment". 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 

Further readingEdit

  • Sarah Rosen Wartell. "The White House: National Economic Council." In Change for America: A Progressive Blueprint for the 44th President. Edited by Mark Green and Michele Jolin, pp. 15–22. Washington: The Center for American Progress Action Fund, 2008.

External linksEdit