Open main menu

1898 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1898 for members of the 56th Congress, and took place in the middle of President William McKinley's first term.

1898 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1896 November 8, 1898[Note 1] 1900 →

All 357 seats of the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  DavidBremmerHenderson.jpg James D Richardson.jpg
Leader David Henderson James Richardson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1899 March 4, 1899
Leader's seat Iowa 3rd Tennessee 5th
Seats before 205 seats[Note 2] 126 seats[Note 3]
Seats won 189[1][Note 4] 161[1]
Seat change Decrease 21 Increase 37

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Populist Silver
Seats before 22 1
Seats won 6[1][Note 5] 1[1]
Seat change Decrease 16 Steady

Speaker before election

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elected Speaker

David Henderson
Republican

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats, but was able to hold a majority over the Democratic Party. The Populist Party also lost many seats, as their movement began to decline. This was likely because many Populists rallied behind William Jennings Bryan's increasingly powerful branch of the Democratic Party, which built the rural economic issues advocated by Populists into their platform. As a result, the Democrats won a number of Western seats as well many in the Mid-Atlantic.

Election summariesEdit

187 2 1 6 161
Republican SR S P Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Populist Silver/
Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 1   8   1 0   1 0  
Arkansas District 6 0   6   0   0  
California District 7 6   3 1   1 0   2 0  
Colorado District 2 0   0   1   1[Note 6]  
Connecticut District 4 4   0   0   0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   1 0   1 0   0  
Florida District 2 0   2   0   0  
Georgia District 11 0   11   0   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   0   0   1 1[Note 6]   1
Illinois District 22 14   3 8   3 0   0  
Indiana District 13 9   4   0   0  
Iowa District 11 11   0   0   0  
Kansas District
+at-large
8 7   5 0   1   5 0  
Kentucky District 11 2   2 9   2 0   0  
Louisiana District 6 0   6   0   0  
Maine[Note 7] District 4 4   0   0   0  
Maryland District 6 4   2 2   2 0   0  
Massachusetts District 13 10   2 3   2 0   0  
Michigan District 12 12   2 0   2 0   0  
Minnesota District 7 7   0   0   0  
Mississippi District 7 0   7   0   0  
Missouri District 15 3   12   0   0  
Montana At-large 1 0   1   1 0   0   1
Nebraska District 6 2   1   1 3   1 0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   0   0   1  
New Hampshire District 2 2   0   0   0  
New Jersey District 8 6   2 2   2 0   0  
New York District 34 16   12 18   12 0   0  
North Carolina District 9 3   1 5   4 1[Note 5]   4 0  
North Dakota At-large 1 1   0   0   0  
Ohio District 21 15   6   0   0  
Oregon[Note 7] District 2 2   0   0   0  
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 20   7 10   7 0   0  
Rhode Island District 2 2   0   0   0  
South Carolina District 7 0   7   0   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 2   2 0   0   2 0  
Tennessee District 10 2   8   0   0  
Texas District 13 1   12   0   0  
Utah At-large 1 0   1   0   0  
Vermont[Note 7] District 2 2   0   0   0  
Virginia District 10 0   4 10   4 0   0  
Washington At-large 2 2   2 0   1 0   0   1
West Virginia District 4 3   1 1   1 0   0  
Wisconsin District 10 10   0   0   0  
Wyoming At-large 1 1   1 0   1 0   0  
Total 357 187
52.4%
  20 161
45.1%
  37 6[Note 5]
1.7%
  16 3[Note 4]
0.8%
  1
House seats
Republican
52.38%
Democratic
45.10%
Populist
1.68%
Silver Republican
0.56%
Silver
0.28%

The previous election of 1896 saw the election of 24 Populists, 2 Silver Republicans, and a Silver Party member.

 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
 
  80+% Republican
  60 to 80% Democratic
 
  60 to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

In 1898, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected. John All Barham (Republican) 61.1%
Emmet Seawell (Democratic) 38.9%
California 2 Marion De Vries Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected. Marion De Vries (Democratic) 55.3%
Frank D. Ryan (Republican) 44.7%
California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn Republican 1894 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold
Victor H. Metcalf (Republican) 57.3%
John Aubrey Jones (Democratic) 39.1%
Thomas F. Burns (Socialist Labor) 3.6%
California 4 James G. Maguire Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired to run for California Governor.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Julius Kahn (Republican) 50%
James H. Barry (Democratic) 44.1%
W. J. Martin (Socialist Labor) 3.7%
Joseph P. Kelly (Independent) (Democratic) 2.2%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected. Eugene F. Loud (Republican) 51.8%
William Craig (Democratic) 44.3%
E. T. Kingsley (Socialist Labor) 3.9%
California 6 Charles A. Barlow Populist 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Russell J. Waters (Republican) 52.6%
Charles A. Barlow (Populist) 44.9%
James T. Van Ransselear (Socialist Labor) 2.5%
California 7 Curtis H. Castle Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
James C. Needham (Republican) 50.1%
Curtis H. Castle (Populist) 49.9%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 84.2%
E. R. Gunby (Republican) 15.8%
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Wyche Davis (Democratic) 71.8%
H. L. Anderson (Republican) 28.2%

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Elliott Democratic 1886
1896
Incumbent re-elected. William Elliott (Democratic) 66.5%
George W. Murray (Republican) 33.5%
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected. W. Jasper Talbert (Democratic) 97.0%
B. P. Chatfield (Republican) 2.9%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected. Asbury Latimer (Democratic) 96.6%
John R. Tolbert (Republican) 3.3%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stanyarne Wilson (Democratic) 96.4%
P. S. Suber (Republican) 3.6%
South Carolina 5 Thomas J. Strait Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
David E. Finley (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 6 James Norton Democratic 1897 (special) Incumbent re-elected. James Norton (Democratic) 96.9%
J. H. Evans (Republican) 3.1%
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. J. William Stokes (Democratic) 89.8%
James Weston (Republican) 10.2%

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
John Edward Kelley Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Robert J. Gamble (Republican) 27.4%
Charles H. Burke (Republican) 25.7%
John Edward Kelley (Populist) 22.9%
Freeman Knowles (Populist) 22.8%
A. Jamison (Prohibition) 0.6%
M.D. Alexander (Prohibition) 0.6%[2]
Freeman Knowles Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 6 and September 12.
  2. ^ Includes two vacancies
  3. ^ Includes three vacancies
  4. ^ a b Includes 2 members of the Silver Republican faction.
  5. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Populist, John W. Atwater, elected to NC-04.
  6. ^ a b Member of the Silver Republican Party faction elected.
  7. ^ a b c Elections held early

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 152–153.
  2. ^ "Elections in States". The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1900. New York: The Tribune Association. 1900. p. 338 – via Hathi Trust Digital Library.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit