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Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1914 were held in the middle of President Woodrow Wilson's first term for members of the 64th Congress.

1914 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1912 November 3, 1914[a] 1916 →

All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since March 4, 1909 March 4, 1911
Leader's seat Missouri 9th Illinois 2nd
Last election 291 seats 134 seats
Seats won 230[1][2] 196[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 61 Increase 62

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Progressive Socialist
Last election 9 seats 0 seats
Seats won 6[1][2] 1[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 1

  Fifth party Sixth party
 
Party Prohibition Independent
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 1[1][2] 1
Seat change Increase 1 Steady

Speaker before election

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

The opposition Republican Party had recovered from the split they underwent during the 1912 presidential election, and they made large gains in seats from the Democratic Party, though not enough to regain control of the body. The burgeoning economy greatly aided Republicans, who pushed for pro-business principles and took credit for the success that had been reached in the industrial sector. Many former Progressives rejoined the Republican Party, but a number of the most liberal members of the House remained under this banner. In addition, William Kent was re-elected in California's 1st congressional district as an Independent, and a Prohibition Party member (Charles H. Randall) and a Socialist Party member (Meyer London) were elected in California's 9th congressional district and New York's 12th congressional district, respectively.

Contents

Election summariesEdit

230 1 1 6 1 196
Democratic S I P Pn Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Progressive Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama Districts
+at-large
10 10   0   0   0  
Arizona At-large 1 1   0   0   0  
Arkansas District 7 7   0   0   0  
California District 11 3   4   1 2   2[b]   1
Colorado Districts 4 3   1 1   1 0   0  
Connecticut District 5 0   5 5   5 0   0  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1 1   1 0   0  
Florida Districts 4 4   0   0   0  
Georgia District 12 12   0   0   0  
Idaho At-large 2 0   2   0   0  
Illinois Districts 27 10   10 16   11 1   1 0  
Indiana District 13 11   2 2   2 0   0  
Iowa District 11 1   2 10   2 0   0  
Kansas District 8 6   1 2   1 0   0  
Kentucky District 11 9   2   0   0  
Louisiana District 8 7   1 0   1   1 0  
Maine[c] District 4 1   3   0   0  
Maryland District 6 5   1 1   1 0   0  
Massachusetts District 16 4   3 12   3 0   0  
Michigan Districts 13 2   11   1 0   1 0  
Minnesota Districts 10 1   8   1 1   1 0  
Mississippi District 8 8   0   0   0  
Missouri District 16 14   2   0   0  
Montana At-large 2 2   0   0   0  
Nebraska District 6 3   3   0   0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   1   0   0  
New Hampshire District 2 0   2 2   2 0   0  
New Jersey District 12 4   7 8   7 0   0  
New Mexico At-large 1 0   1 1   1 0   0  
New York District 43 19   12 22   11 1   1   1
North Carolina District 10 9   1 1   1 0   0  
North Dakota District 3 0   3   0   0  
Ohio Districts 22 9   10 13   10 0   0  
Oklahoma Districts 8 7   1 1   1 0   0  
Oregon District 3 0   3   0   0  
Pennsylvania Districts
+4 at-large
36 6   6 30   8 0   2 0  
Rhode Island District 3 1   1 2   2 0   0  
South Carolina District 7 7   0   0   0  
South Dakota District 3 1   1 2   1 0   0  
Tennessee District 10 8   2   0   0  
Texas Districts
+2 at-large
18 18   0   0   0  
Utah District 2 1   1 1   1 0   0  
Vermont District 2 0   2   0   0  
Virginia District 10 9   1   0   0  
Washington Districts 5 1   1 4   1 0   2 0  
West Virginia Districts
+at-large
6 3   1 3   1 0   0  
Wisconsin District 11 3   8   0   0  
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1   0   0  
Total 435 230
52.9%
  61 196
45.1%
  63 6
1.4%
  3 3[d]
0.7%
  2
House seats
Democratic
52.87%
Progressive
1.38%
Prohibition
0.23%
Republican
45.06%
Socialist
0.23%
Others
0.23%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Progressive gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dateEdit

Maine held its elections early, on September 14, 1914. There had previously been multiple states with earlier elections, but Maine was the only one remaining by 1914 (after Vermont stopped holding its elections early, after 1912). Maine would continue to hold elections early, in September, until 1958.

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William Kent Independent 1910 Incumbent re-elected. William Kent (Independent) 48.1%
Edward H. Hart (Republican) 38.3%
O. F. Meldon (Democratic) 10.8%
Henry P. Stripp (Prohibition) 2.8%
California 2 John E. Raker Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected. John E. Raker (Democratic) 64.7%
James T. Matlock (Republican) 31.2%
W. P. Fassett (Prohibition) 4.1%
California 3 Charles F. Curry Republican 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Charles F. Curry (Republican) 85.0%
David T. Ross (Socialist) 8.7%
Edwin F. Van Vlear (Prohibition) 6.3%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected. Julius Kahn (Republican) 69.1%
Henry Colombat (Democratic) 22.8%
Allen K. Gifford (Socialist) 6.6%
J. C. Westenberg (Prohibition) 1.5%
California 5 John I. Nolan Republican gain 1912 Incumbent re-elected. John I. Nolan (Republican) 83.3%
Mads Peter Christensen (Socialist) 11.4%
Frederick Head (Prohibition) 5.3%
California 6 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
John A. Elston (Progressive) 44.4%
George H. Derrick (Republican) 37.7%
Howard H. Caldwell (Socialist) 13.9%
Harlow E. Wolcott (Progressive) 3.9%
California 7 Denver S. Church Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Denver S. Church (Democratic) 49.9%
A. M. Drew (Republican) 31.8%
Henry M. McKee (Socialist) 9.9%
Don A. Allen (Prohibition) 8.3%
California 8 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected. Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 49.1%
Lewis Dan Bohnett (Progressive) 45.3%
Joseph Merritt Horton (Prohibition) 5.6%
California 9 Charles W. Bell Progressive 1912 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Prohibition gain.
Charles H. Randall (Prohibition) 30.9%
Charles W. Bell (Progressive) 30.3%
Frank C. Roberts (Republican) 27.7%
Henry A. Hart (Socialist) 11.1%
California 10 William Stephens Progressive 1910 Incumbent re-elected. William Stephens (Progressive) 38.4%
Henry Z. Osborne (Republican) 28.9%
Nathan Newby (Democratic) 15.5%
Ralph L. Criswell (Socialist) 13.0%
Henry Clay Needham (Prohibition) 4.3%
California 11 William Kettner Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. William Kettner (Democratic) 52.7%
James Carson Needham (Republican) 27.9%
James S. Edwards (Prohibition) 12.7%
Casper Bauer (Socialist) 6.7%

FloridaEdit

An at-large district had been created in 1912 for a newly apportioned seat. The at-large district was eliminated in 1914 and the 4th district created.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 99.3%
H. B. Jeffers (Independent) 0.7%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected. Frank Clark (Democratic) 100%
Florida 3 Emmett Wilson Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Emmett Wilson (Democratic) 98.8%
E. Wentworth (Independent) 1.2%
Florida 4 Claude L'Engle
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic 1912 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
William J. Sears (Democratic) 100%

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Richard S. Whaley Democratic 1913 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard S. Whaley (Democratic) 98.5%
Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican) 1.0%
William Eberhard (Socialist) 0.5%
South Carolina 2 James F. Byrnes Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected. James F. Byrnes (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected. Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph T. Johnson (Democratic) 99.5%
J. W. Sexton (Republican) 0.3%
M. I. Ellenberg (Socialist) 0.2%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected. David E. Finley (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Willard Ragsdale Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. J. Willard Ragsdale (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Asbury F. Lever (Democratic) 95.1%
I. S. Leevy (Republican) 4.1%
George F. Lee (Socialist) 0.8%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Maine held early elections on September 14, 1914.
  2. ^ 1 Prohibition Party member elected, and 1 Independent re-elected. Previous election saw the Independent elected.
  3. ^ Maine elections held early.
  4. ^ 1 Socialist, 1 Prohibition, and 1 Independent.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Martis, pp. 168–169.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit