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United States House of Representatives elections, 1906

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1906 were held for members of the 60th Congress, in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's second term.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1906

← 1904 November 6, 1906[Note 1] 1908 →

All 391[Note 2] seats to the United States House of Representatives
196 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois-18th Mississippi-8th
Last election 251 seats 135 seats
Seats won 224[1][2][Note 3] 167[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 27 Increase 32

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the opposition Democratic Party, but retained a large overall majority. Dissatisfaction with working conditions and resentment toward union busting among industrial laborers in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest caused these groups to turn out to the polls in large numbers in support of the Democratic Party. However, gains in these regions were not enough to remove the Republican majority or the firm support that the party held among the middle class.

Contents

Election summariesEdit

Five new seats were added for the State of Oklahoma, admitted on November 16, 1907.

223 1 167
Republican IR Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0   9  
Arkansas District 7 0   7  
California District 8 8   0  
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3   0  
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5   0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   0  
Florida District 3 0   3  
Georgia District 11 0   11  
Idaho At-large 1 1   0  
Illinois District 25 20   4 5   4
Indiana District 13 9   2 4   2
Iowa District 11 10   1 1   1
Kansas District[Note 4] 8 8   0  
Kentucky District 11 4   2 7   2
Louisiana District 7 0   7  
Maine[Note 5] District 4 4   0  
Maryland District 6 3   3  
Massachusetts District 14 11   3  
Michigan District 12 12   0  
Minnesota District 9 8   1 1   1
Mississippi District 8 0   8  
Missouri District 16 4   5 12   5
Montana At-large 1 1   0  
Nebraska District 6 5   1 1   1
Nevada At-large 1 0   1  
New Hampshire District 2 2   0  
New Jersey District 10 6   3 4   3
New York District 37 26[Note 3]   11  
North Carolina District 10 0   1 10   1
North Dakota District 2 2   0  
Ohio District 21 16   4 5   4
Oklahoma[Note 6] District 5 1   1 4   4
Oregon[Note 5] District 2 2   0  
Pennsylvania District 32 25   6 7   6
Rhode Island District 2 1   1  
South Carolina District 7 0   7  
South Dakota At-large 2 2   0  
Tennessee District 10 2   8  
Texas District 16 0   16  
Utah At-large 1 1   0  
Vermont[Note 5] District 2 2   0  
Virginia District 10 1   9  
Washington At-large 3 3   0  
West Virginia District 5 5   0  
Wisconsin District 11 9   1 2   1
Wyoming At-large 1 1   0  
Total[Note 2] 391 224[Note 3]
57.3%
  26 167
42.7%
  31
House seats
Republican
57.29%
Democratic
42.71%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Election datesEdit

In 1906, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Oklahoma was admitted in 1907 and held its first congressional elections on September 17, 1907.

Complete returnsEdit

Party abbreviations

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Ran for governor
Republican hold
William F. Englebright (R) 54.1%
F. W. Taft (D) 39.9%
J. C. Weybright (S) 5%
R. L. Webb (Pro) 1.1%
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Re-elected Duncan E. McKinlay (R) 51.8%
W. A. Beard (D) 44.8%
A. J. Gaylord (S) 3.4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Re-elected Joseph R. Knowland (R) 60%
Hugh W. Brunk (D) 21.5%
Charles C. Boynton (IL) 10.1%
William McDevitt (S) 7%
T. H. Montgomery (Pro) 1.3%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 62.4%
David S. Hirshberg (D) 33.2%
Oliver Everett (S) 4.4%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Re-elected Everis A. Hayes (R) 52.6%
Hiram G. Davis (D) 41.9%
Joseph Lawrence (S) 5.5%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 55.6%
Harry A. Greene (D) 37.8%
Richard Kirk (S) 3.8%
Herman E. Burbank (Pro) 2.8%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Re-elected James McLachlan (R) 56.8%
Robert G. Laucks (D) 28.4%
Charles Ribble (S) 9.3%
Levi D. Johnson (Pro) 5.6%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Re-elected Sylvester C. Smith (R) 55.6%
Charles A. Barlow (D) 34.5%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 9.9%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 86.5%
C. C. Allen (S) 13.5%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Re-elected Frank Clark (D) 88.2%
J. F. McClelland (R) 11.8%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Re-elected William B. Lamar (D) 93.4%
T. B. Meeker (S) 6.6%

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Re-elected George Swinton Legaré (D) 99.3%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 0.7%
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Re-elected James O'H. Patterson (D) 95.3%
Isaac Myers (R) 4.7%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 98.7%
David C. Gist (R) 0.9%
Others 0.4%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Re-elected J. Edwin Ellerbe (D) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 97.6%
Aaron D. Dantzler (R) 2.4%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 4 and September 10.
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Republican, Peter A. Porter, elected to NY-34.
  4. ^ At-large district eliminated in redistricting.
  5. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  6. ^ New state.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 160–161.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit