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United States House of Representatives elections, 1810 and 1811

  (Redirected from United States House election, 1810)

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 12th Congress were held in the various states at various dates between April 1810 (in New York) and August 1811 (in Tennessee) during James Madison's first term in office. Louisiana elected its first representative in September 1812. Congress assembled on November 4, 1811. The first session witnessed the unprecedented occurrence of a new member, Henry Clay, being elected Speaker on the first day that he entered the chamber. No other individual has ever repeated this feat.[c]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1810 and 1811

← 1808 / 1809 April 24, 1810 – August 2, 1811[a] 1812 / 1813 →

All 143[b] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
72 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky 3rd Connecticut at-large
Last election 94 seats 48 seats
Seats won 107[b] 36
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 12

Speaker before election

Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

With the repeal of the Embargo Act of 1807, the Democratic-Republicans enjoyed a renewed popularity. As the economy improved following the reopening of the export market, many of the seats that had entered Federalist hands over economic concerns reverted to the Democratic-Republicans, who were able to re-claim the two-thirds majority they had lost in the previous election.

Contents

Election summariesEdit

107 36
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Kentucky Districts August 6, 1810 6 6   0  
New York Districts April 24–26, 1810 17 12  3 5  3
North Carolina Districts August 9, 1810 12 10  1 2  1
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1810 2 0   2  
Connecticut At-large September 17, 1810 7 0   7  
Georgia At-large October 1, 1810 4 4   0  
Maryland Districts 9 6   3  
Delaware At-large October 2, 1810 1 0   1  
New Jersey At-large October 8–9, 1810 6 6   0  
South Carolina Districts 8 8   0  
Ohio At-large October 9, 1810 1 1   0  
Pennsylvania Districts 18 17  1 1  1
Vermont Districts November 4, 1810 4 3  2 1  2
Massachusetts Districts November 5, 1810[d] 17 9  2 8  2
Late elections (After the March 4, 1811 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts April 1811 22 17   5  
New Hampshire At-large April 1, 1811[e] 5 4  4 1  4
Tennessee Districts August 1–2, 1811 3 3   0  
Total[b] 143 106
74.6%
 13 36
25.4%
 13
House seats
Democratic-Republican
74.6%
Federalist
25.4%

Special electionsEdit

There were special elections in 1810 and 1811 to the 11th United States Congress and 12th United States Congress.

Elections are sorted by date then district.

11th CongressEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 2 William Denning Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected April 24–26, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1810.[1]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Samuel L. Mitchill (Democratic-Republican) 52.4%
John B. Coles (Federalist) 47.8%[2]
Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howard Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 10, 1810 to become Governor of Louisiana Territory.
New member elected August 6, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 13, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
William T. Barry (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Connecticut at-large Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned in May 1810 after election as U.S. Senator.
New member elected September 17, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
Successor lost election to the next term, see below.
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist) 42.5%
Lyman Law (Federalist) 38.4%
Samuel B. Sherwood (Federalist) 12.5%
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist) 2.8%
Others (all Federalist) 3.8%[3]
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 14, 1810 to become associate judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Maryland.
New member elected October 1, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1810.[1]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 98.1%
Benjamin Galloway (Federalist) 1.6%[4]
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Jabez Upham Federalist 1806 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected October 8, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 13, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
Joseph Allen (Federalist) 55.2%
John Spurr (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%[5]
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
William Stedman Federalist 1803 Incumbent resigned July 16, 1810 to become Clerk of Courts for Worcester County.
New member elected October 8, 1810.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 14, 1810.[1]
Successor later elected to the next term, see below.
Abijah Bigelow (Federalist) 72.3%
Timothy Whiting (Democratic-Republican) 26.9%
Moses White (Democratic-Republican) 0.8%[6]
New Jersey at-large James Cox Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent died September 12, 1810.
New member elected October 30–31, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
Successor did not run to the next term, see below.
John A. Scudder (Democratic-Republican) 76.7%
John Linn (Democratic-Republican) 10.8%
Jacob S. Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 10.2%
Isaac Mickle (Democratic-Republican) 2.3%[7]
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent resigned September 28, 1810 after being wounded in a duel.
New member elected November 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 21, 1810.[1]
Successor late lost election to the next term, see below.
William McKinley (Democratic-Republican)
Thomas Wilson (Federalist)
Benjamin Reeder[f]
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810[g] to become clerk of the county court of Queen Anne's County.
New member elected November 15, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1810.[1]
New member was also elected by the same ballot to the next term, see below.[h]
Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
Daniel C. Hopper 45.0%
James Brown 3.1%
Scattering 0.2%[8]
South Carolina 1 Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent resigned December 4, 1810, having already retired.
New member elected December 31, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 24, 1811.[1]Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
Langdon Cheves (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[9]

12th CongressEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Representative-elect declined to serve to become clerk of the county court of Queen Anne's County.
New member elected November 15, 1810.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated at the beginning of the Congress.[10]
New member was also elected by the same ballot to finish the current term, see above.[h]
Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
Daniel C. Hopper 45.0%
James Brown 3.1%
Scattering 0.2%[8]
Maryland 6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 29, 1811 to become Attorney General of Maryland.
New member elected October 2, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 4, 1811.[10]
Stevenson Archer (Democratic-Republican) 76.1%
William Hollingsworth (Federalist) 23.9%[11][i]
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph B. Varnum Democratic-Republican 1795 Incumbent resigned June 29, 1811 when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected November 4, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 22, 1812.[10]
First ballot (September 23, 1811):
John Tuttle (Democratic-Republican) 44.5%
Loammi Baldwin (Federalist) 37.4%
Edmund Foster (Democratic-Republican) 12.5%
Marshall Spring (Democratic-Republican) 5.7%[12]

Second ballot (November 4, 1811):
William M. Richardson (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Loammi Baldwin (Federalist) 34.7%
Edmund Foster (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Marshall Spring (Democratic-Republican) 5.0%[13]

ConnecticutEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist) 14.8%
Jonathan O. Moseley (Federalist) 13.9%
Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist) 13.8%
Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist) 13.6%
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist) 12.2%
Lyman Law (Federalist) 11.0%
John Davenport (Federalist) 8.4%
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist) 3.9%
Samuel B. Sherwood (Federalist) 3.2%
Nathan Smith (Federalist) 2.0%
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist) 1.2%
Sylvanus Backus (Federalist) 1.0%
Sylvester Gilbert (Federalist) 0.3%
John Caldwell (Federalist) 0.3%
Uriel Holmes (Federalist) 0.2%
Asa Bacon Jr. (Federalist) 0.2%
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned in May 1810 after election as U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor (Law) was not elected to finish the current term, see above.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.

DelawareEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist 1807 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry M. Ridgely (Federalist) 50.1%
Richard Dale (Democratic-Republican) 49.9%

GeorgiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
William W. Bibb Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. William W. Bibb (Democratic-Republican) 24.4%
George Troup (Democratic-Republican) 22.7%
Howell Cobb (Democratic-Republican) 16.9%
Bolling Hall (Democratic-Republican) 12.6%
Elijah Clarke (Democratic-Republican) 10.7%
John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
James Elliot (Federalist) 3.6%
George Troup Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Howell Cobb Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
Dennis Smelt Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

KentuckyEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1797 (Vermont)
1803
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Anthony New (Democratic-Republican) 60.3%
Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 39.7%
Kentucky 2 Samuel McKee Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel McKee (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 3 Henry Crist Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Stephen Ormsby (Democratic-Republican)
Philip Quinton[f]
Kentucky 4 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Richard M. Johnson (Democratic-Republican)[f]
John S. Hunter
Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howard Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent resigned April 10, 1810 to become Governor of Louisiana Territory.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was not a candidate to finish the current term, see above.
Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 6 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Desha (Democratic-Republican) 100%

MarylandEdit

Maryland held its elections October 1, 1810.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Philip Stuart (Federalist) 98.3%
John Parnham (Democratic-Republican) 1.1%
Maryland 2 Archibald Van Horne Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Kent (Democratic-Republican) 56.4%
John F. Mercer (Federalist) 43.6%
Maryland 3 Philip Barton Key Federalist 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Barton Key (Federalist) 100%
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 14, 1810 to become associate judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Maryland.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 95.7%
Benjamin Galloway (Federalist) 2.0%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Alexander McKim (Democratic-Republican) 27.7%
Peter Little (Democratic-Republican) 25.7%
Nicholas R. Moore (Democratic-Republican) 24.4%
Joshua Barney (Democratic-Republican) 22.2%
Alexander McKim Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. John Montgomery (Democratic-Republican) 98.1%
Thomas G. Moffit 1.7%
Maryland 7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected but declined the seat and resigned, leading to a special election. John Brown (Democratic-Republican) 99.7%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 72.3%
Thomas Williams (Democratic-Republican) 27.5%

MassachusettsEdit

Massachusetts held its elections November 5, 1810. Massachusetts law required a majority for election. This was not met in the 15th district necessitating a second election on April 1, 1811.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Josiah Quincy Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Josiah Quincy (Federalist) 68.9%
David Tilden (Democratic-Republican) 31.1%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Benjamin Pickman Jr. Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
William Reed (Federalist) 53.6%
Daniel Kilham (Democratic-Republican) 46.4%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Edward St. Loe Livermore Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Leonard White (Federalist) 62.6%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 33.5%
Nehemiah Cleveland (Federalist) 3.9%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 69.2%
Loammi Baldwin Jr. (Federalist) 30.8%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
William Ely Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. William Ely (Federalist) 70.4%
Samuel Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 29.0%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 72.1%
Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 27.9%
Massachusetts 7
"Plymouth district"
Charles Turner Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Charles Turner Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 53.5%
William Baylies (Federalist) 46.5%
Massachusetts 8
"Barnstable district"
Gideon Gardner Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Isaiah L. Green (Democratic-Republican) 57.1%
Francis Rotch (Federalist) 42.7%
Massachusetts 9
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 51.8%
Nathaniel Morton (Democratic-Republican) 48.0%
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Joseph Allen Federalist 1810 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Elijah Brigham (Federalist) 53.5%
John Spurr (Democratic-Republican) 46.4%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
Abijah Bigelow Federalist 1810 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Abijah Bigelow (Federalist) 70.6%
Timothy Whiting (Democratic-Republican) 28.5%
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Ezekiel Bacon Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Ezekiel Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
Thomas Ives (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Ebenezer Seaver (Democratic-Republican) 63.2%
Timothy Jackson (Federalist) 21.2%
James Richardson 10.2%
James Mann 4.2%
Others 1.2%
Massachusetts 14
"York district," District of Maine
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republicans 1801 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Cutts (Democratic-Republican) 62.7%
Cyrus King (Federalist) 37.3%
Massachusetts 15
"Cumberland district," District of Maine
Ezekiel Whitman Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot
November 5, 1810
:
Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 47.8%[k]
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 47.8%[k]
Others 4.4%

Second ballot
April 1, 1811
:
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 53.2%
Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 46.8%
Massachusetts 16
"Lincoln district," District of Maine
Orchard Cook Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Peleg Tallman (Democratic-Republican) 61.1%
Alden Bradford (Federalist) 38.9%
Massachusetts 17
"Kennebec district," District of Maine
Barzillai Gannett Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Barzillai Gannett (Democratic-Republican) 60.5%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 39.5%

New HampshireEdit

New Hampshire law required a candidate to receive votes from a majority of voters (10%). In the initial election, only two candidates won a majority, so a second election was held in April 1811 for the remaining three seats, after the congressional term began but before the Congress formally convened. The data from the source used give majorities to all the top five candidates, suggesting that the data are incomplete.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Daniel Blaisdell Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (August 27, 1810):
Josiah Bartlett Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 10.2%
Samuel Dinsmoor (Democratic-Republican) 10.1%
George Sullivan (Federalist) 10.1%
William Hale (Federalist) 10.1%
Roger Vose (Federalist) 10.0%
Daniel Blaisdell (Federalist) 10.0%
Obed Hall (Democratic-Republican) 10.0%
John Adams Harper (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
James Wilson (Federalist) 9.8%
David Morrill (Democratic-Republican) 9.8%[14]

Second ballot (April 1, 1811):
John Adams Harper (Democratic-Republican) 21.2%
Obed Hall (Democratic-Republican) 21.2%
George Sullivan (Federalist) 19.2%
William Hale (Federalist) 19.1%
Daniel Blaisdell (Federalist) 18.9%
Roger Vose (Federalist) 0.3%[15]
John Curtis Chamberlain Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Hale Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Appleton Haven Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Wilson Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

New JerseyEdit

The Federalists ran no official ticket in 1810, but votes were received for various Federalists in some counties.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Adam Boyd Democratic-Republican 1803
1804 (Retired)
1808 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Adam Boyd (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Lewis Condict (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
George C. Maxwell (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Jacob Hufty (Democratic-Republican) 16.3%
Thomas Newbold (Democratic-Republican) 16.3%
James Morgan (Democratic-Republican) 16.1%
Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 0.6%
William Coxe Jr. (Federalist) 0.4%
John Neilson (Federalist) 0.4%
Richard Stockton (Federalist) 0.3%
Thomas Sinnickson (Federalist) 0.2%
John Beatty (Federalist) 0.2%
Thomas Newbold Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected.
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John A. Scudder Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jacob Hufty Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

New YorkEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Ebenezer Sage (Democratic-Republican) 93.5%
David Gardiner (Federalist) 6.5%
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Denning Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned in 1810.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Samuel L. Mitchill (Democratic-Republican) 26.4%
William Paulding Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 26.1%
John B. Coles (Federalist) 23.8%
Peter A. Jay (Federalist) 23.7%
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 3 Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pierre Van Cortlandt Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 63.9%
John Bradner (Federalist) 36.1%
New York 4 James Emott Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. James Emott (Federalist) 51.1%
Daniel C. Verplanck (Democratic-Republican) 48.9%
New York 5 Barent Gardenier Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas B. Cooke (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Gerrit Abeel (Federalist) 47.9%
New York 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Herman Knickerbocker Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Asa Fitch (Federalist) 25.6%
Robert Le Roy Livingston (Federalist) 25.6%
Roger Skinner (Democratic-Republican) 24.4%
James L. Hogeboom (Democratic-Republican) 24.4%
Robert Le Roy Livingston Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 Killian Van Rensselaer Federalist 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Harmanus Bleecker (Federalist) 57.6%
John V. Veeder (Democratic-Republican) 42.4%
New York 8 John Thompson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Pond (Democratic-Republican) 57.6%
James McCrea (Federalist) 42.4%
New York 9 Thomas Sammons Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected in a different party.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Sammons (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
Richard Van Horne (Federalist) 47.4%
New York 10 John Nicholson Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Silas Stow (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
Simeon Ford (Federalist) 48.7%
New York 11 Thomas R. Gold Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas R. Gold (Federalist) 52.6%
Thomas Skinner (Democratic-Republican) 47.4%
New York 12 Erastus Root Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Arunah Metcalf (Democratic-Republican) 56.2%
John M. Bowers (Federalist) 43.8%
New York 13 Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Uri Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 60.2%
Nathaniel Waldron (Federalist) 39.8%
New York 14 Vincent Mathews Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Daniel Avery (Democratic-Republican) 69.8%
John Harris (Federalist) 30.2%
New York 15 Peter B. Porter Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Peter B. Porter (Democratic-Republican) 59.1%
Ebenezer F. Norton (Federalist) 40.9%

North CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Lemuel Sawyer (Democratic-Republican) 61.4%
William Hinton (Democratic-Republican) 37.1%
Joseph Riddick (Democratic-Republican) 1.5%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican) 65.9%
Joseph H. Bryon (Federalist) 34.1%
North Carolina 3 William Kennedy Democratic-Republican 1803
1804 (Lost re-election)
1808
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Blount (Democratic-Republican)[f]
North Carolina 4 John Stanly Federalist 1800
1803 (Lost re-election)
1808
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Blackledge (Democratic-Republican) 54.8%
William Gaston (Federalist) 45.2%
North Carolina 5 Thomas Kenan Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William R. King (Democratic-Republican) 67.8%
Christopher Dudley (Federalist) 32.2%
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican) 100%
North Carolina 7 Archibald McBryde Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Archibald McBryde (Federalist) 57.4%
John Culpepper (Federalist) 42.6%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (Democratic-Republican) 100%
North Carolina 9 James Cochran Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. James Cochran (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
Theophilus Lacy (Democratic-Republican) 43.0%
North Carolina 10 Joseph Pearson Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Pearson (Federalist) 63.8%
James Wallis (Democratic-Republican) 36.4%
North Carolina 11 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Israel Pickens (Democratic-Republican) 50.5%
Felix Walker (Democratic-Republican) 39.8%
John Stevelie (Democratic-Republican) 9.7%
North Carolina 12 Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Meshack Franklin (Democratic-Republican)[f]

OhioEdit

This was the last election in which Ohio had a single at-large district. Due to rapid population growth in the state, the at-large district had become disproportionately populous by this point.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio at-large Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Morrow (Democratic-Republican) 99.4%
Others 0.6%

PennsylvaniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[16]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Adam Seybert (Democratic-Republican) 19.8%
William Anderson (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
James Milnor (Federalist) 13.7%
Thomas Truxton (Federalist) 13.7%
Thomas Dick (Federalist) 13.4%
John Porter (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
Robert McMullin (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
William Anderson Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected.
John Porter Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert Brown (Democratic-Republican) 19.1%
Jonathan Roberts (Democratic-Republican) 19.0%
William Rodman (Democratic-Republican) 18.9%
William Milnor (Federalist) 14.5%
Levi Paulding (Federalist) 14.2%
William Latimere (Federalist) 13.9%
Charles Miner (Federalist) 0.4%
William Milnor Federalist 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Ross Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Jenkins Federalist 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Joseph Lefever (Democratic-Republican) 18.4%
Roger Davis (Democratic-Republican) 18.3%
John M. Hyneman (Democratic-Republican) 17.2%
Daniel Hiester (Federalist)[l] 16.0%
Samuel Bethel (Federalist) 15.1%
Mark J. Biddle (Federalist) 15.0%
Matthias Richards Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 50.0%
Robert Whitehill (Democratic-Republican) 50.0%
David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 George Smith Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. George Smith (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 6 William Crawford Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. William Crawford (Democratic-Republican) 56.6%
David Cassat (Federalist) 43.4%
Pennsylvania 7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Piper (Democratic-Republican) 58.5%
John Rea (Democratic-Republican) 41.5%
Pennsylvania 8 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. William Findley (Democratic-Republican) 60.9%
John Kirkpatrick (Democratic-Republican) 39.1%
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1792
1798
Incumbent re-elected. John Smilie (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 10 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Aaron Lyle (Democratic-Republican) 70.4%
Thomas L. Birch (Federalist) 29.6%
Pennsylvania 11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Abner Lacock (Democratic-Republican) 51.0%
Alexander Tannehill (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 5.7%

Rhode IslandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Richard Jackson Jr. Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Elisha R. Potter (Federalist) 25.7%
Richard Jackson Jr. (Federalist) 25.6%
Nathaniel Hazard (Democratic-Republican) 24.5%
Nathan Brown (Democratic-Republican) 24.2%
Elisah R. Potter Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected.

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent then resigned December 4, 1810 and successor was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Langdon Cheves (Democratic-Republican) 89.2%[i]
Others 10.8%
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort district"
William Butler Sr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. William Butler Sr. (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Edmund Bacon (Democratic-Republican)
Francisco Annone (Federalist)
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
Robert Witherspoon Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David R. Williams (Democratic-Republican) 94.4%[i]
Moses Glover (Federalist) 5.6%
South Carolina 4
"Orangeburgh district"
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Lowndes (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%[i]
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 47.8%
South Carolina 5
"Sumter district"
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1802 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard Winn (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 6
"Abbeville district"
Joseph Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John C. Calhoun (Democratic-Republican) 72.2%[i]
John A. Elmore (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
Eastland[m](Federalist)
South Carolina 7
"Chester district"
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Moore (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 8
"Pendleton district"
Lemuel J. Alston Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 58.0%
William Hunter (Federalist) 42.0%

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. John Rhea (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 2 Robert Weakley Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Sevier (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 3 Pleasant M. Miller Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Felix Grundy (Democratic-Republican) 60.4%
Isaac Roberts 21.7%
James Winchester 17.9%

VermontEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
Vermont 1 Samuel Shaw Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 64.4%
Chauncey Langdon (Federalist) 33.5%
Vermont 2 Jonathan H. Hubbard Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Strong (Democratic-Republican) 53.4%
Jonathan H. Hubbard (Federalist) 42.1%
Aaron Leland (Democratic-Republican) 1.7%
Vermont 3 William Chamberlain Federalist 1802
1805 (Lost)
1808
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 56.7%
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 41.3%
Vermont 4 Martin Chittenden Federalist 1802 Incumbent re-elected. Martin Chittenden (Federalist) 50.0%
Ezra Butler (Democratic-Republican) 47.5%

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
Virginia 1 William McKinley Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Wilson (Federalist) 52.3%
William McKinley (Democratic-Republican) 47.7%[17]
Virginia 2 James Stephenson Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Baker (Federalist) 56.5%
Daniel Morgan (Democratic-Republican) 43.5%
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 4 Jacob Swoope Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William McCoy (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
Samuel Blackburn (Federalist) 47.4%
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. James Breckinridge (Federalist) 58.4%
Thomas L. Preston (Democratic-Republican) 41.6%
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. Daniel Sheffey (Federalist)
Unopposed
Virginia 7 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Lewis Jr. (Federalist) 80.0%
John Love (Democratic-Republican) 19.9%
John Love
Moved from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1807 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Virginia 8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Taliaferro (Democratic-Republican), was seated on December 2, 1811 after successfully challenging the election in the House Committee on Elections.[10]
John Hungerford (Democratic-Republican) 50.2%[18]
John Taliaferro (Democratic-Republican) 49.8%
Virginia 9 Open seat Open seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Aylett Hawes (Democratic-Republican) 72.7%
George F. Strother (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%
Virginia 10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 11 John Roane Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent re-elected. John Roane[f] (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent re-elected. Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 59.5%[i]
John Eyre (Federalist) 40.5%
Virginia 13 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican)[n]
John Kerr (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 15 John Randolph
Moved from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 67.8%
John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
John W. Eppes
Moved from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1807 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Virginia 16 Open seat Open seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 17 Thomas Gholson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Gholson Jr. (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican) 62.2%
Samuel Butler (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 97.7%
Robert B. Taylor (Federalist) 2.3%
Virginia 21 David S. Garland Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Hugh Nelson (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Virginia 22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed

Non-voting delegatesEdit

There were five territories with the right to send non-voting delegates to the 12th Congress. Two of them, Illinois Territory and Missouri Territory elected their first representative near the end of the 12th Congress in 1812, while Orleans Territory's seat remained vacant until the territory was admitted as the State of Louisiana.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[j]
Indiana Territory at-large Jonathan Jennings 1809 [Data unknown/missing.] Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan Jennings 65.1%
Thomas Randolph 34.9%
Mississippi Territory at-large George Poindexter 1806 [Data unknown/missing.] Incumbent re-elected. George Poindexter 64.6%
Robert Williams 28.2%
David Cooper 6.7%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted during the 12th Congress.
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections.
  3. ^ Frederick Muhlenberg was elected on the first day the 1st Congress achieved a quorum, but that was not the first day that Muhlenberg was in the U.S. Capitol.
  4. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in one district, so a second election held April 1, 1811.
  5. ^ First ballot held August 27, 1810 but required majority was not met, so a second election was held April 1, 1811.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source(s).
  7. ^ John Brown's resignation date is unknown, but it had to be after his October 1, 1810 re-election and before the November 15, 1810 special election to replace him.
  8. ^ a b The vacancies, for the remainder of the 11th Congress and the whole of the 12th Congress, were both filled by one ballot. This was the first of three examples of this method being used in Congressional special elections.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Based on incomplete returns
  10. ^ a b c d e f Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  11. ^ a b Tied
  12. ^ Changed parties
  13. ^ Source did not have full name
  14. ^ Detailed data not available, but margin of victory given as 223 votes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "11th Congress March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1811". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "New York 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  3. ^ "Connecticut 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  4. ^ "Maryland 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Worcester South District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  6. ^ "Massachusetts 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Worcester North District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  7. ^ "New Jersey 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Maryland 1810 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  9. ^ "South Carolina 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d "12th Congress March 4, 1811, to March 3, 1813". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  11. ^ "Maryland 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  12. ^ "Massachusetts 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, Middlesex District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  13. ^ "Massachusetts 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, Middlesex District, Special, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  14. ^ "NH At-Large". January 4, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  15. ^ "NH At-Large - Runoff". January 4, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  16. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  17. ^ "Virginia 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  18. ^ "Virginia 1811 U.S. House of Representatives, District 8". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 3, 2018.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit