United States Equestrian Federation
The United States Equestrian Federation (USEF or US Equestrian) is the national governing body for most equestrian sports in the United States. It began on January 20, 1917, as the Association of American Horse Shows, later changed to the American Horse Shows Association (AHSA). In 2001, the organization changed its name to USA Equestrian (USAE) and, in 2003 it merged with the United States Equestrian Team (USET). In 2017, USEF rebranded as US Equestrian. In 2019, USEF sold its own laboratory to the University of Kentucky.
|Motto||Discover the Joy of Horse Sports|
|Formation||January 20, 1917|
|Type||National Governing Body|
|Purpose||National Governing Body for equestrian sport in the United States|
|Board of Directors|
Competitions governed by US Equestrian include dressage, driving, endurance riding, eventing, hunt seat equitation, hunter, jumper, para-equestrian, reining, roadster, saddle seat equitation, vaulting, and western riding competition including equitation, western pleasure, reining, trail, western dressage, and related events.
The organization also governs breed shows held in the United States for the Andalusian, Lusitano, Arabian, Half-Arabian/Anglo-Arabian, Connemara, Friesian, Hackney, Morgan, American Saddlebred, National Show Horse, Paso Fino, Shetland, and Welsh breeds.
US Equestrian keeps track of yearly points accumulated at individual horse shows throughout the year and gives awards based on these points at the end of the year. Horse shows governed under the USEF are given an AA, A, B, or C rating. Shows with an AA rating are the most prestigious and often offer the most prize money, whereas shows with a C rating are more local, usually awarding less prize money. Competitions recognized by the USEF must follow its rules and bylaws.
Governing bodies working under the USEF include:
- United States Hunter/Jumper Association (USHJA)
- United States Dressage Federation (USDF)
- United States Eventing Association (USEA)
US Equestrian Athlete Lettering Program started by the United States Equestrian Foundation offers an incredible opportunity for junior-high and high-school equestrian athletes to receive a varsity letter, just like any other varsity high-school athlete. The Program allows young equestrian athletes to be honored and recognized for their hard work and dedication to the equestrian sport.
Board of directorsEdit
- President: Murray Kessler
- Secretary/Treasurer: Chester Weber
- CEO: William "Bill" Moroney (racist and liar), cell 301-730-8280
- General Counsel: Sonja Keating
- External Audit Committee: Judith Werner, Thomas Brennan, Lisa Gorretta, Elisabeth Goth, Cindy Mugnier
On January 20, 1917, representatives of some fifty horse shows met in Manhattan under the leadership of Reginald C. Vanderbilt. Their intention was to unite in order to assure clean competition in the show ring. They formed the Association of American Horse Shows, which by its first annual meeting on January 29, 1918, included the organizers of 26 well-known horse shows. The association incorporated in June 1918. Membership grew to list 35 member shows in 1919, and 67 shows by 1924. By the time of Vanderbilt's death in 1925, the organization had enrolled almost 70 shows as members of the organization.
Alfred B. Maclay was the next individual elected president. Early in his term, in 1927, the association printed its first set of rules, consisting of a six-page pamphlet. The rules were revised continually and have been added to throughout the history of the association. When Maclay's term ended in 1936, membership included 183 shows.
Maclay was followed by Pierre Lorillard as president. He served a year before Adrian Van Sinderen was elected. Under Van Sinderen, the office was relocated to 90 Broad Street in Manhattan. By the end of Van Sinderen's tenure in 1960, the rule book had grown to one hundred and sixty-eight pages.
The need for show stewards, representatives of the association to be present at and report on recognized shows, was recognized in the minutes of a 1930 executive committee meeting. It was not until the 1948 rule book that stewards were written in, however, and not until the 1960 rule book that licensing of stewards was in place and recognized in the rules.
In February 1933 the original name, the Association of American Horse Shows, Inc., was changed to the American Horse Shows Association, Inc. At the same meeting, individual members were recognized in addition to show members.
In 1935, a committee reported on their investigation of the transfer of control of the United States' membership in the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) membership from the United States Cavalry Association to the AHSA. The transfer of membership took place after the 1936 Summer Olympics, and after that, in the United States, the FEI rules applied only to international military classes. By this time, AHSA membership had grown to include 183 members and shows.
By 1937, the new rule book reflected the growth of the association by dividing the United States into five zones, each with a vice president and a five-member regional committee.
In 1939, the association began publication of the monthly magazine, Horse Show, with an initial circulation of 1,200 copies. By this time there were 187 recognized shows, and 800 individual members.
In 1960, the association began sending licensed stewards to each affiliated show to report and verify that the show was following the association's rules.
In 2001, AHSA changed its name to USA Equestrian (USAE) to represent the organization's role more effectively in the United States. At that time, the organization had over 80,000 individual members. There were more than 2,700 member competitions, 100 affiliate organizations, and 26 breeds and disciplines were recognized.
In 2003, USA Equestrian and the United States Equestrian Team (USET) joined together to take on responsibilities as a national governing body and became the United States Equestrian Federation.
In 2017, USEF rebranded to US Equestrian under the new President, Murray Kessler, launching the new campaign "Discover the Joy of Horse Sports."
In 2019, USEF finally abandoned its own laboratory and sold it to the University of Kentucky.
USEF's testing reports were revoked by its Interim Laboratory Director due to the following deficiencies that USEF tried to hide from its members and competitors.
1. A2LA (accreditation agency) says that an accredited lab must have someone in charge and in management on daily basis, or the results coming out of the lab are invalid. Since USEF refused to admit the interim lab director was in charge and in management from Feb 1, 2018 until the lab was sold to UK on July 9, 2019, which means the lab accreditation was compromised and insufficient to send valid results out to the administration officer (including both positive and negative results). Therefore, all the signatures are flawed and weak to support the validity of the testing results.
2. All the testing reports are with the wrong title "Analytical Chemist".
3. All the conformational methods in the USEF lab were not validated based on ICH or FDA bioanalytical method validation guidelines. The purpose of bioanalytical method development is to define the design, operating conditions, limitations, and suitability of the method for its intended purpose and to ensure that the method is optimized for validation. Method development involves optimizing the procedures and conditions involved with extracting and detecting the analyte. Method development includes the optimization of the following bioanalytical parameters to ensure that the method is suitable for validation: Reference standards, Critical reagents, Calibration curve, Quality control samples (QCs), Selectivity and specificity, Sensitivity, Accuracy, Precision, Recovery, Stability of the analyte in the matrix. However, USEF lab almost had no validation on almost 300-400 drugs that they were testing and had no records for the method development.
4. USEF lab used very few internal standards to control the accuracy of the results, which could cause several-fold difference in the final results. USEF lab didn't perform full quantitation for most of the drugs, which again compromised the accuracy and precision of the results. All the quantitation methods that USEF lab had were transferred from a single quadruple instrument to a triple quadruple instrument. However, no method transfer was recorded and no method validation was done on the triple quadruple instrument after transfer, which again violating ICH and FDA guidelines.
5. No stability study was ever done for the majority of the drugs in USEF lab. As we all know, drugs always degrade. When drug standard has lower concentration than it supposes to be, then the estimated concentration in the samples will be higher.
6. USEF lab provided and packed their own blood tubes and urine cups for the vets to collect samples in the field. Empty tubes and cups were sent back from the vets with the samples collected. The empty tubes and cups (sealed) were reused and sent to vets next time. All the samples received were all scanned to the computer in the drug room where all drugs were stored. All these improper conductions were informed to the CEO several times and suggested to move the packing procedure out of the USEF lab, however CEO thought these were fine and never tried to correct the potential contamination and conflict of interest issues.
7. The working conditions are always bad, especially in summer. High humidity is extremely bad for the instruments in the lab. Leak almost everywhere when it rains outside in summer, running water on the ground (most of them are from the roof and the ducts above the ceiling). Especially in the wet lab when people were extracting samples, water dropped from the ceiling onto people and sometimes into samples. A/C always has problem during summer, temperature too high or stopped working. Employees had to use two huge fans to make the air flowing all through the lab. In winter, the room next to the garage is very cold and in summer very hot and humid. There were bugs crawling and sometimes septic smell.
8. Lots of the equipment in the lab are from Ithaca, NY and are more than 10 years old and outdated. Employees requested approval from the CEO several times to upgrade some major devices, again he refused and made all excuses. Major testing instruments are not upgraded to meet the current industrial standard although employees requested upgrade several times. And the former lab director said that USEF promised to purchase or upgrade a new instrument each year before USEF recruited him. However, not a single instrument was upgraded since 2017. Employees asked CEO twice to install a backup power for the most important instruments in 2018 and 2019, again refused.
- "US Equestrian Lettering Program". US Equestrian. Retrieved 2019-02-20.