United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois (in case citations, E.D. Ill.) is a former federal district court for the state of Illinois. The court was established on March 3, 1905, by 33 Stat. 992. The Northern and Southern Districts had been established on February 13, 1855. The statute establishing the Eastern District specified the counties to be included in that District as follows:
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois|
Map indicating the changing Districts of Illinois
|Location||Melvin Price Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Seventh Circuit|
|Established||March 3, 1905|
|Abolished||March 31, 1979|
- Kankakee, Iroquois, Ford, Vermilion, Champaign, Piatt, Moultrie, Douglas, Edgar, Shelby, Coles, Clark, Cumberland, Effingham, Fayette, Marion, Clay, Jasper, Crawford, Lawrence, Richland, Clinton, Saint Clair, Washington, Jefferson, Wayne, Edwards, Wabash, White, Hamilton, Franklin, Perry, Randolph, Monroe, Gallatin, Saline, Williamson, Jackson, Hardin, Pope, Johnson, Union, Alexander, Pulaski, and Massac.
On October 2, 1978, Illinois was reorganized into the Northern, Central, and Southern Districts, with thirteen judgeships authorized for the Northern District, two for the Central District, and two for the Southern District.
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Francis Marion Wright||IL||1844–1917||1905–1917||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|2||George W. English||IL||1866–1941||1918–1926||—||—||Wilson||resignation|
|3||Walter C. Lindley||IL||1880–1958||1922–1949||—||—||Harding||elevation to 7th Cir.|
|4||Fred Louis Wham||IL||1884–1967||1927–1956||1949–1956||1956–1967||Coolidge||death|
|6||William George Juergens||IL||1904–1988||1956–1972||1965–1972||1972–1979||Eisenhower||reassignment to S.D. Ill.|
|7||Henry Seiler Wise||IL||1909–1982||1966–1978||1972–1978||1978–1979||L. Johnson||reassignment to C.D. Ill.|
|8||James L. Foreman||IL||1927–2012||1972–1979||1978–1979||—||Nixon||reassignment to S.D. Ill.|
|9||Harold A. Baker||IL||1929–present||1978–1979||—||—||Carter||reassignment to C.D. Ill.|
|Abolished on March 31, 1979 by 92 Stat. 883|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit