United States Antarctic Program
The United States Antarctic Program (or USAP; formerly known as the United States Antarctic Research Program or USARP and the United States Antarctic Service or USAS) is an organization of the United States government which has presence in the continent of Antarctica. Founded in 1959, the USAP manages all U.S. scientific research and related logistics in Antarctica as well as aboard ships in the Southern Ocean.
USAP hangar at Christchurch International Airport, Christchurch, New Zealand
|Government agency overview|
|Employees||3,000 (seasonal maximum)|
|Annual budget||US$356 million (FY2008)|
|Parent Government agency||Division of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation|
Map of Antarctica showing USAP field research sites and research vessels
"...to understand the Antarctic and its associated ecosystems; to understand the region's effects on, and responses to, global processes such as climate; and to use Antarctica's unique features for scientific research that cannot be done as well elsewhere."
Programs and servicesEdit
The U.S. Antarctic Program, funded by the National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs, supports only research that can be done exclusively in Antarctica or that can be done best from Antarctica. The scientific disciplines encompassed by the USAP are astronomy, atmospheric sciences, biology, earth science, environmental science, geology, glaciology, marine biology, oceanography, and geophysics. Currently, the USAP maintains three year-round research stations in Antarctica, the McMurdo Station, the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, and the Palmer Station. In addition, the USAP operates several summer research camps and several research vessels that sail in the Antarctic waters.
- "Fact Sheet: U.S. Antarctic Program". USAP. National Science Foundation. January 10, 2013. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- "2009-2010 Season Summary and Background" (PDF). USAP. National Science Foundation. January 8, 2010. p. 24. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- "Antarctic Research nsf08535". National Science Foundation. January 16, 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- "United States Antarctic Program". Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- "U.S. Antarctic Program". Fact Sheet. The National Science Foundation. December 29, 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- "U.S. Antarctic Program". Fact Sheet. The National Science Foundation. January 10, 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2015.