United New Democratic Party
The Grand Unified Democratic New Party (Hangul: 대통합민주신당, Hanja: 大統合民主新黨, Abbreviation: GUDNP, lit. Grand Unified Democratic New Party) was a political party of South Korea. It was known as the Future Creative Grand Unified Democratic New Party until 5 August 2007. It was formed out of the Uri Party and its resulting splinter groups. Chung Dong-young was the UNDP candidate in the 2007 South Korean presidential election; he lost to Lee Myung-bak. On February 17, 2008, the party merged with the Democratic Party to form the United Democratic Party.
|Founded||5 August 2007|
|Dissolved||17 February 2008|
|Preceded by||Uri Party|
|Merged into||United Democratic Party|
|Headquarters||15-16 Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, South Korea|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|Colours||Orange, Green (informally)|
|United New Democratic Party|
|Revised Romanization||Daetonghap Minju sindang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Taet'onghap Minju sindang|
|Future Creative Grand Unified Democratic New Party|
|Revised Romanization||Mirae Changjo Daetonghap Minju Sindang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Mirae ch'angjo taet'ongham minju shindang|
The party was formed when loyalists to president Roh Moo-hyun in the Uri Party chose to break ranks from other party members who showed lukewarm support for the administration. Some 80 out of 152 lawmakers of the Uri Party joined the new party, a conservative-liberal minority group from the Hannara Party (led by Son Hak-Gyu), and a group of progressive civil rights' group from outside South Korean politics also joined, seeking to complete political reforms.
As a result of merge with the Uri Party, this party has been ranked as the biggest political party in the legislative by 140 of 298 seats (as of January 14, 2008). After receiving a 'shocked' result at the 2007 presidential election, the delegates of its party decided to elect a new leader, with adopting a 'Papal conclave'-style system. On January 11, with more than a half delegates' vote, Son Hak-Gyu was elected to lead at the 2008 parliamentary election.
Principles of policiesEdit
This party's platform emphasized these 4 key ideologies.
Presidential election primaryEdit
These list of key events has been managed by its public primary election committee(국민경선위원회).
- August 21 and August 22, 2007 - Official announcement has been made by its committee. Registration process has been done.
- August 25, 2007 - The full list of official candidate for the primary has been announced. 'Cut-off' process begins.
- August 27, 2007 - 'The policy debate' for its candidates has been done.
- September 5, 2007 - The result of cut-off election (to nominate 5 candidates to go to its primary) will be announced.
- September 5 to September 14, 2007 - Nationwide 'Policy debate'(tour) will be held in several cities.
- September 15 to October 14, 2007 - The primary election will be held in 8 multi-regional areas. (see 'Results' for more details)
- October 14, 2007 - Chung Dong-young was elected as the official presidential candidate of the party.
- Cut-off process (August 25 ~ September 5)
- The official result of cut-off process has been combining a result from public poll(50%), and a poll result from its 10,000 randomly selected delegates(50%). 'Public poll' has been conducted from all eligible voters (whether this party is in favour or not).
- Top-5 candidates who earn more votes will join to its official primary(Result has been announced-see 'Candidates')
- Primary election (September 15 ~ October 14)
- 1. Regional Rounds from 8 multi-provincial divisions (see below)
- 2. The total number of 'Mobile vote' cast
- 3. Public opinion polls which conducted from October 8 to 14
Method 1 and 2 grants exactly 90% of results (Method 3 grants 10%). The official candidate of this party will be nominated on October 14, just after the last regional rounds finishes. Due to the executives of this party's decision, All candidates did not contested during the Hangawi holidays and the 2007 Inter-Korean summit periods.
As of August 25, 2007, 9 politicians has been set up to their presidential bid. Before starting their official primary to the South Korean public, they have to access the 'cut-off' process to reduce from 9 to 5. Later, the number of candidates reduced to 3 after ex-Health and Welfare Minister Rhyu Si-min and former Prime Minister Han Myeong-sook quit the race. Here's a list of official candidates of the UNDP primary that announced on September 5, 2007, 05:30GMT.
|Son Hak-Gyu(손학규)||Former governor of Gyeonggi-do||Advanced economy, Integral society, Peace of Korean Peninsula||led a conservative-liberal group from Hannara party|
|Chung Dong-young(정동영)||Former Minister of Unification||Continental and peaceful economy, '40 million middle-class' plan, Air-7 project||Former chairperson of Uri Party|
|Lee Hae Chan(이해찬)||Member for Gwanak-gu-eul||Stable peace-footing of Korean Peninsula, Employment&Education21, Social integration, Matured democracy||Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea(36th)|
(Placed in order. Not considered its cut-off results. Based as of September 23, 2007)
|Region||Date||Voters||turnout||Son Hak-gyu||Chung Dong-young||Lee Hae-chan||Total|
|Ulsan and Jeju||September 15||84,257||18.9%||4,089(26.1%)||5,265(33.6%)||3,414(21.8%)||15,658|
|Gangwon-do and North Chungcheong||September 16||93,834||20.9%||5,279(26.9%)||8,645(44.0%)||5,511(28.1%)||19,626|
|Gwangju and South Jeolla||September 29||246,518||22.63%||19,906(35.68%)||26,065(46.71%)||9,826(17.61%)||55,797|
|Busan and South Gyeongsang||September 30||209,518||14.61%||8,577(28.01%)||11,150(36.42%)||10,890(35.57%)||30,617|
|Daejeon, South Chungcheong and North Jeolla||October 14||9,467(16.12%)||42,026(71.56%)||7,236(12.32%)||58,729|
|Incheon and Gyeonggi||October 14||16,747(41.88%)||16,142(40.37%)||7,098(17.75%)||39,987|
|Daegu and North Gyeongsang||October 14||3,547(38.96%)||2,706(29.72%)||2,851(31.32%)||9,104|
|Mobile votes||October 4–14||238,725||74.33%||70,031(39.46%)||62,138(35.02%)||45,284(25.52%)||177,453|
|Opinion polls||October 8–14||-||-||17,525(35.34%)||21,850(44.06%)||10,216(20.60%)||49,591|
Source: The current status of the UNDP Primary, Seoprise.com, Retrieved on October 1, 2007.
Re-merge with Democratic PartyEdit
On February,2007, Kim-Han-Kil, who was the flood leader of Uri party, decided to defect Uri party (열린우리당) with 23 councilors. And, they formed the new party (their purpose was the destruction of Uri party (열린우리당), and the president Roh-Mu-Hyun, and his supporters). And some councilors of Uri party (열린우리당), supporters of Kim-Han-Kil, and supporters of Son-Hak-Gyu merged, and then they formed the United New Democracy Party (대통합민주신당).
On February 17, 2008, the UNDP merged with the Democratic Party (민주당), forming the United Democratic Party (통합민주당). This was four years after the Uri Party (열린우리당)'s split from the Millennium Democratic Party (새천년민주당). 
|Election||Candidate||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome|
|2007||Chung Dong-young||6,174,681||26.1%||Lost N|
- Sohn Hak-kyu chosen to lead United New Democratic Party, the Hankyoreh, Retrieved on January 11, 2008
- Official Platform of the UNDP Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine(Korean), the UNDP, Retrieved on August 7, 2007
- The process of UNDP primary, Public primary election committee of the UNDP, 2007
- Daily Briefing of the UNDP(Korean), Spokesperson of the UNDP, Retrieved on August 24, 2007
- The cut-off of UNDP Primary will reduce from 9 to 5(Korean), Yonhap, Retrieved on August 25, 2007
- Chung Dong-young Leads 3-Way Nomination Race
- Son Hak-gyu, Han Myeong-suk, Lee Hae-chan, Chung Dong-yong, Rhyu Si-min(Korean), Ohmynews, Retrieved on September 5, 2007
- 통합민주당 공식 출범, the Hankyoreh, Retrieved on March 5, 2008
- Official Homepage (in Korean) (International homepage is under construction)
- Official Infopage for the 2007 presidential primary(in Korean)