United Nations Korea Medal
The United Nations Service Medal for Korea (UNKM) is an international military decoration established by the United Nations on December 12, 1950 as the United Nations Service Medal. The decoration was the first international award ever created by the United Nations and recognized the multi-national defense forces which participated in the Korean War.
|United Nations Service Medal for Korea|
United Nations Korea Medal: obverse and English language reverse
|Awarded by United Nations|
|Eligibility||All United Nations forces|
|Awarded for||Campaign service|
|Campaign(s)||Korean War 1950–53|
|Description||Bronze disk, 35mm diameter|
|Established||12 December 1950|
|Related||Republic of Korea War Service Medal|
Korea Medal (British Commonwealth)
Korean Service Medal (United States)
The United Nations Service Medal (Korea) is awarded to any military service member, of an Armed Force allied with South Korea, who participated in the defense of South Korea from North Korea between the dates of June 27, 1950 and July 27, 1954. The military forces of the Netherlands are awarded the medal for service to January 1, 1955, while the armed forces of Thailand and Sweden grant the award to July 27, 1955.
International Red Cross personnel engaged for service during the war with any United Nations relief team in Korea were not eligible for the medal.
The ultimate award authority of the United Nations Service Medal is United Nations Commander-in-Chief of military forces in Korea. Most countries consider the United Nations Service Medal an automatic decoration, if some other Korean service award was bestowed, and generally award the medal without requesting permission through United Nations channels. For instance, in the United States Armed Forces, any service member awarded the Korean Service Medal is automatically granted the United Nations Service Medal.
On November 22, 1961, the United Nations officially changed the name of the United Nations Service Medal to the United Nations Service Medal Korea. This was as a prelude to the creation of a large number of subsequent United Nations medals which are awarded for various operations around the world.
The United States and some other countries continue to refer to the medal as the United Nations Service Medal in an effort to maintain consistency with past military files referring to the medal by its original name.
The UN Korea Medal is a 36mm wide circular medal of bronze alloy. The obverse depicts the ‘World-in-a Wreath' emblem of the United Nations. The reverse has the inscription: FOR SERVICE IN DEFENCE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS. Each participating country has the text in the most appropriate language, and the inscription may be in any one of the following languages: Amharic (Ethiopian Empire), Dutch, English, French, Greek, Italian, Korean, Spanish (Colombia), Tagalog (Philippines), Thai or Turkish. The medal hangs from a claw attachment on a straight bar suspension. Each medal is worn with a medal bar bearing the inscription KOREA in the same language as the reverse inscription. The medal's ribbon made up of 17 equal stripes of United Nations Blue (Bluebird 67117) and white, 9 blue and 8 white, each 5⁄64 inch (2.0 mm) wide.
- "Regulations United Nations Service Medal Korea" (PDF). Australian Government, Department of Defence. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Kerrigan, Evans E. (1964). "The Korean War 1950-1953". American War Medals and Decorations. New York: The Viking Press. p. 104. OCLC 702555627.
- Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 270. Published Spink, London. 1988.
- "United Nations Medals". United Nations. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- United Nations Medals, The Institute of Heraldry