United Nations Security Council Resolution 757
United Nations Security Council resolution 757 was adopted on 30 May 1992. After reaffirming resolutions 713 (1991), 721 (1991), 724 (1991), 727 (1992), 740 (1992) 743 (1992), 749 (1992) and 752 (1992), the Council condemned the failure of the authorities in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) to implement Resolution 752.
|UN Security Council|
Map of former Yugoslavia
|Date||30 May 1992|
|13 voted for|
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
After demanding the Croatian Army respect the article 4 of the Resolution 752, the Council stated that all states should abide by the following rules, until Resolution 752 had been implemented. It demanded that all Member States should:
- (a) prevent the import of all products and commodities from Yugoslavia or any activities by their nationals to promote such exports;
- (b) prevent the sale of all products and commodities to Yugoslavia, except for humanitarian need;
- (c) not make available any commercial, industrial, or public utility, funds or financial resources to Yugoslavia;
- (d) deny permission to aircraft to take off from, land or overfly their territory if it is destined to land or has arrived from Yugoslavia, except on humanitarian grounds;
- (e) prohibit the maintenance servicing or engineering of aircraft in or operated by Yugoslavia;
- (f) reduce the level of diplomatic and consular staff in Yugoslavia;
- (g) limit participation in sporting events in the country;
- (h) suspend scientific, technical and cultural exchanges and visits.
The Council further decided that the sanctions should not apply to the United Nations Protection Force, the Conference on Yugoslavia or European Community Monitoring Mission. It also called for a security zone to be established in Sarajevo and its airport, further calling on the Security Council Committee established in Resolution 724 should monitor the arms embargo, and that the Council as a whole will keep the situation under review.
The Yugoslavia football team won qualifying Group 4 for the Euro 1992 finals in June but was disqualified under the UN sanctions; group 4 runner-up Denmark replaced Yugoslavia at the finals and won the tournament.
The resolution came just before the start of the 1992 Summer Olympics, and the International Olympic Committee reached a compromise with the UN whereby the Yugoslav Olympic Committee was not invited to the games but Yugoslav athletes were permitted to compete under the label Independent Olympic Participants, and likewise at the 1992 Summer Paralympics as Independent Paralympic Participants.
- Gowlland-Debbas, Vera; Tehindrazanarivelo, Djacoba Liva (2004). National implementation of United Nations sanctions: a comparative study. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 358. ISBN 978-90-04-14090-5.
- Weiss, Thomas George (1997). Political gain and civilian pain: humanitarian impacts of economic sanctions. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-0-8476-8703-9.
- Kidane, Fekrou (February – March 1998). "The Olympic Truce" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (19): 5–7.