United Nations Security Council Resolution 1591

United Nations Security Council resolution 1591, adopted on 29 March 2005, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004), 1564 (2004), 1574 (2004), 1585 (2005), 1588 (2005) and 1590 (2005) on the situation in Sudan, the Council placed a travel ban and asset freeze on those "impeding the peace process" in Darfur.[1]

UN Security Council
Resolution 1591
Darfur Sudan map with districts.svg
Darfur region of Sudan
Date29 March 2005
Meeting no.5,153
CodeS/RES/1591 (Document)
SubjectThe situation concerning Sudan
Voting summary
  • 12 voted for
  • None voted against
  • 3 abstained
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

The resolution was adopted by 12 votes in favour to none against and three abstentions from Algeria, China and Russia, who all expressed objections to the use of international sanctions and believed that the resolution failed to recognise the progress made by the Sudanese government.[2]


In the preamble of the resolution, the Council welcomed of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Nairobi, Kenya, by the Sudanese government and Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). It recognised that the parties to the agreement had to bring about peace and prevent further violations of human rights and of the ceasefire in Darfur. The Security Council was also concerned about the humanitarian situation and the safety of aid workers, and called on all parties to co-operate with the African Union Mission in Darfur.

UN Panel of Experts concerning SudanEdit

The United Nations Panel of experts concerning the Sudan was established by the UN Security Council Resolution 1591 of March 2005.[3] Its mandate is to among others monitor the Arms Embargo on Darfur. Their reports can be found at the following link: Reports by the panel of experts submitted through the 1591 Sanctions Committee at the Wayback Machine (archived October 8, 2015). Mr. Thomas W. Bifwoli was coordinator of the Panel from 5 December 2007 until 15 October 2008. Mr Bifwoli had been originally appointed by the UN secretary General Kofi Annan in May 2006 to serve on the UN Panel of Experts as the Customs and Border control expert.[4]


Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council deplored the actions of the Sudanese government, rebel and other armed groups in Darfur for failing in their commitments to the Council and continuing ceasefire violations. There were airstrikes by the government, which had also not disarmed the Janjaweed militia. In this regard, the Council established a Committee to oversee the implementation of Security Council demands against the parties involved in the conflict, and investigate individuals responsible for human rights violations.[5] It was instructed to report regularly to the Council on the situation.

The resolution placed restrictions on those "impeding the peace process" in Darfur, including a travel ban and asset freeze, to enter into force within 30 days unless the parties complied with the Security Council.[6] The Council concluded by reiterating that further measures would be taken in the event of non-compliance by any of the parties.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Security Council imposes travel ban, assets freeze on those impeding peace process in Darfur". United Nations. 29 March 2005.
  2. ^ Rosenthal, Joel H. (2009). Ethics and international affairs (3rd ed.). Georgetown University Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-58901-272-1.
  3. ^ "Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan". Archived from the original on 5 August 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Staff News, Appointments" (PDF). Reve News, Kenya Revenue Authority's in-house staff quarterly newsletter (Issue No. 27). Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  5. ^ König, Doris; Stoll, Peter-Tobias; Röben, Volker (2007). International law today: new challenges and the need for reform?. シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社. p. 80. ISBN 978-3-540-75204-2.
  6. ^ Columbus, Frank H.; Wusu, Olufemi (2006). Politics and economics of Africa, Volume 6. Nova Publishers. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-60021-174-4.

External linksEdit