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United Kingdom general election, 1900

The United Kingdom general election of 1900 was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also referred to as the khaki election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for a further two years). The Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 130 seats, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely due to the Conservative Party winning 163 uncontested seats. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time even though they had only been in existence for a few months. As a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC Members of Parliament in 1900.

United Kingdom general election, 1900
United Kingdom
← 1895 26 September – 24 October 1900 1906 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg
Leader Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Lord Salisbury Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Party Conservative and
Liberal Unionist
Liberal
Leader since April 1881 December 1898
Leader's seat House of Lords Stirling Burghs
Last election 411 seats, 49.2% 177 seats, 45.5%
Seats won 402 183
Seat change Decrease9 Increase6
Popular vote 1,637,683 1,469,500
Percentage 50.2% 45.0%
Swing Increase1.0% Decrease0.5%

  Third party Fourth party
  John Redmond.png Jameskeirhardie.jpg
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour Repr. Cmte.
Leader since 6 February 1900 28 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil
Last election 82 seats, 3.9% Did not contest
Seats won 77 2
Seat change Decrease5 Increase2
Popular vote 57,576 41,900
Percentage 1.8% 1.6%
Swing Decrease2.1% New party

United Kingdom general election 1900.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Elected Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

This was the first time that Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, at a by-election held the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era and the nineteenth century.

Contents

ResultsEdit

UK general election 1900
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 569 402 32 41 −9 60.1 50.2 1,637,683 +1.0
  Liberal Henry C.B. 402 183 38 32 +6 27.4 45.0 1,469,500 −0.5
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 83 77 2 7 −5 11.5 1.8 57,576 −0.8
  Labour Repr. Cmte. Keir Hardie 15 2 2 0 +2 3.0 1.3 41,900 N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A 18 5 5 0 +5 0.6 0.7 23,706
  Independent Conservative N/A 7 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 13,713
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.2 6,423 +0.1
  Independent N/A 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4,800 +0.2
  Scottish Workers Robert Allan 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,107 N/A
  Ind. Liberal Unionist N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,855 N/A
  Independent Labour Bruce Glasier 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 433 +0.0

Total votes cast: 3,514,592. All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown.

Voting summaryEdit

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
50.3%
Liberal
44.74%
Labour
1.78%
Irish Parliamentary
1.64%
Independent
1.45%
Others
0.99%

Seats summaryEdit

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
60%
Liberal
27.31%
Labour
0.3%
Irish Parliamentary
11.49%
Independent Nationalist
0.75%
Independent Liberal
0.15%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Further readingEdit

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987 (1988).
  • Garvin, J. L. The life of Joseph Chamberlain: volume Three 1895-1900 (London, 1934), pp 571–92 on dissolving Parliament; pp 593–607 on Khaki election.
  • Hinton, Guy. "Newcastle and the Boer War: Regional Reactions to an Imperial War." Northern History 52.2 (2015): 272-294. online
  • Marsh, Peter T. Joseph Chamberlain: Entrepreneur in Politics (1994) pp 492–502.
  • Readman, Paul. "The Conservative party, patriotism, and British politics: the case of the general election of 1900." Journal of British Studies 40#1 (2001): 107-145. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 766–83

External linksEdit