United Kingdom general election, 1900
The United Kingdom general election of 1900 was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also referred to as the khaki election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for a further two years). The Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 130 seats, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely due to the Conservative Party winning 163 uncontested seats. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time even though they had only been in existence for a few months. As a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC Members of Parliament in 1900.
All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
Colours denote the winning party.
This was the first time that Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, at a by-election held the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era and the nineteenth century.
|Party||Leader||Standing||Elected||Gained||Unseated||Net||% of total||%||No.||Net %|
|Conservative & Lib. Unionist||Lord Salisbury||569||402||32||41||−9||60.1||50.2||1,637,683||+1.0|
|Irish Parliamentary||John Redmond||83||77||2||7||−5||11.5||1.8||57,576||−0.8|
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||Keir Hardie||15||2||2||0||+2||3.0||1.3||41,900||N/A|
|Scottish Workers||Robert Allan||1||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||3,107||N/A|
|Ind. Liberal Unionist||N/A||1||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||1,855||N/A|
|Independent Labour||Bruce Glasier||1||0||0||0||0||0||0.0||433||+0.0|
Total votes cast: 3,514,592. All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown.
- F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987 (1988).
- Garvin, J. L. The life of Joseph Chamberlain: volume Three 1895-1900 (London, 1934), pp 571–92 on dissolving Parliament; pp 593–607 on Khaki election.
- Hinton, Guy. "Newcastle and the Boer War: Regional Reactions to an Imperial War." Northern History 52.2 (2015): 272-294. online
- Marsh, Peter T. Joseph Chamberlain: Entrepreneur in Politics (1994) pp 492–502.
- Readman, Paul. "The Conservative party, patriotism, and British politics: the case of the general election of 1900." Journal of British Studies 40#1 (2001): 107-145. in JSTOR
- Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 766–83