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United Kingdom general election, 1900

The 1900 United Kingdom general election was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also referred to as the Khaki Election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for another two years). The Conservative Party, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 130 seats, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely owing to the Conservatives winning 163 seats that were uncontested by others. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time. However, it had only been in existence for a few months; as a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC Members of Parliament elected in 1900.

United Kingdom general election, 1900

← 1895 26 September – 24 October 1900 (1900-09-26 – 1900-10-24) 1906 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Picture of Henry Campbell-Bannerman.jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal
Leader since April 1881 December 1898
Leader's seat House of Lords Stirling Burghs
Last election 411 seats, 49.2% 177 seats, 45.5%
Seats won 402 183
Seat change Decrease9 Increase6
Popular vote 1,637,683 1,469,500
Percentage 50.2% 45.0%
Swing Increase1.0% Decrease0.5%

  Third party Fourth party
  Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449).jpg Coming men on coming questions (1905) (14779821224).jpg
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour Repr. Cmte.
Leader since 6 February 1900 28 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil
Last election 82 seats, 3.9% Did not stand
Seats won 77 2
Seat change Decrease5 Increase2
Popular vote 57,576 41,900
Percentage 1.8% 1.3%
Swing Decrease2.1% New party

United Kingdom general election 1900.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Appointed Prime Minister

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

This was the first occasion when Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, at a by-election held the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era and the 19th century.

Contents

ResultsEdit

UK General Election 1900
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist 402 32 41 −9 60.1 50.2 1,637,683 +1.0
  Liberal 183 38 32 +6 27.4 45.0 1,469,500 −0.5
  Irish Parliamentary 77 2 7 −5 11.5 1.8 57,576 −0.8
  Labour Repr. Cmte. 2 2 0 +2 3.0 1.3 41,900 N/A
  Independent Nationalist 5 5 0 +5 0.6 0.7 23,706
  Ind. Conservative 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 13,713
  Independent Liberal 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.2 6,423 +0.1
  Independent 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4,800 +0.2
  Scottish Workers 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,107 N/A
  Ind. Liberal Unionist 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,855 N/A
  Independent Labour 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 433 +0.0

Voting summaryEdit

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
50.3%
Liberal
44.74%
Labour
1.78%
Irish Parliamentary
1.64%
Independent
1.45%
Others
0.99%

Seats summaryEdit

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
60%
Liberal
27.31%
Labour
0.3%
Irish Parliamentary
11.49%
Independent Nationalist
0.75%
Independent Liberal
0.15%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown.

ReferencesEdit

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Garvin, J. L. (1934), The life of Joseph Chamberlain: Volume Three 1895–1900, London, pp. 571–92 on dissolving Parliament, pp.&nbsp, 593–607 on Khaki election[publisher missing]
  • Hinton, Guy (2015), "Newcastle and the Boer War: Regional Reactions to an Imperial War", Northern History, 52 (2): 272–294, doi:10.1179/0078172X15Z.00000000092
  • Marsh, Peter T. (1994), Joseph Chamberlain: Entrepreneur in Politics, pp. 492–502[publisher missing]
  • Readman, Paul (2001), "The Conservative party, patriotism, and British politics: the case of the general election of 1900", Journal of British Studies, 40 (1): 107–145, JSTOR 3070771
  • Roberts, Andrew (1999), Salisbury: Victorian Titan, pp. 766–83[publisher missing]

External linksEdit