Open main menu

United Kingdom general election, 1837

The 1837 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King William IV and produced the first Parliament of the reign of his successor, Victoria. It saw Robert Peel's Conservatives close further on the position of the Whigs, who won their fourth election of the decade.

United Kingdom general election, 1837

← 1835 24 July – 18 August 1837 (1837-07-24 – 1837-08-18) 1841 →

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
  2nd V Melbourne.jpg Robert Peel.jpg
Leader Viscount Melbourne Sir Robert Peel
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 16 July 1834 19 December 1834
Leader's seat House of Lords Tamworth
Last election 385 seats, 55.2% 273 seats, 40.8%
Seats won 344 314
Seat change Decrease41 Increase41
Popular vote 418,331 379,694
Percentage 51.7% 48.3%
Swing Decrease5.5% Increase5.5%

United Kingdom general election 1837.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Viscount Melbourne
Whig

Appointed Prime Minister

Viscount Melbourne
Whig

The election marked the last time that a Parliament was dissolved as a result of the demise of the Crown. Immediate dissolution of Parliament following the demise of the Crown was abolished by the Reform Act 1867.

Contents

ResultsEdit

UK General Election 1837
Party Candidates Votes
Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % Net %
  Whig 510 344 −41 52.28 52.42 418,331 −4.8
  Conservative 484 314 +41 47.72 47.58 379,694 +4.8

Voting summaryEdit

Popular vote
Whig
52.42%
Conservative
47.58%

Seats summaryEdit

Parliamentary seats
Whig
52.28%
Conservative
47.72%

Regional resultsEdit

Great BritainEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 414 102 284 +46 353,000 48.2 +5.4
Whig 422 81 271 −46 379,961 51.8 −5.4
Total 836 183 555   732,961 100
EnglandEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 348 80 239 +39 321,124 48.9 +6.3
Whig 352 60 225 −39 347,549 51.1 −6.3
Total 658 177 464   491,540 100
ScotlandEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Whig 49 15 33 −5 22,082 54.0 −8.8
Conservative 35 7 20 +5 18,569 46.0 +8.8
Total 84 22 53   40,651 100
WalesEdit
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 25 11 19 +2 11,616 52.8 −11.1
Whig 20 6 13 −2 10,144 47.2 +11.1
Total 45 17 32   21,760 100

IrelandEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Whig/Repeal Coalition 88 34 73 +5 38,370 58.5 +9.9
Irish Conservative 70 19 30 −5 26,694 41.5 −9.9
Total 158 53 103 65,064 100

UniversitiesEdit

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 6 4 6   1,691 90.1
Whig 1 0 0   186 9.9
Total 6 6 6   1,877 100

ReferencesEdit

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael, eds. (2000), British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, Ashgate Publishing Ltd

External linksEdit