1901 United Kingdom census

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The United Kingdom Census 1901 was the 11th nationwide census conducted in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and was done on 31 March 1901 "relating to the persons returned as living at midnight on Sunday, March 31st".[1]

Census 1901

← 1891 31 March 1901 1911 →

General information
CountryUnited Kingdom

The total population of the England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland (including what is now the Republic of Ireland) was 41,458,721 of which 21,356,313 were female and 20,102,406 were male.[citation needed] The foreign-born population was recorded at 1.4%[2]

Geographic scope


It was divided into three parts: England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. The census in England, Wales and Scotland was legislated for by the Census (Great Britain) Act 1900. The England and Wales part of the census contains records for 32 million people and 6 million houses. Certain parts of the records have suffered damage and therefore some information is missing, but it is largely complete with the exception of parts of Deal in Kent.[3]

The census of England and Wales does not include the census of Scotland. The Isle of Man is included in the England and Wales returns.[4] The data for the census of Scotland is held in a different location to that of the England and Wales census.[where?]

Prior to the secession of the Irish Free State, the whole of Ireland engaged in the census on the same night, however none of the census returns from Ireland for the 19th century still exist, except for partial returns. The 1901 census is the first complete surviving census,[5] and is available online. The census in Ireland was legislated for by the Census (Ireland) Act 1900.

Information included


The entries for households on the census returns for 1901 fall under the following headings:

  • Road, street, town or village, number or name of house
  • Whether the house is inhabited or not
  • Name and surname of each person
  • Relation to Head of Family
  • Condition as to marriage
  • Age last birthday
  • Profession or occupation
  • Whether employed or not
  • Where born
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, lunatic, imbecile or feeble-minded
  • Also crews of Vessels and residents of Institutions.

The term "idiot" on the 1891 census was replaced by the term "feeble-minded".[6]

Online access


The census data was published online in 2003 on a site run by The National Archive. Since then the data has also been available on other sites on a subscription basis. The data is mainly used by genealogists, family historians, name researchers and anyone wanting to know more about their Welsh and English ancestors in 1901. It can also be used to research hamlets, villages and parishes to build a historical perspective.

See also


References and sources

  1. ^ "Census records". The National Archives. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  2. ^ "National Archives 1901 Census". National Archives.
  3. ^ "1901 Census of England and Wales Online". 1901censusonline.com. 24 August 2006. Archived from the original on 24 August 2006.
  4. ^ Isle of Man, Genuki, last update 11 Mar 2013.
  5. ^ Ouimette, David S. (2005). Finding Your Irish Ancestors: A Beginner's Guide. Utah, USA: Ancestry. p. 79. ISBN 1-59331-293-8.
  6. ^ 1801-1901. Office for National Statistics. Archived by The National Archives 28 January 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
Preceded by UK census
Succeeded by