United Continental Holdings
United Continental Holdings, Inc. (formerly UAL Corporation) is a publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in the Willis Tower in Chicago. UCH owns and operates United Airlines, Inc. The company is the successor of UAL Corporation, which agreed to change its name to United Continental Holdings in May 2010, when a merger agreement was reached between United and Continental Airlines. Its stock trades under the UAL symbol. To effect the merger, Continental shareholders received 1.05 shares of UAL stock for each Continental share, effectively meaning Continental was acquired by UAL Corporation; at the time of closing, it was estimated that United shareholders owned 55% of the merged entity and Continental shareholders owned 45%. The company or its subsidiary airlines also have several other subsidiaries. Once completely combined, United became the world's largest airline, as measured by revenue passenger miles. United is a founding member of the Star Alliance.
|Founded||October 1, 2010|
|Revenue||US$ 36.556 billion (2016)|
|US$ 4.338 billion (2016)|
|US$ 2.263 billion (2016)|
|Total assets||US$ 40.140 billion (2016)|
|Total equity||US$ 8.659 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
United Express operated by:
|Footnotes / references|
UCH has major operations at Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Guam, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark (New Jersey), San Francisco, and Washington–Dulles. Additionally, UCH's United is the largest U.S. carrier to the People's Republic of China and maintains a large operation throughout Asia.
- United Airlines, Inc. (formerly Continental Airlines, Inc.)
- Air Micronesia, Inc.
- CAL Cargo, S.A. de C.V.
- CALFINCO Inc.
- Century Casualty Company
- Continental Airlines de Mexico, S.A.
- Continental Airlines Domain Name Limited
- Continental Airlines Finance Trust II
- Continental Airlines, Inc. Supplemental Retirement Plan for Pilots Trust Agreement
- Continental Airlines Purchasing Holdings LLC
- Continental Airlines Purchasing Services LLC
- Continental Express, Inc.
- Presidents Club of Guam, Inc.
- Four Star Insurance Company, Ltd.
- UAL Benefits Management, Inc.
- United Airlines, Inc. (the original United Airlines)
- Covia LLC
- Mileage Plus Holdings, LLC
- MPH I, Inc.
- Mileage Plus Marketing, Inc.
- Mileage Plus, Inc.
- United Aviation Fuels Corporation
- United Cogen, Inc.
- United Vacations, Inc.
- Covia LLC
Early in February 2008, UAL Corporation and Continental Airlines began advanced stages of merger negotiations and were expected to announce their decision in the immediate aftermath of a definitive merger agreement between rival Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines. The timing of the events was notable because Northwest's golden shares in Continental (that gave Northwest veto authority against any merger involving Continental) could be redeemed, freeing Continental to pursue a marriage with United. On April 27, 2008, Continental broke off merger negotiations with United and stated it was going to stand alone. Despite ending merger talks, Continental announced that it will join United in the Star Alliance.
United and US Airways were in advanced merger talks in late April 2008, following the announcement that Continental had broken off talks with United. In June 2008, CEOs of both United Airlines and Continental Airlines signed an alliance pact presaging their eventual merger. The alliance is an agreement to link international networks and share technology and passenger perks. This agreement is basically a "virtual merger" that includes many of the benefits of a merger without the actual costs and restructuring involved. The alliance took effect about a year after Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines completed their merger, as that released Continental from the SkyTeam contract and allowed for the required nine-month notice. Additionally, Continental joined Star Alliance, as Delta and Northwest merged.
United Airlines was reported to be in serious merger discussion with US Airways in early April 2010. A New York Times report indicated that a deal was close. Union consent was cited as a major hurdle for negotiators to clear. On April 22, 2010, United announced that it would not pursue a merger with US Airways.
The Board of Directors at Continental and United Airlines approved a stock-swap deal that would combine them into the world's largest airline on Sunday, May 2, 2010. The airlines publicly announced the deal the next day. This would re-unite Walter Varney's airlines, which offspring includes Continental and United.
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Both airlines have taken losses in the recession and expect the merger to generate savings of more than $1 billion a year. Combined, they fly to some 370 destinations in 59 countries from their ten hubs, and carry 144 million passengers a year. Combined revenues will be about $29 billion.
On August 27, 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice approved the $3 billion merger and shareholders of both the companies approved the merger on September 17, 2010. On October 1, 2010, UAL Corporation (the parent company of United Airlines) completed its acquisition of Continental Airlines and changed its name to United Continental Holdings, Inc. Although the two airlines remained separated until the operational integration was completed, as of this day both airlines are corporately controlled by the same leadership. Both carriers achieved a single operating certificate from the FAA on November 30, 2011 which allowed both airlines to operate under the name "United".
For the fiscal year 2017, United Continental Holdings reported earnings of US$2.131 billion, with an annual revenue of US$37.736 billion, an increase of 3.2% over the previous fiscal cycle. United Continental's shares traded at over $69 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$23.1 billion in October 2018. The company ranked No. 81 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
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When United Airlines and Continental Airlines announced their merger in May 2010 they introduced their new corporate branding. It featured the words "United Airlines" in the then-current Continental typeface, and Continental's globe-like logo. United updated their branding once again in August 2010, replacing the words "United Airlines" with the single word UNITED and changing the font to United's traditional upper-case sans-serif font. United's new CEO Jeff Smisek, who previously served as Continental's chairman, helped design the new font, integrating it with the existing Lippincott-designed Continental graphics. He has noted that he has received over 15,000 emails with suggestions for a new livery.
The first United 747 featuring the new livery was painted in February 2011. Re-painting and branding is said to be "accelerated" beginning mid-2011.
On March 1, 2011, United unveiled an "interim" marketing campaign replacing the previous "It's Time to Fly" campaign, which included fingerpaint ads and television spots created by Fallon. On the same date, United removed the iconic 38-year-old Saul Bass-designed "Tulip" logo from its website and all new advertisements will feature the former Continental globe logo. This new campaign was used until 2012, when United reconditioned a former slogan, "Fly the Friendly Skies".
United Airlines operates more than 750 mainline aircraft.
|Airport||Area served||Type/region||Airline before merger|
|Denver International Airport||Denver, Colorado||Western hub||United|
|George Bush Intercontinental Airport||Houston, Texas||Second largest hub, primary gateway to Latin America||Continental|
|Los Angeles International Airport||Los Angeles, California||Secondary West Coast hub||United|
|Newark Liberty International Airport||Newark, New Jersey, New York metropolitan area||Primary East Coast hub, primary gateway to Europe||Continental|
|O'Hare International Airport||Chicago, Illinois||Largest hub, primary Midwest hub and headquarters for the new airline||United|
|San Francisco International Airport||San Francisco, California, San Francisco Bay Area||Primary West Coast hub, primary transpacific hub||United|
|Washington Dulles International Airport|| Northern Virginia
|Secondary East Coast hub||United|
|Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport||Guam||Primary Pacific hub||Continental|
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