Union of the Democratic Centre (Argentina)

The Union of the Democratic Centre (Spanish: Unión del Centro Democrático, UCD[4] or UCeDé) is a centre-right[7] conservative-liberal and economically liberal political party in Argentina. It was founded in 1982 by Álvaro Alsogaray who unsuccessfully run in the 1983 and 1989 presidential elections, and represented the conservative elite, technocrats,[4] and classical liberals.[6]

Union of the Democratic Centre
Unión del Centro Democrático
AbbreviationUCD, UCeDé
PresidentGonzalo Mansilla de Souza
Secretary-GeneralHugo Bontempo
FounderÁlvaro Alsogaray
FoundedAugust 1982; 40 years ago (1982-08)
HeadquartersBuenos Aires
Youth wingJuventud UCeDé
Membership (2017)Decrease 18,390[1][2]
IdeologyConservative liberalism[3][4]
Economic liberalism[3][4]
Political positionCentre-right[5][6]
Colours   Blue, white
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 257
Senate
0 / 72
Buenos Aires Legislature
0 / 60
Website
ucede.ar

As of October 2020 the party doesn't count with legal recognition nationwide.[8]

HistoryEdit

The leader of the party, Álvaro Alsogaray, was a national deputy for the City of Buenos Aires for sixteen consecutive years, between 1983 and 1999. In 1983 and 1989 he was a candidate for the presidency, and then appointed ad hoc presidential advisor to Carlos Menem.

By 1989, the UceDé had emerged as the third political force nationwide, after the traditional major parties: the Justicialist Party (PJ) and the Radical Civic Union (UCR). Carlos Menem, an exponent of the growing pro-market wing within the formerly Peronist PJ, won the election of 1989. UCeDé concluded an alliance with the Justicialist-led administration which had only a narrow majority in the Chamber of Deputies and gave important support to its policies of privatization and liberal economic reforms.[7] Alsogaray, who had been an opponent of traditional Peronism, became the administration's chief policy advisor[4][9] and his daughter María Julia secretary of natural resources and the main responsible for the privatization of the public telecommunications company ENTel.[9] In the subsequent presidential election, the UCeDé endorsed Carlos Menem.

In 2007, UCeDe participated in the Union PRO centre-right alliance to dispute the governorship of the province of Buenos Aires, supporting the opposition formula Francisco de Narváez-Jorge Macri. Union PRO finished in third place, with 14.96% of the votes. The coalition would also last for the 2009 legislative elections, where the party also supported the candidacy of Francisco de Narváez as national deputy. Narvaez was 34% winner, beating former President Nestor Kirchner.

In 2011, he participated in the Federal Commitment Alliance supporting the presidential formula Alberto Rodríguez Saá-José María Vernet.

In March 2015, the UCeDé of the City of Buenos Aires established an electoral alliance with the Republican Proposal (PRO) and supported Horacio Rodríguez Larreta for Head of Government in the election of that same year. Later, the UCeDé of the Province of Buenos Aires decided to join the Cambiemos alliance and supported María Eugenia Vidal for Governor of Buenos Aires in the election of that same year. For many years, UCeDé supported the center-right Peronist, José Manuel de la Sota in the Province of Córdoba, but in 2015 he joined Juntos by Córdoba and won second place led by the radical Oscar Aguad.

For the 2019 presidential elections, he managed to reshape 5 districts necessary to obtain national status and decided to join the Awakening Front, led by economist José Luis Espert, who finished in the last position with 1.5% of the votes.

Electoral performanceEdit

PresidentEdit

Election year Candidate Coalition 1st round 2nd round Result
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
1983 Álvaro Alsogaray   National Centre Confederation 60,271 (7th) 0.40  N Defeated
1989   Centre Alliance 1,093,398 (3rd) 23.04
1995 Carlos Menem   456,594[a] 2.62  Y 1-R Elected
1999 Eduardo Duhalde   Justicialist Concertation for Change 562,674[b] 2.97  N 1-R Defeated
2003 Carlos Menem   Front for Loyalty 4,741,202 (1st) 24.45 Withdrew candidacy
2007 Alberto Rodríguez Saá   Justice, Unity and Liberty 1,459,174 (4th) 7.64
2011   Federal Commitment 1,749,971 (4th) 7.80
2015 Mauricio Macri   Cambiemos 8,601,063 (2nd) 34.15 12,997,937 51.34  Y 2-R Elected
2019 José Luis Espert   Awakening Front 394,206 (6th) 1.47  N 1-R Defeated

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Number reflects votes cast for the UCeDé list, not the overall votes cast for Carlos Menem.
  2. ^ Number reflects votes cast for the UCeDé list, not the overall votes cast for Eduardo Duhalde.

Further readingEdit

  • Gibson, Edward L. (1996), Class and Conservative Parties: Argentina in Comparative Perspective, Johns Hopkins University Press

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AFILIACIONES A LOS PARTIDOS POLITICOS". electoral.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Estadística de Afiliados" (PDF). electoral.gob.ar (in Spanish). 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "A los 91 años murió Alvaro Alsogaray - LA NACION". La Nación.
  4. ^ a b c d e Pion-Berlin, David (1997), Through Corridors of Power: Institutions and Civil-military Relations in Argentina, Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 66
  5. ^ Carlos H. Acuña (1 January 1995). La nueva matriz política argentina. Nueva Visión. p. 383.
  6. ^ a b Ratliff, William; Fontaine, Roger (1990), Changing Course: The Capitalist Revolution in Argentina, Hoover Press, p. 23
  7. ^ a b Eaton, Kent (2002), Politicians and Economic Reform in New Democracies, Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 134
  8. ^ "Partidos vigentes". Cámara Nacional Electoral (in Spanish). 31 October 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  9. ^ a b Ratliff, William; Fontaine, Roger (1990), Changing Course: The Capitalist Revolution in Argentina, Hoover Press, p. 35

External linksEdit