The Union of the Democratic Centre (Spanish: Unión del Centro Democrático, UCD or UCeDé) is a centre-right conservative-liberal and economically liberal political party in Argentina. It was founded in 1982 by Álvaro Alsogaray who unsuccessfully run in the 1983 and 1989 presidential elections, and represented the conservative elite, technocrats, and classical liberals.
|President||Gonzalo Mansilla de Souza|
|Youth wing||Juventud UCeDé|
|Chamber of Deputies|
0 / 257
0 / 72
|Buenos Aires Legislature|
0 / 60
As of October 2020 the party doesn't count with legal recognition nationwide.
The leader of the party, Álvaro Alsogaray, was a national deputy for the City of Buenos Aires for sixteen consecutive years, between 1983 and 1999. In 1983 and 1989 he was a candidate for the presidency, and then appointed ad hoc presidential advisor to Carlos Menem.
By 1989, the UceDé had emerged as the third political force nationwide, after the traditional major parties: the Justicialist Party (PJ) and the Radical Civic Union (UCR). Carlos Menem, an exponent of the growing pro-market wing within the formerly Peronist PJ, won the election of 1989. UCeDé concluded an alliance with the Justicialist-led administration which had only a narrow majority in the Chamber of Deputies and gave important support to its policies of privatization and liberal economic reforms. Alsogaray, who had been an opponent of traditional Peronism, became the administration's chief policy advisor and his daughter María Julia secretary of natural resources and the main responsible for the privatization of the public telecommunications company ENTel. In the subsequent presidential election, the UCeDé endorsed Carlos Menem.
In 2007, UCeDe participated in the Union PRO centre-right alliance to dispute the governorship of the province of Buenos Aires, supporting the opposition formula Francisco de Narváez-Jorge Macri. Union PRO finished in third place, with 14.96% of the votes. The coalition would also last for the 2009 legislative elections, where the party also supported the candidacy of Francisco de Narváez as national deputy. Narvaez was 34% winner, beating former President Nestor Kirchner.
In March 2015, the UCeDé of the City of Buenos Aires established an electoral alliance with the Republican Proposal (PRO) and supported Horacio Rodríguez Larreta for Head of Government in the election of that same year. Later, the UCeDé of the Province of Buenos Aires decided to join the Cambiemos alliance and supported María Eugenia Vidal for Governor of Buenos Aires in the election of that same year. For many years, UCeDé supported the center-right Peronist, José Manuel de la Sota in the Province of Córdoba, but in 2015 he joined Juntos by Córdoba and won second place led by the radical Oscar Aguad.
For the 2019 presidential elections, he managed to reshape 5 districts necessary to obtain national status and decided to join the Awakening Front, led by economist José Luis Espert, who finished in the last position with 1.5% of the votes.
|Election year||Candidate||Coalition||1st round||2nd round||Result|
|# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall votes||% of overall vote|
|1983||Álvaro Alsogaray||National Centre Confederation||60,271 (7th)||0.40||—||N Defeated|
|1989||Centre Alliance||1,093,398 (3rd)||23.04||—|
|1995||Carlos Menem||—||456,594[a]||2.62||—||1-R Elected|
|1999||Eduardo Duhalde||Justicialist Concertation for Change||562,674[b]||2.97||—||N 1-R Defeated|
|2003||Carlos Menem||Front for Loyalty||4,741,202 (1st)||24.45||Withdrew candidacy|
|2007||Alberto Rodríguez Saá||Justice, Unity and Liberty||1,459,174 (4th)||7.64||—|
|2011||Federal Commitment||1,749,971 (4th)||7.80||—|
|2015||Mauricio Macri||Cambiemos||8,601,063 (2nd)||34.15||12,997,937||51.34||2-R Elected|
|2019||José Luis Espert||Awakening Front||394,206 (6th)||1.47||—||N 1-R Defeated|
- Gibson, Edward L. (1996), Class and Conservative Parties: Argentina in Comparative Perspective, Johns Hopkins University Press
- "AFILIACIONES A LOS PARTIDOS POLITICOS". electoral.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
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- "A los 91 años murió Alvaro Alsogaray - LA NACION". La Nación.
- Pion-Berlin, David (1997), Through Corridors of Power: Institutions and Civil-military Relations in Argentina, Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 66
- Carlos H. Acuña (1 January 1995). La nueva matriz política argentina. Nueva Visión. p. 383.
- Ratliff, William; Fontaine, Roger (1990), Changing Course: The Capitalist Revolution in Argentina, Hoover Press, p. 23
- Eaton, Kent (2002), Politicians and Economic Reform in New Democracies, Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 134
- "Partidos vigentes". Cámara Nacional Electoral (in Spanish). 31 October 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
- Ratliff, William; Fontaine, Roger (1990), Changing Course: The Capitalist Revolution in Argentina, Hoover Press, p. 35