The Anishnabek Nation, also known as the Union of Ontario Indians, is a First Nations political organization representing 40 member First Nations in the province of Ontario, Canada. The organization's roots predate European contact in the 16th century, in the Council of Three Fires. The Union of Ontario Indians was incorporated in 1949 to serve as a political advocate and secretariat for the Anishinabek First Nations, the indigenous peoples speaking Anishinaabe languages in Ontario. In 2017, the Council changed its identification using the name "Union of Ontario Indians" only for legally-binding agreements but for all other purposes referred to themselves as Anishinabek Nation. The head office for the Union of Ontario Indians is located at Nipissing First Nation near North Bay, Ontario.
The Anishnabek Nation is guided by a Leadership Council, consisting of a Grand Council Chief, a Deputy Grand Council Chief and grand chief, and council members and elders representing four geographic regions: Southeast, Southwest, Lake Huron and Northern Superior. In 2018, an organizational restructuring introduced four regional deputy grand council chiefs. In 2007 the organization appointed an Anishinabek Women's Water Commission to advise on water issues and management of the Great Lakes.
In the early 21st century, there are about 60,000 citizens of the Anishinabek Nation member communities, accounting for about one-third of the total First Nations population in the province of Ontario.
- Union of Ontario Indians website. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- "ABOUT US". www.anishinabek.c. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
- Erskine, Michael (2018-11-21). "Anishinabek Nation holds grand council meeting on Manitoulin". Manitoulin Expositor. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
- "Grand Council". UNION OF ONTARIO INDIANS. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
- "Anishinabek nation appoints women's water commission". Canada NewsWire. 2007-03-27.
- Sudbury Star Staff (2019-04-27). "Autumn Peltier appointed Anishinabek Nation Chief Water Commissioner". Sudbury Star.