Union Street, Aberdeen
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Union Street was built to relieve the strain of the small, cramped streets that caused problems for people coming into the city. It was built higher than the old town and was designed to include the five entrances from the city: Queens Road - Rubislaw from Hazelhead; George Street from Inverurie and Morayshire; King Street from the north from Bridge Of Don, Peterhead and Fraserburgh; Market Street, which leads to the fishing town of Torry; and Holburn Street to the Ruthrieston and Garthdee areas.
The street was designed in the beginning of the 19th century under plans suggested by Charles Abercrombie and nearly bankrupted the city. The Denburn River still runs under Union Bridge but has been covered over by a dual carriageway road.
The street is approximately one mile long (0.8 miles) and a feat of engineering skill involving the partial levelling of St. Catherine's Hill and the building of arches to carry the street over Putachieside.
Shops and marketsEdit
Some of the large shops on or accessed directly from Union Street are Marks and Spencer (on St. Nicholas Street), HMV, Waterstones, Mostyn Mckenzie, Cruise, AllSaints, Lakeland, Debenhams (in the Trinity Centre) and Sports Direct.
The street was home to Bruce Miller's notable musical instrument shop (established 1900) until June 2011, when it closed.
Shopping centres include the St Nicholas & Bon Accord and the Trinity Shopping Centre. In addition there are bars and a number of nightclubs on the street, a former cinema building, and a grand façade fronting the churchyard of the Kirk of St. Nicholas.
The street used to be closed sometimes for the Saturday International Market until it was moved to Union Terrace, which runs at right angles from approximately halfway along Union Street. In the runup to Christmas, elaborate Christmas lights are displayed on gantries above and across the street. A ceremony is usually held to mark the illumination of these lights.
The Granite Mile is a local name for the long stretch of road that encompasses Union Street. Granite Mile begins at the Watergate, or Mercat Cross, near Justice Street . It follows the length of Union Street to Holburn Junction.