Union Station (Ogden, Utah)

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Union Station, also known as Ogden Union Station, is a train station in Ogden, Utah, at the west end of Historic 25th Street, just south of the Ogden Intermodal Transit Center. Formerly the junction of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads, its name reflects the common appellation of train stations whose tracks and facilities are shared by railway companies.

Ogden, UT
Former Union Pacific Railroad and Amtrak station
UnionStationOgden.jpeg
Station building, reconstructed in 1924 after the fire
Location2501 South Wall Avenue
Ogden, Utah
United States
Coordinates41°13′15″N 111°58′47″W / 41.22083°N 111.97972°W / 41.22083; -111.97972Coordinates: 41°13′15″N 111°58′47″W / 41.22083°N 111.97972°W / 41.22083; -111.97972
Owned byCity of Ogden
Operated byAmtrak (former)
Line(s)Multiple
Platforms1 island and 1 side platform
TracksUtah State Railroad Museum
Construction
ParkingYes
Disabled accessYes
Other information
StatusRailway Museum
Station codeOGD
History
Opened1869
ClosedMay 1997
Rebuilt1889 and 1924
Former services
Preceding station Union Pacific Railroad Following station
Terminus Main Line Uintah
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Pocatello
1988–1997
toward Seattle
Pioneer Evanston
1991–1997
toward Chicago
Cache Junction
1982–1988
toward Seattle
Salt Lake City (D&RGW Depot)
1986–1991
toward Chicago
Brigham City
1977–1981
toward Seattle
Salt Lake City (UP Depot)
1977–1986
toward Chicago
Salt Lake City (UP Depot)
toward Oakland
California Zephyr
Until 1983
Evanston
toward Chicago
Salt Lake City (UP Depot) Desert Wind
Until 1983
Preceding station Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Following station
Terminus Main Line Roy
toward Denver
Ogden Union Depot
Built1924
ArchitectJohn Parkinson and Donald B. Parkinson
Architectural styleSpanish Colonial Revival
NRHP reference #71000867
05000363 (boundary increase)
Added to NRHPApril 11, 1971
Location
Ogden, UT is located in Utah
Ogden, UT
Ogden, UT
Location within Utah

No longer a railway hub, the building remains a cultural hub: it houses the Utah State Railroad Museum,[1] the Spencer S. Eccles Rail Center, the John M. Browning Firearms Museum, Utah Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum and the Browning-Kimball Classic Car Museum. An art gallery local and regional artists every month. The Myra Powell Gallery features traveling exhibits and the Station's permanent art collection. Union Station Research Library has an extensive collection of historic Ogden photographs and documents available to the public.

The last long-distance passenger train to use Union Station was Amtrak's Pioneer in May 1997. The adjacent Ogden Intermodal Transit Center serves the Utah Transit Authority's (UTA) FrontRunner commuter rail line.

HistoryEdit

On March 8, 1869, Union Pacific laid tracks through Ogden on its way to Promontory Summit to meet the Central Pacific and complete the transcontinental rail line. Four cities near this location, Corinne, Promontory, Uintah, and Ogden, competed with each other for the opportunity to house the train station that would be the junction for railroad travel in the Intermountain West. Promontory and Uintah lacked the necessary resources to house the Station. Corinne and Ogden competed for many years for the "Junction City" title, until Brigham Young donated several hundred acres of land to the two railroads on the condition that they build the yards and station in west Ogden.

 
1891 illustration of the first station

The first station was built in 1869, a two-story wooden frame building on a mud flat on the banks of the Weber River. The building served the narrow gauge Utah Central Railroad (later Oregon Short Line) and the narrow gauge Rio Grande Western (later Denver & Rio Grande Western). Local newspapers complained about, among other things, the need to walk a quarter-mile of wood boardwalk over swampy ground to reach the station. So the Union Pacific and Central Pacific launched a joint venture, Ogden Union Railway & Depot Co. (OUR&D), to oversee the construction and management of a new Union Station.

Completed in 1889, this new structure was designed in the Romanesque Revival style, with a large clock tower in the center. Considerably larger than the old and constructed of brick, it held 33 hotel rooms, a restaurant, barbershop, and other conveniences for travelers.

In 1923, a fire that began in a hotel room destroyed the station's interior and left the walls and clock tower in a fragile state. No deaths or injuries were reported, and work continued inside the first floor to some extent, but construction on a new building did not start until a stone from the clock tower fell and struck a railroad clerk, killing him instantly. Originally, the OUR&D planned to rebuild the station to its original design, but the accident reversed this decision and a new design was proposed by John and Donald Parkinson, architects of the Caliente Depot in Nevada and the Kelso Depot in California.[2]

 
Station building trackside

The construction of the current building was completed in 1924 in the Spanish Colonial Revival (also known as Early Christian/Byzantine) style and is built on the foundation of the earlier building.[3] It was dedicated on November 22 of that year, with a series of publicity shots being taken. One of these shots, showing 13 young women pulling the first train to arrive at the station by ribbons, made its way into the La Domenica del Corriere, an Italian newspaper, with the headline "Curious American Custom".[4] The ceiling of the Grand Lobby, taking up the center portion of the building, has a height of 56 feet and extends to the roof. The trusses were originally painted in bright colors with geometric designs, but have since been painted over with a faux wood grain. Murals of the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad were painted on the north and south end of the lobby. The second floors of the north and south wing were occupied by Southern Pacific, Ogden Union Railway & Depot Co., and Union Pacific Telegraph Department offices.[2]

Of special note are the two drinking fountains on either end of the Grand Lobby. These fountains, surrounded by colored mosaics, were the favorite resting spot of Ogden Union Railway & Depot Co. Superintendent Hubert Lloyd Bell. At Bell's passing in 1927 the OUR&D placed a bronze plaque, bearing his likeness, over the fountain on the north end. The plaque reads "In Memory of Hubert Lloyd Bell SUPT. O.U.RY. AND D. Co., 1918–1927, A Just Man, A Friend Who Will Be Remembered".[5]

Plans to turn the station into a museum were first brought forward during the centennial celebration of the driving of the golden spike in 1969. It was not until 1971 when Amtrak formally took over passenger operations through Ogden that these plans were taken seriously. The station building was turned over to Ogden City on a 50-year lease in 1977 and renovations were begun to house the planned museums. At the dedication ceremony in 1978, Union Pacific ran their famous UP 8444 (now number 844) at the head of a special passenger train from Cheyenne, Wyoming, to the new museum. They also donated a steam derrick (built by Industrial Works) and a steam rotary snow plow (built by ALCO in 1912), which were the last pieces of steam-powered equipment in use on the Union Pacific System. In 1988, the State of Utah designated the Union Station as the Utah State Railroad Museum to handle the railroad artifacts.[6] This spurred a series of donations by the Union Pacific through the years, including UP 6916, a DD40AX "Centennial" (one of the largest locomotives ever built), and D&RGW 5371, the only SD40-T2 "Tunnel Motor" in its original Denver & Rio Grande Western paint scheme. Railroad equipment was brought in from other places, like UP 833, an FEF-2 class steam locomotive and the largest to be moved by truck, which was moved from Salt Lake City's Pioneer Park.

The station building now houses the Utah State Railroad Museum, John M. Browning Firearms Museum, The Browning-Kimball Classic Car Museum, the Western Heritage and Utah Cowboy Museum, and a library and archives. It plays host to various conventions and events, including the annual Hostlers Model Railroad Festival, weddings, Ogden Marathon Expo, craft and bridal fairs.

FeaturesEdit

Railway post office/mail terminal annexEdit

This building was constructed in 1929 to serve the needs of the United States Postal Department. It is located directly north of the Union Station building. In 1950 a flat-roofed addition was constructed on the east and was used to sort mail. The Railway Post office closed in the 1970s. Following the conversion of the station complex to a museum, an addition was constructed in between the station and the annex, connecting the two buildings and allowing year-round indoor access to the facilities in the annex.[3] Currently the Mail Terminal Annex houses the Browning Theatre and the Browning-Kimball Classic Car Museum.

Trainmen's buildingEdit

 
Trainmen's building

The Trainmen's Building is the northernmost structure on the Union Station grounds. It was constructed of red brick some time between 1903 and 1923 and predates the current station building. It served as the Railway Post Office (used for sorting mail) until 1929 when the Mail Terminal Annex was constructed to the south, then was used as a crew locker room for the Ogden Union Railway & Depot Co., owner of the Union Station and in turn jointly owned by Union Pacific and Southern Pacific. Space in the building was taken up with lockers, a changing room and a lunch room.[3]

In 2006, Ogden City installed fluorescent lighting and an alarm system to the building, which up to that time had been vacant. The building is now used as a shop for the restoration of D&RGW 223, a narrow gauge steam locomotive. Restoration is being done by the Golden Spike Chapter of the Railway & Locomotive Historical Society.[7]

Butterfly canopyEdit

 
Butterfly canopy, 2010

The passenger shelter along tracks 1 and 2 is the only remaining canopy of a series of five. The other four canopies were demolished in April 1969. It was built in 1928 to Southern Pacific plans and is similar to canopies at the Sacramento Station in California, and is 23 feet wide. During the peak of passenger train travel in 1927, a tunnel was built under the eleven tracks with stairways to the surface at each platform. Called the passenger subway, this tunnel allowed pedestrians to access all eleven tracks from the Grand Lobby, bypassing those tracks that were occupied by trains. When passenger service ended the tunnel was filled in for safety purposes,[3] although when the platform was repaved in 2008 a portion of the tunnel was uncovered. Plans are to place a glass over the uncovered portion for visitors to see. Similar canopies are used at the adjacent Ogden Central Station as a reference to Ogden's railroading past. The Butterfly Canopy and platforms are host to Union Pacific's Steam Team during their east–west trips over the Transcontinental Railroad route and the former Rio Grande Soldier Summit route. The operating water column at the north end, which is connected to the Ogden City water line, allows the steam locomotives to be serviced conveniently.

Laundry buildingEdit

The laundry operations at Union Station date to 1906, when they were carried out in the commissary building (now demolished, on the site of the current Spencer S. & Dolores Dore’ Eccles Rail Center).[8] Soiled linens and cloth from sleeper and diner cars were removed from the trains and washed during their stop in Ogden. In 1951, Union Pacific constructed a 100 by 180 foot brick building for the express purpose of washing laundry; prior to this time excess laundry that was not able to be handled in the commissary building was sent out to commercial facilities.

The building was constructed to centralize the Union Pacific's laundry operations and to cut costs by an estimated fifty percent. It was the only laundry facility constructed by the Union Pacific and was expected to pay for itself within three years. Laundry was sent to Ogden from all ends of the Union Pacific Lines, and even took in laundry from Sun Valley, Idaho; West Yellowstone Lodge; Bryce Canyon National Park; Zion National Park; and Grand Canyon National Park, as well as other resorts and hotels.

The use of the latest equipment, such as nine Troy Electromatic washers; 42 individual pressers; and seven diesel powered Vapor-Clarkson steam generators, as well as 105 employees, gave the building a capacity to process 110,000 individual pieces of laundry during an eight-hour shift, or about 13,333 individual pieces per hour.

The laundry facility was closed in 1970 and donated to the City of Ogden in 1986. It is currently vacant.[3]

Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail CenterEdit

The Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center (also known as the Spencer S. Eccles Rail Center) is a collection of prototype equipment from various railroads in the west, most notably Union Pacific. It occupies the spot where the Ogden Union Railway & Depot Co. (OUR&D) Commissary Building once stood.[3][8] It houses several locomotives, as well as passenger cars, freight cars, cabooses, and railroad maintenance equipment.[9]

LocomotivesEdit

CRGX 6751
Cargill 6751 is a General Motors' (GM) Electro-Motive Corporation (later part of GM's Electro-Motive Division (EMD)) SW1 diesel-electric switcher locomotive assembled in 1940 with construction number 1111, was one of the first SW1s that Electro-Motive built.[10] After acquisition, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) initially numbered the locomotive as No. 213, but subsequently changed the number to 8413.[10] Leased by the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad (W&OD) in 1968, it was one of the last locomotives to operate on the W&OD before the railroad closed during the same year.[11] After several transfers of ownership, the locomotive was acquired by Cargill, becoming Cargill No. 6751. [10][12][13] Cargill moved the locomotive to Ogden in 1993 for use in the company's Globe Mill.[10][13] Following Cargill's donation of the locomotive in 2010, the Utah Central Railway and the Union Pacific Railroad delivered it to the Utah State Railroad Museum on May 21, 2011.[10][13]
D&RGW 223
Denver & Rio Grande Western 223 is a class C-16 Consolidation type steam locomotive built in 1881 by the Grant Locomotive Works.[14] It is one of only two remaining Grant-built locomotives in the world and is currently undergoing restoration.
D&RGW 5371
Denver & Rio Grande Western 5371 is the last GM Electro-Motive Division SD40T-2 "Tunnel Motor" to be in its original Rio Grande paint colors. It was retired in 2009 and moved into the Rail Center in 2010.[15]
SP 3769
Southern Pacific 3769 is a GM Electro-Motive Division GP-9 diesel-electric switcher locomotive, built in February 1957 as 5733. In the mid 1970’s it was rebuilt as a GP9R, and renumbered to 3769. [16]
SP 7457
Southern Pacific 7457 is the first GM Electro-Motive Division SD45 diesel-electric switcher locomotive to be built for the Southern Pacific railroad in August of 1966, originally numbered 8800. It was rebuilt as an SD45R in September 1982, and renumbered to 7457. [17] It last saw service on Donner Pass. It was donated to the Utah State Railroad Museum in 2002.
UCRY 1237
Utah Central Railway 1237 is a 44-ton General Electric diesel-electric switcher, originally built for the U.S. Air Force with the same number in 1953. It was donated to the Utah State Railroad Museum, and subsequently leased to the Utah Central Railway where it got its current paint scheme. It has since been returned to the Museum.[7][18]
UP 833
Union Pacific 833 is an FEF-2 class steam locomotive, built by the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) in 1939.[19] It was originally donated to the Salt Lake City in 1972, and when transferred to Ogden in 1999 it obtained the distinction of being the largest locomotive in the United States to be moved by truck.
UP 4436
Union Pacific 4436 is an 0-6-0 steam switcher built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1918.[20] It was last used in Cheyenne, Wyoming. It was donated to the City of Ogden in 1958, and moved to the Utah State Railroad Museum upon its establishment.
UP 6916
Union Pacific 6916 is a DD40AX "Centennial" diesel-electric locomotive that GM's Electro-Motive Division (EMD) built in 1969, one of only 47 built. [21] Retired in 1985 and donated to the Utah State Railroad Museum in 1986.
UP X-26
Union Pacific X-26 is one of the Union Pacific gas turbine-electric locomotives (GTELs) that General Electric built in 1961.[22] It was advertised as the "most powerful locomotive in the world". Popularly known as "Big Blows", it is one of only two that survived.
U.S. Army 1216
USAX 1216 is a 44-ton Davenport Locomotive Works switcher that was originally used at the Tooele Army Depot in Tooele, Utah.[23]

FutureEdit

While the future of the Union Station will mostly involve the museums contained therein, there exists a chance of resumed Amtrak service. As recently as 2009 Amtrak was involved in feasibility studies regarding the restoration of some previously discontinued routes, including the Pioneer.[24] As part of the study, four routes for the Pioneer were considered. While two bypass Salt Lake City, all would be routed via Ogden. With the development of nearby Ogden Intermodal Transit Center, it is most likely any future Amtrak service would connect at the Transit Center instead of the Union Station.[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Utah State Railroad Museum". Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Strack, Don. "Ogden Rails, Ogden Union Station". Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Powell, Kent (1972). "Ogden Union Depot". National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
  4. ^ Trentelman, Charles. "In 1925, historic Ogden touched hearts as far away as Milan, Italy". Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  5. ^ Trentelman, Charles (August 13, 2010). "Stories like these are why I never throw anything away". Standard-Examiner.
  6. ^ Strack, Don. "Utah State Railroad Museum at Ogden Union Station". Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Witten, Lee. "Golden Spike Chapter, R&LHS". Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Strack, Don (July 11, 2016). "Union Pacific's Ogden Laundry". UtahRails.net. Archived from the original on April 6, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  9. ^ (1) "Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. Eccles Rail Center". Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
    (2) "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
    (3) Jennings, Stan; Baney, Fred; Witten, Lee (September 2005). "Rolling Stock". Utah State Railroad Museum. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: Cargill 6751: SW1". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  11. ^ Harwood, Herbert Hawley Jr. (2000). Rails to the Blue Ridge: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, 1847–1968 (3rd ed.). Fairfax Station, Virginia: Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. p. 137. ISBN 0615114539. OCLC 44685168. At Google Books.
  12. ^ Van Cleve, Jeff (July 4, 1996). "Photograph of Cargill 6751". RR Picture Archives.net. Ogden, Utah. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c "Pictures of CRGX 6751". RR Picture Archives.net. August 12, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  14. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: D&RGW 223 (C-16)". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2016. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  15. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: D&RGW 5371: SD40T-2". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  16. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: SP 3769: GP9". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  17. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: SP 7457: SD-45". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Dore’ Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  18. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: UCRY 1237: 44-tonner". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  19. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: UP 833: FEF-2". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  20. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: UP 4436". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  21. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: UP 6916: DDA40X". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  22. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: UP 26 (X-26): GTE 8500". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  23. ^ "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: USAF 1216: 44-tonner". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. & Dolores Doré Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Ogden Union Station. 2018. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  24. ^ Amtrak (October 16, 2009). "Pioneer Route Passenger Rail Study" (PDF). Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  25. ^ "Ogden studies `transportation hub' idea". Deseret News. Salt Lake City: Deseret Digital Media. Associated Press. April 6, 1997. Retrieved July 28, 2013.

External linksEdit