Union Council of Ministers

  (Redirected from Union Minister of State)

The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of senior ministers, called 'cabinet ministers', junior ministers, called 'ministers of state' and, rarely, deputy ministers. The council is led by the Prime Minister of India.

A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of the Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 75.

RegulationEdit

Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing the confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate the formation of a new government.

A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose a proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

RankingEdit

There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister: Leader of the executive of the Government of India.
  • Deputy Prime Minister (if any) : presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[3]
  • Cabinet Minister: A member of the cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge): Junior minister not reporting to a Cabinet Minister.
  • Minister of State (MoS): Deputy Minister reporting to a Cabinet Minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

AppointmentEdit

Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of president, is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister. Since at least the turn of the millennia, evidence indicates that an MP's electoral performance enhances the likelihood of being granted a ministerial portfolio.[4]

RemovalEdit

  • Upon death.
  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[5]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.
  • Under the provision of "Collective Responsibility" under Article 75, the Prime Minister and the entire Council of Ministers resign if a Vote of No Confidence is passed in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) of the Indian Parliament. [6]

Council of Ministers in state governmentsEdit

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c).

For the first time in March 2020, the Supreme Court of India used its powers to do "complete justice" under Article 142 of the Indian Constitution to remove a minister functioning in the state of Manipur.[7]

Current Union Council of MinistersEdit

Council portfolios are as follows:[8]

Cabinet MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any minister.
 Narendra Modi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of External Affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
 Nirmala Sitharaman30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
 Nitin Gadkari30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Railways
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
 Piyush Goyal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Textiles
Minister of Women and Child Development
 Smriti Irani30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers D. V. Sadananda Gowda30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Law and Justice
Minister of Communications
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology
 Ravi Shankar Prasad30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of Steel
 Dharmendra Pradhan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Minister of Rural Development
Minister of Panchayati Raj
Minister of Food Processing Industries
 Narendra Singh Tomar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Education Ramesh Pokhriyal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Minister of Science and Technology
Minister of Earth Sciences
 Harsh Vardhan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
 Prakash Javdekar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Mahendra Nath Pandey30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Coal and Mines
 Pralhad Joshi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Giriraj Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Reference: Official Government of India publication, 31 May 2019

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)Edit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Labour and Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Planning
 Rao Inderjit Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)
Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
 Shripad Yesso Naik30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Development of North Eastern Region
Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy
Minister of State in the Department of Space
 Jitendra Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Youth Affairs and Sports
Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs
 Kiren Rijiju30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Culture
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Tourism
 Prahlad Singh Patel30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Power
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of New and Renewable Energy
Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
 Raj Kumar Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Housing and Urban Affairs
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Civil Aviation
Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
 Hardeep Singh Puri30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
 Mansukh L. Mandaviya30 May 2019IncumbentBharatiya Janata Party (bjp)

Ministers of StateEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel Faggan Singh Kulaste30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Ashwini Kumar Choubey30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs Arjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 V. Muraleedharan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Arjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways V. K. Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Krishan Pal Gurjar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Ramdas Athawale30 May 2019IncumbentRPI(A)
 Rattan Lal Kataria30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Raosaheb Danve30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs G. Kishan Reddy30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Nityanand Rai30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Parshottam Rupala30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Kailash Choudhary30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Babul Supriyo30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Pratap Chandra Sarangi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Sanjeev Kumar Balyan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Education
Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications
Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
 Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance
Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
 Anurag Thakur30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti Rattan Lal Kataria30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs V. Muraleedharan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs Renuka Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry Som Parkash30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries Rameswar Teli30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Pratap Chandra Sarangi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development Debasree Chaudhuri30 May 2019IncumbentBJP

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource: Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ Rajendran, S. (13 July 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  4. ^ Ladwig III, Walter C. (23 December 2019). "Executive Particularism and Ministerial Selection in India". Legislative Studies Quarterly. Department of Political Science at Washington University in St. Louis. 44 (4): 469–493. doi:10.1111/lsq.12261.
  5. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Prime Minister & Council of Ministers - Election, Roles, Collective Responsibility - Indian Polity". BYJUS. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Supreme Court Invoked Special Powers to Remove a Minister". Drishti IAS. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Who Gets What: Cabinet Portfolios Announced. Full List Here". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.

External linksEdit