Union Council of Ministers

  (Redirected from Union Cabinet of India)

The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of state and Ministers of State (Independent Charge). The council is led by the Prime Minister of India.

A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of the Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 75.

Regulation

Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing the confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate the formation of a new government.

A minister shall take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose a proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

Ranking

There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister: Leader of the executive of the Government of India.
  • Deputy Prime Minister (if any) : presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[3]
  • Cabinet Minister: A member of the cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge): Junior minister not reporting to a Cabinet Minister.
  • Minister of State (MoS): Deputy Minister reporting to a Cabinet Minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

Appointment

Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of president, is appointed by The President on the advice of The Prime Minister. Since at least the turn of the millennia, evidence indicates that an MP's electoral performance enhances the likelihood of being granted a ministerial portfolio.[4]

Removal

  • Upon death.
  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[5]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.
  • Under the provision of "Collective Responsibility" under Article 75, the Prime Minister and the entire Council of Ministers resign if a Vote of No Confidence is passed in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) of the Indian Parliament.[6]

Council of Ministers in state governments

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c).

For the first time in March 2020, the Supreme Court of India used its powers to do "complete justice" under Article 142 of the Indian Constitution to remove a minister functioning in the state of Manipur.[7]

Current Union Council of Ministers

Council portfolios are as follows:[8][9][10]

Cabinet Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any minister.
 Narendra Modi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of External Affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Home Affairs
Ministry of Co-operation
 Amit Shah30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
 Nirmala Sitharaman30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Minister of Textiles
 Piyush Goyal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Women and Child Development Smriti Zubin Irani30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Law and Justice Kiren Rijiju7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Education
Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
 Dharmendra Pradhan7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Virendra Kumar7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers
 Mansukh L. Mandaviya7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Ministry of Labour and Employment
 Bhupender Yadav7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Mahendra Nath Pandey30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Ministry of Coal
Ministry of Mines
 Pralhad Joshi30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Narayan Tatu Rane7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
 Parshottam Rupala7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Railways
Minister of Communications
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology
 Ashwini Vaishnaw7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Ministry of AYUSH
 Sarbananda Sonowal7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Rural Development
Minister of Panchayati Raj
 Giriraj Singh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Civil Aviation Jyotiraditya Scindia7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Steel Ramchandra Prasad Singh7 July 2021IncumbentJD(U)
Minister of Food Processing Industries Pashupati Kumar Paras7 July 2021IncumbentLJP
Minister of Power
Minister of New and Renewable Energy
 Raj Kumar Singh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs
 Hardeep Singh Puri7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Culture
Minister of Tourism
Minister of Development of North Eastern Region
 Kishan Reddy7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports
 Anurag Thakur7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Reference: Official Government of India publication, 31 May 2019

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)


Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Planning
Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
 Rao Inderjit Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Science and Technology
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Earth Sciences
Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy
Minister of State in the Department of Space
 Jitendra Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP

Minister of State


Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways Darshana Jardosh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Raosaheb Danve7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles Darshana Jardosh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel Faggan Singh Kulaste30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development Faggan Singh Kulaste30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs V. Muraleedharan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Arjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs V. Muraleedharan30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Meenakshi Lekhi7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Culture Arjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Meenakshi Lekhi7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of State in the Ministty of Civil Aviation
 General (Retd.) V. K. Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Ramdas Athawale30 May 2019IncumbentRPI(A)
 Abbaiah Narayanaswamy7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Pratima Bhoumik7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ashwini Kumar Choubey7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ashwini Kumar Choubey7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs Nityanand Rai Yadav30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Ajay Kumar Mishra7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Nisith Pramanik7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shobha Karandlaje7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Kailash Choudhary30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Dr. L. Murugan7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Sanjeev Kumar Balyan7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Dr. L. Murugan7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Education Annpurna Devi Yadav7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Dr. Subhas Sarkar7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs Renuka Singh30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Bishweswar Tudu7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry Som Parkash30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
 Anupriya Patel7 July 2021IncumbentAD(S)
Minister of State in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of State in the Ministry of Labour and Employment
 Rameswar Teli30 May 2019IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development
Minister of State in the Ministry of AYUSH
 Dr. Mahendra Munjapara7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance Dr. Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Pankaj Choudhary7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and Justice S. P. Singh Baghel7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Tourism Ajay Bhatt7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Shripad Naik7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence Ajay Bhatt7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
Minister of State in the Ministry of Co-operation
 B. L. Verma7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
 Bhagwanth Khuba7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti Bishweswar Tudu7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Prahlad Singh Patel7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal
Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines
 Raosaheb Danve7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications Devusinh Jesingbhai Chauhan7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs John Barla7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj Kapil Patil7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs Kaushal Kishore7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Power
Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
 Krishan Pal7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries Prahlad Singh Patel7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
 Rajeev Chandrasekhar7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways Shripad Naik7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
 Shantanu Thakur7 July 2021IncumbentBJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports Nisith Pramanik7 July 2021IncumbentBJP

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource: Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ Rajendran, S. (13 July 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  4. ^ Ladwig III, Walter C. (23 December 2019). "Executive Particularism and Ministerial Selection in India". Legislative Studies Quarterly. Department of Political Science at Washington University in St. Louis. 44 (4): 469–493. doi:10.1111/lsq.12261.
  5. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Prime Minister & Council of Ministers - Election, Roles, Collective Responsibility - Indian Polity". BYJUS. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Supreme Court Invoked Special Powers to Remove a Minister". Drishti IAS. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Who Gets What: Cabinet Portfolios Announced. Full List Here". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle: Full list of ministers in Narendra Modi's government". 8 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Press Comm Portfolio | Government Of India | Government". Scribd.

External links