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Una is a municipal council town in Una district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It serves as the headquarters of Una district. Una is home to the Kila, which is a historical fort and an ancestral home of the descendants of the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak.[1]

Una
Town
Una is located in Himachal Pradesh
Una
Una
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 31°28′05″N 76°16′16″E / 31.468°N 76.271°E / 31.468; 76.271Coordinates: 31°28′05″N 76°16′16″E / 31.468°N 76.271°E / 31.468; 76.271
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictUna
Elevation
369 m (1,211 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total18,722
 • Rank10 in HP
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • Other spokenPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitehpuna.nic.in

Contents

Geography and climateEdit

Una is located at 31°29′N 76°17′E / 31.48°N 76.28°E / 31.48; 76.28.[2] It has an average elevation of 369 metres (1,210 feet).

Climate data for Una (1985–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.2
(93.6)
39.4
(102.9)
43.2
(109.8)
45.2
(113.4)
45.2
(113.4)
42.2
(108.0)
38.4
(101.1)
38.6
(101.5)
35.6
(96.1)
33.4
(92.1)
28.2
(82.8)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
22.2
(72.0)
26.6
(79.9)
33.2
(91.8)
37.2
(99.0)
37.8
(100.0)
33.5
(92.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
30.6
(87.1)
27.0
(80.6)
21.9
(71.4)
29.5
(85.1)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.8
(42.4)
9.6
(49.3)
13.8
(56.8)
18.8
(65.8)
21.9
(71.4)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
21.0
(69.8)
14.1
(57.4)
8.5
(47.3)
4.4
(39.9)
14.0
(57.2)
Record low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.0
(37.4)
6.7
(44.1)
8.6
(47.5)
14.7
(58.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
13.4
(56.1)
5.1
(41.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 38.9
(1.53)
43.2
(1.70)
43.1
(1.70)
23.6
(0.93)
42.0
(1.65)
86.5
(3.41)
397.2
(15.64)
333.0
(13.11)
189.7
(7.47)
16.7
(0.66)
14.4
(0.57)
28.4
(1.12)
1,256.6
(49.47)
Average rainy days 2.4 3.8 3.6 1.4 3.2 5.1 11.3 11.5 5.7 1.1 1.1 1.5 51.6
Source: India Meteorological Department[3]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 Census of India, Una town had a population of 18,722 with 9,851 males and 8,871 females.[4] The literacy rate was 86.21%, higher than the state average of 82.80%.[4] The male literacy and female literacy rates were 88.84 and 83.29% respectively. There were 1,954 children below the age of six years. The sex ratio and child sex ratio of the town stood at 901 and 918 respectively.[4] Hindi and Punjabi are the main spoken languages.

TransportEdit

Una is well connected to Himachal and rest of India through National Highway 503 and National Highway 503A.[5]

Places to VisitEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kila Baba Sahib Singh Ji Bedi Una Sahib". HP Tours. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Una
  3. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Una Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  5. ^ "National Highways in Himachal Pradesh" (PDF). Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department. Retrieved 23 May 2018.