Omar (TV series)

  (Redirected from Umar ibn Al-Khattāb (TV series))

Omar (Arabic: عُمَرْ‎) or Omar Farouk (Persian: عمر فاروق‎) is a historical[1][2] Arab television drama miniseries-serial that was produced and broadcast by MBC1 and directed by the Syrian director Hatem Ali.[3] Co-produced by Qatar TV, the series is based on the life of Omar ibn Al-Khattab, the second Caliph of Islam, and depicts his life from 18 years old until the moments of his death.[3] The series had to face large controversy[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] due to its depiction of Omar, Abu Bakr, Uthman and Ali, the four Rashidun Caliphs,[11] along with other characters, who some Muslims believe should not be depicted, much like Mohammad. The series consists of 31 episodes and was originally aired in the month of Ramadan since July 20, 2012.[12][13][14] It was made at a cost of 200 million Saudi riyals and filmed in Morocco, primarily in the cities of Marakesh, Tangiers, El Jadida, Casablanca and Mohammedia. After the series was broadcast on MBC, it was dubbed into several languages for international broadcast[15][16][17] and subtitled in English on YouTube; it received great support from many different scholarly bodies and people watching it.[18][19][20] As the series depended largely on reliable historical established facts, the series did not face criticism in terms of its content, as past films faced.

Farouk Omar
Hz. Ömer
عُمَرْ
Omar (TV Series).jpg
English title card
Also known asFarouk Omar, Omar Series
GenreBiography, drama, religion, history, serial
Based onOmar bin al-Khattab a.k.a. Omar al-Farouk or Caliph Omar I
Written byWalid Saif
Directed byHatem Ali
StarringSamer Ismail
Ghassan Massoud
Hassan Al-Jundi
Muna Wassef
Fethi Haddaoui
Jay Abdo
Suzan Najm Aldeen
Voices ofAssad Khalifa (Omar)
Composer(s)Fahir Atakoglu
Country of originArab World
Original language(s)Arabic
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes30
Production
Producer(s)MBC Group, Qatar TV
Production location(s)Saudi Arabia, Morocco
Editor(s)Raouf Zaza
Running time45 minutes
Budget200 million SAR
Release
Original networkMBC1, Qatar TV, EPTV, Nessma TV, Atv, MNCTV, Nour TV
Picture formatHDTV
Original releaseJuly 20 (2012-07-20) –
August 18, 2012 (2012-08-18)
Chronology
Followed byAhmad bin Hanbal
External links
Website
Production website

SynopsisEdit

The series starts with one of the pilgrimage of caliph Omar where he delivers speeches to the pilgrims. The next scene comes with an exploration on Mecca of the caliph where he emotionally flashbacks to his own 18 year's life when he was a young boy working for his rude father Khattab ibn Nufayl. The flashback perspective of Omar shows all the past story of his life from when he was a wrestler, a businessman and above all one of the leaders of the Quraish, and then to his life after his conversion into Islam being one of the closest companions of Muhammad and an immensely devoted believer, a brave inspiration for all the contemporary Muslims and a bold warrior in all the contemporary Islamic battles. The story goes through the Meccan victory, Muhammad's death, Abu Bakr's legacy as caliph and his death, and finally Omar's legacy. From viewer's eye perspective, his legacy as caliph shows the biographical stories of improvements and complexities of his own caliphate till his martyrdom through assassination by Abu Lulu.

CastEdit

TriviaEdit

Two actors of this series, Hassan Al-Jundi and Muna Wassef, both acted (as Abu Jahl and Hind respectively) in the 1970s Arabic language film Al Risalah (الرسالة), the version of Moustapha Akkad's religious biopic The Message (a.k.a. Mohammad, Messenger of God) made for the Arab World. Hassan Al-Jundi also acted as Kisra in the English language film while his counterpart in Al Risalah played the character of Abu Jahl in the same film.

List of episodesEdit

01"Umar ibn al-Khattab"July 20,  2012 (2012-07-20)
02"Islam begins"July 21,  2012 (2012-07-21)
03"Muhammad's message, Abu Lahab gets condemned in Surah Lahab"July 22,  2012 (2012-07-22)
04"Family affairs, Abu Hudhayfa adopts his slave, The plan to torture and boycott Muslims."July 23,  2012 (2012-07-23)
05"Persecution of Muslims by the Meccans"July 24,  2012 (2012-07-24)
06"Bilal ibn Rabah gains freedom and embraces Islam."July 25,  2012 (2012-07-25)
07"Migration to Abyssinia"July 26,  2012 (2012-07-26)
08"Umar embraces Islam, Muhammad's First Khutbah"July 27,  2012 (2012-07-27)
09"Boycott against Muslims, Chaos in Masjid al-Haram"July 28,  2012 (2012-07-28)
10"Hijrah to Yathrib, Medina, Building Al-Masjid an-Nabawi"July 29,  2012 (2012-07-29)
11"Battle of Badr, death of Abu Jahl, Umayyah ibn Khalaf and Utbah ibn Rabi'ah"July 30,  2012 (2012-07-30)
12"Prisoners of the Battle of Badr, The Sabbath, Quraish plan for the Second battle against Muslims"July 31,  2012 (2012-07-31)
13"Battle of Uhud, death of Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib, Digging the Trench"August 1,  2012 (2012-08-01)
14"Battle of Khandaq, death of Amr ibn Abd al-Wud, Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Treaty of Hudaibiyah"August 2,  2012 (2012-08-02)
15"The struggle of Abu Baseer, The year of delegations, First Hajj"August 3,  2012 (2012-08-03)
16"Khalid ibn al-Walid & 'Amr ibn al-'As embrace Islam, Conquest of Mecca"August 4,  2012 (2012-08-04)
17"Abu Sufyan and some others embrace Islam, Death of the Messenger of God"August 5,  2012 (2012-08-05)
18"Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph, Battle against people not paying Zakat"August 6,  2012 (2012-08-06)
19"Rise of Sajah, Ridda Wars"August 7,  2012 (2012-08-07)
20"Battle of Yamama against Musaylimah, death of Abu Hudhayfa ibn 'Utbah, Abdullah ibn Suhayl, Zayd ibn al-Khattab and Salim Mawla ibn Abu Hudhayfa"August 8,  2012 (2012-08-08)
21"Muslim conquest of Persia"August 9,  2012 (2012-08-09)
22"Death of Abu Bakr, Umar becomes the second caliph, Battle of Yarmouk"August 10,  2012 (2012-08-10)
23"Battle of Yarmouk against Theodore Trithyrius"August 11,  2012 (2012-08-11)
24"Muslim conquest of the Levant"August 12,  2012 (2012-08-12)
25"Umar and his subjects"August 13,  2012 (2012-08-13)
26"Siege of Damascus"August 14,  2012 (2012-08-14)
27"Battle of al-Qadisiyyah against Sassanids"August 15,  2012 (2012-08-15)
28"Siege of Jerusalem"August 16,  2012 (2012-08-16)
29"Famine Year"August 17,  2012 (2012-08-17)
30"Plague, conquest of Egypt"August 18,  2012 (2012-08-18)
31"Death of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Election of Uthman"August 19,  2012 (2012-08-19)

ProductionEdit

The project was started in 30 September 2010 through an agreement signed by Middle East Broadcasting Center and Qatar Media agency (Qatar TV) to make a drama series on the life of Caliph Omar, scheduled to be aired during the Ramadan of 2011.[30] The chief of MBC group Waleed al Ibrahim stated that, the drama would not aim at profits:[31]

The dramatic work is not regarded from the profit or loss perspectives.

— Waleed al Ibrahim, chief of MBC group[31]

Saudi producers, the Middle East Broadcasting Center (MBC), said the series is the largest ever Arabic production, with 30,000 actors and a technical team from 10 different countries who toiled 300 days to make the 31-part series.[32] The director Ali said that building a replica of Mecca and the surrounding area was a challenge that faced him until he and the crew finally chose a location in Morocco. The series needed a huge crew amount to 500 actors, actresses, and extras in one single day.[33] Ali also pointed out, several scenes in the series were difficult to shoot like which elephant treads on one of the actors.

The elephant was well-trained for the scene and we made the actor wear an iron shield just in case anything goes wrong."

— Hatem Ali, director[3]

The horses used in the series were brought from Eastern Europe and were trained together with the elephants to make them adapt to each other. The series featured many battle scenes on a large scale. Ali said it took them a total of 54 days with a rate of 12 hours a day and with the participation of 500 extras that were trained on this type of scenes.[3]

Committee members for managing historical contextEdit

A board committee of scholars was created for maintaining the historicity of the script. The major members of the board were:

  1. Yusuf al-Qaradawi[34]
  2. Akram Zia Omari[34]
  3. Salman al-Awda[34]
  4. Abdul Wahab Turairi[34]
  5. Ali al-Sallabi[34]
  6. Saad Al-Otaibi[34]

VFX effectsEdit

Most of the episodes of the series contained many expensive computer-generated imagery (CGI) effects which were maintained by French CGI production BUF in association with Hecat,[35][36] as well as title[37] and ending theme[38] also. Moreover, the sets of ancient Mecca and Medina and other sites in Arabia and elsewhere in the post classical era were also produced by the Soora Studio, a Syrian set producer production, which previously made the sets of many other popular Arabic dramas.

MusicEdit

The original soundtrack was composed by Turkish musician Fahir Atakoglu. A nasheed or Arabic song praising Omar and describing a complete archive of the serial was featured after the scene of his assassination in the ending episode. The nasheed, entitled "Salamun Alayka Ya Omar Al Faarouq", was sung by the Kuwaiti Quran reciter Mishary Al-Afasy.[39]

Receptions from scholarly bodiesEdit

Saleh Al-Fawzan,[40] Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia (Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah Al Shaykh),[40][41] Al-Azhar University, Abdul Azīz bin Fahd,[42][43] Muhammad Al-Munajid, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan,[44], Saleh al-Maghamsi and many other Islamic scholars viewed the series negatively.[45]

The Grand Mufti of the Kingdom and the head of the Council of Senior Religious Scholars, Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah Al Shaykh, criminalized the dramatic action saying that those behind "Umar Al Farooq" series have committed a "grave mistake and a crime" by spending their money on the production of such TV work. He also said that he is against the idea of producing the series that "displays the biography of the rightly guided caliphs in a manner that is doomed to wound and criticism." In his Friday sermon, he called for "avoiding these devious ways, which are doomed to offend in these symbols." He added, "These films and series do not bring or mean goodness, and whatever those who prepared it who claim intellectual enlightenment, they are wrong in what they have walked and know that what they offer is dangerous, wrong and crime." The Sheikh did not differ in that from what was issued by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, who had forbidden the embodiment of the Prophets, the Companions, the House of the Ten, and the Ten Missionaries of Paradise in any artwork.[40][41]

On other part, Sheikh Saleh Al-Fawzan, a member of the Senior Scholars Committee and a member of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas, forbade watching the series, recalling "the consensus of scholars and the Muslim World League to prohibit the representation of the Companions, may God be pleased with them." Everything that comes from Qatar is doubtful of its intentions Many writers wondered why this seasonal controversy takes place around the Ramadan series ?, recalling the controversy raised by Mustafa El Akkad's "The Message".[40][41]

Salman al-Awda,[46] Yūsuf al-Qaraḍawī, Yasir Qadhi,[47] Alī al-Sallabī and Khaled al-Musleh[48] viewed the series positively.

Zakir Naik gave a mixed review of the series, in a video of his official YouTube channel, he said, "99.9% drama or movie in the name of Islam today is not 100% Islamic and no one can give fatwa that watching them are halal. If you can live without seeing them, then don't see it. Read Quran and sahih hadith, it will be best and harmfree option. But if any Muslim is hooked on wathing hollywood and bollywood movies and dramas and feels too much hard to reject the habit of watching them, then it will be lesser sin for them in watching these series than seeing hollywood and bollywood vulgarism and obscenity...Firstly I will suggest them to watch The Message movie, then I will suggest them to watch Omar series... There is a series called Omar series, made on the life of Caliph Omar, made by MBC, funded by Qatar Foundation. There are not all things Islamic, there are ladies without hijab, there is music in it. But the verse of Quran they quoted somehow, it is wonderful, most of the hadith are authentic, a few of them are problematic."[49] In reaction of Naik's view about the series, Assim Al-Haqim said, "This is like saying masturbation is better than fornication! Or calling that drinking wine, gambling and other different sins are better than shirk or kufr! What kind of logic is this?".[50]

International broadcastingEdit

The series later has been broadcast in the television channels of different countries such as Turkey,[15] Indonesia, Iran, Tunisia, Egypt etc. either dubbed or with native subtitle.

Country Network Series premiere
  Algeria EPTV July 20, 2012
  Arab League MBC1, Qatar TV July 20, 2012
  Indonesia MNCTV July 20, 2012
  Tunisia Nessma TV July 20, 2012
  Turkey atv, Kanal 7 July 20, 2012; June 7, 2016
  Lebanon Future Television September 23, 2013
  Iran Nour TV September, 2013
  Morocco Medi1TV September, 2013
  Uzbekistan Milly TV 1 May, 2018
  United Kingdom Islam Channel 24 June, 2020[51]

Traditional historicitic and depictional controversyEdit

In the traditional Islamic accounts, there are two different stories found about the conversion of Umar, the story which has been depicted in the story, some scholars argue that the story is not authentic or reasonably weak according to reliable chain rather than declaring authenticity to the second story of conversion, where Omar bacame convinced to covert hearing the Quran recitation of Muhammad in prayer outside Kaba, then made himself hidden from the people for some days immediate after the conversion, and Al-As ibn Wa'il saved the converted Umar from the attack of enraged people.[52] In the events of the Islamic prophet Muhammad's living era, Muhammad himself, his children and wives were not depicted but many direct actions of him have been shown redirected from any other sahaba near to him for the restrictions and limitations of Muhammad's visual depiction in the Islamic world. Although in a sequence before the death of Abu Bakr, there was a shadow depiction of Aisha shown silently conversing with her father. The dress code of male companions after conversion period was also controversial, mostly for wearing gowns below ankle, which was strongly prohibited by Muhammad, and tradition says that, all the companions always used to wear clothes over ankle. Besides, in the event of the battle of Yamama, the characters of the companions behind of Khalid bin Walid have been shown to give the slogan "ya Muhammada" (O, for Muhammad), which was a subject of controversy about historicity among some salafi clerics. They argued that it could not be told by them because calling on any other except Allah is a form of polytheism (Shirk).[53] Historical reference says that Umayyah ibn Khalaf was killed by a group of Muslims led by Bilal ibn Rabah, but in the series, Bilal ibn Rabah has been shown to kill Umayyah ibn Khalaf by himself.

As for the role of Omar is one of the first tools of the weakness of the work technically where the strange cold performance and the rigidity of features and divisions of his face, even with events that require a human interaction natural and unchanging.[54]

The series also missed the historical role of the Arab tribes allied to Quraish in the invasion of one of them, including the Ahbish of Kenana, as well as the role of Arab tribes in the invasion of the trench and Taif so that the work was limited to the tribe of Quraish as well as the tribe of Ghutfan and absent from work tribes that had a presence in the historical biography of these conversations, such as the tribe of Selim and Kenana The Bani Asad tribe, the Hawazin tribe and other Arab tribes on which the Arab community of the Arabian Peninsula was built at that time.[55][56] The focus was also not on the presentation of personalities and incidents technically, but on the interest in history . Even this history was not focused on Omar bin al-Khattab, who was the first to write down the bureaus and established justice among the people and monitor the governors and their ruler, and the conduct of armies to open countries.

The series is blamed for the emergence of signs on the Syrian and Moroccan dialect, which took the viewer out of the atmosphere of the work, text and historical era. The incompatibility between the real characters and the characters who appeared on the actors who played their roles such as the character of the companion Abu Huraira Al- Dousi in the series, which questioned his credibility, as well as the portrayal of the companion of Saraqa bin Malik al-Kanani in the series in the form of a clown, as well as the depiction of the companion Ali bin Abi Talib al-Hashemi as a silent skeptic, despite the known courage and honesty in tradition.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit