Umamah bint Zainab
She was the daughter of Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' and of Muhammad's eldest daughter Zaynab. Her maternal aunt Fatimah requested her husband Ali on her deathbed to marry her niece Umamah because she had an intense attachment and love for her sons Hasan ibn Ali and specially for Husayn Ibn Ali and daughters Umm Kulthum bint Ali and Zaynab bint Ali. She had one sibling Ali ibn Zainab. Her maternal aunts include daughters of Prophet Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad and Fatimah.
When she was a small child, Muhammad used to carry her on his shoulder while he prayed. He used to put her down to prostrate and then pick her up again as he rose. Muhammad once promised to give an onyx necklace to "her whom I love best." His wives expected him to give it to Aisha, but he presented it to Umamah. On a different occasion, he gave her a gold ring that had arrived from the Emperor of Abyssinia. After Fatimah died in 632, Umamah married Ali. They had one son, Muhammad "the Middle", who died young.
Ali was killed in 661, and Muawiyah I proposed to Umamah. She consulted al-Mughira ibn Nawfal ibn al-Harith about this. He said that she should not marry "the son of the liver-eater (Hind bint Utbah)" and offered to deal with the problem for her. When she agreed, he said, "I will marry you myself." This marriage produced one son, Yahya.
- Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, pp. 27-28, 163-164. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
- Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, pp. 13, 162. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, p. 12. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
- Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Blankinship, K. Y. (1993). Volume 11: The Challenge to the Empires, p. 71 footnote 406. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- Lammens, H. (1912). Fatima et les Filles de Mahomet, p. 127. Rome: Sumptibus Pontificii Instituti Biblici.
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