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Ulstein is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The commercial and administrative centre of Ulstein is the town of Ulsteinvik. The municipality occupies the western half of the island of Hareidlandet, as well as about 30 smaller islands, four of which are populated.

Ulstein kommune
View of Ulsteinvik
View of Ulsteinvik
Official logo of Ulstein kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Ulstein within Møre og Romsdal
Ulstein within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°21′23″N 05°51′14″E / 62.35639°N 5.85389°E / 62.35639; 5.85389Coordinates: 62°21′23″N 05°51′14″E / 62.35639°N 5.85389°E / 62.35639; 5.85389
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreUlsteinvik
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Knut Erik Engh (FrP)
Area
 • Total97.19 km2 (37.53 sq mi)
 • Land94.87 km2 (36.63 sq mi)
 • Water2.32 km2 (0.90 sq mi)  2.4%
Area rank383 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total8,555
 • Rank130 in Norway
 • Density90.2/km2 (234/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
23.2%
Demonym(s)Ulsteining[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1516
Official language formNynorsk
Websiteulstein.kommune.no

Ulstein is connected to the mainland of Norway by the Eiksund Bridge (to the island of Eika) and then the Eiksund Tunnel to Ørsta Municipality. The Grasøyane Lighthouse is located on a small island in the northwestern part of Ulstein Municipality.

The 97-square-kilometre (37 sq mi) municipality is the 383rd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Ulstein is the 130th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,555. The municipality's population density is 90.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (234/sq mi) and its population has increased by 23.2% over the last decade.[2][3]

General informationEdit

 
View of Ulsteinvik

The municipality of Ulstein (originally spelled Ulfsteen) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). It originally included most of the island of Hareidlandet (except the Eiksund area) and the Vartdal area southeast of the Vartdalsfjorden on the mainland. On 1 January 1895, the area southeast of the Vartdalsfjorden was separated from Ulstein Municipality to become the new municipality of Vartdalsstranden. This left Ulstein with 2,996 residents. Then on 1 January 1917, the eastern half of the island of Hareidlandet was separated from Ulstein to form the new Hareid Municipality. This left 2,336 residents in Ulstein.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the island of Eika, the village of Eiksund, and the surrounding area (population: 222) were transferred from Herøy Municipality to Ulstein Municipality.[4]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Ulstein farm (Ulfsteinn), since the first Ulstein Church was built there. The first element is ulfr which means "wolf" and the last element is steinn which means "stone mountain" (probably referring to a hill behind the farm).

Before 1879, the name was written Ulfsten or Ulfsteen, then between 1879-1888 it was spelled Ulvsten, and since 1889, it has been spelled Ulstein.[5]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 30 May 1986. The arms show a bar described as wolf-toothed, which makes the bar a canting since ulf means wolf and the municipality is named after the Ulva river. The blue colour represents the sea and the gold represents wheat.[6]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Ulstein. It is part of the Søre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Ulstein
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Ulstein Ulstein Church Ulsteinvik 1849

CommunitiesEdit

There are several villages throughout the municipality. The largest is the town of Ulsteinvik and others include the villages of Haddal, Flø, Eiksund, Ringstad, Sundgot, Hasund, Varleite. The island of Dimnøya is just outside Ulsteinvik, and there are many residents there. There are also several small populated islands surrounding the main island of Hareidlandet: Eika, Vattøya, and Hatløya.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Ulstein, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ulstein is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Ulstein Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet6
 Conservative PartyHøgre5
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti3
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre3
Total number of members:25

IndustryEdit

 
Kleven verft

Maritime ClusterEdit

The Headquarters of the Ulstein Group, Rolls-Royce Marine, and Kleven Verft are located in Ulstein. The maritime industry is renowned for its creativity in the ship industry, which currently employs more than 1,000 people in Ulstein.

Ulstein is known as a central community in the maritime cluster that has been created within the Sunnmøre region, Norway. Large shipyards and ship design companies are situated in Ulsteinvik. Technological innovation has played an import role in the recent history of the town. For example, the Ulstein Group has designed a new hull shape with an inverted bow called the Ulstein Group's X-Bow, examples of which are regularly docked in Ulsteinvik, outside the drydocks of Ulstein Verft.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 51.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External linksEdit