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Ulhasnagar is a town located in the Thane district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division, located about 55 km from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus railway station. This city is part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region managed by MMRDA. It had an estimated population of 506,098 at the 2011 Census.[1] Ulhasnagar is a municipal town and the headquarters of the Tahsil bearing the same name. It is a railway station on the Mumbai-Pune route of the Central Railway zone.

Ulhasnagar

Sindhunagar
Ulhasnagar is located in Maharashtra
Ulhasnagar
Ulhasnagar
Coordinates: 19°13′N 73°09′E / 19.22°N 73.15°E / 19.22; 73.15Coordinates: 19°13′N 73°09′E / 19.22°N 73.15°E / 19.22; 73.15
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total506,098
Language
 • OfficialSindhi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
421 001
421 002
421 003
421 004
421 005
Telephone codeSTD code 0251
Vehicle registrationMH-05
Lok Sabha constituencyKalyan
Websitewww.umc.gov.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

Originally known as Kalyan Military transit camp, Ulhasnagar was set up to accommodate 6,000 soldiers and 30,000 others during World War II. There were 2,126 barracks and about 1,173 housed personals.[citation needed]

After the partition of India, over 1,00,000 Sindhi Hindus refugees from Sindh, Pakistan were relocated to the deserted military camps five kilometres from Kalyan. The area was converted into a township in 1949 and foundation ceremony took place on 8 August 1949. The Governor-general of India, C. Rajagopalachari named the town Ulhasnagar (literally 'city of joy'; ulhas=joy; nagar=city) and he also laid the foundation stone for the township. It was called Ulhasnagar because of its close proximity to Ulhas Plateau and its valley.[contradictory]

A suburban railway station was built in 1955. In January 1960, Ulhasnagar Municipality was formed, with Arjun K. Ballani as first chief, and a municipal council was nominated. In 1965, elections were first held in this council. In the late 1970s, Ulhasnagar was a town settled mainly by Sindhi refugees.[2] Now this 28 square kilometre area has 389,000 people of Sindhi descent, the largest enclave of Sindhis in India. The town lies outside Mumbai city but within the Mumbai Conurbation. In 2010, the estimated population of Sindhi Hindus in Ulhasnagar was 400,000.[3]

There are a number of criminal gangs in town working under the patronage of political parties.[4] Also for many illegal building projects in 1990s, politicians started to charge money to look the other way.[5]

EconomyEdit

The town covers an area of 13 square kilometers and is divided into 285 blocks. It is a centre for the production of rayon silk, dyes, ready-made garments, electrical / electronic appliances & confectionaries. The total length of existing Roads & Streets in the town measures 352 kilometers. The town is served by underground & open-surface drainage, night soil being disposed of by septic tank latrines. The town gets a protected water supply through MIDC. Sanctioned Water Quota at various tapping points is 112 MLD. Fire-fighting service is also available in the town. 60 private hospitals with a total bed-strength of 840 beds 3 Government hospitals with total bed-strength of 356 beds, 255 dispensaries / clinics, 100 RMP and a family planning centre cater to the curative and preventive health needs of the town population.

Ulhasnagar has number of small businesses manufacturing denims. Some of the manufacturers export jeans worldwide from Ulhasnagar.[6] The city is also known for its furniture market, cloth market and electronic market.[7] Apart from this Ulhasnagar has various small scale manufacturing units which produce confectionery, textile weaving, furniture, printing press, etc.

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Ulhasnagar
Religion Percent
Hindus
74%
Buddhists
15%
Jains
5.7%
Christians
2.4%
Others†
1.3%
Muslims
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes some errors in making this table Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

According to the 2011 Census of India,[8] Ulhasnagar had a population of 506,098. Ulhasnagar is the 22nd biggest city in Maharashtra and 88th in the country. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%.

Among minority languages, Sindhi is spoken by 34.47% of the population and Marathi by 19.63%.[9] Due to the large Sindhi population, the area has earned the moniker USA referring to the Ulhasnagar Sindhi Association.[10][11][12]

TransportEdit

One can reach Ulhasnagar by road or railway. Ulhasnagar railway station is on the Central Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. One can reach Ulhasnagar by alighting at either of Kalyan and Shahad Station which are near camp 1 and 2 or Ulhasnagar and Vithalwadi Railway Stations which are close to 3 and 4 or Ulhasnagar and Ambernath Railway Stations are near to camp 4 and 5.[citation needed] The city is serviced by City Bus and autorickshaw for travel from Mumbai, Bhiwandi & Thane as well.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

Educational facilities are provided by 129 primary schools, 56 secondary schools, 9 higher secondary schools, 3 colleges and 2 technical colleges.

Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College (C. H. M. College), established in 1965,[13] has five college buildings:

  • Principal K M Kundnani Pharmacy Polytechnique[14]
  • Institute of Technology[15]
  • Dr L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy[16]
  • H and G H Mansukhani Institute of Management[17]
  • Nari Gursahani Law College[18]

Ulhasnagar Girls College, started in 1961, later converted to R K Talreja College.[19]

Nari Gursahani Law College, an undergraduate law college affiliated to the University of Mumbai, is located in Ulhasnagar.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mumbai Councils
  2. ^ Girish Kuber (9 January 2007). "Pappu's Ulhasnagar gambit may backfire". Economic Times. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  3. ^ Sindhi conversions in Ulhasnagar raise a storm
  4. ^ Ghosh, S.K. (1991). The Indian mafia. New Delhi: Ashish Pub. House. p. 56. ISBN 9788170243786. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  5. ^ Yogesh Pawar (3 March 1999). "Three Ps rule Ulhas: Pelf, Politicians & Pappu.and his most trusted man shamsher ansari Ulhasnagar is mainly distributed in 5 areas namely ulhasnagar 1,2,3,4 and 5". Indian Express. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  6. ^ Dionne Bunsha (17 December 2004). "The States:Ulhasnagar in a new role". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "About Ulhasnagar, Introduction of Ulhasnagar, Ulhasnagar Profile". www.ulhasnagaronline.in. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015. p. 151. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Annunico, Charubala (8 January 2001). "Ulhasnagar: Brands of Ethnicity". Outlook. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  11. ^ Jain, Namita (12 April 2004). "The Problem Of Genuine Fakes". Financial Express. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  12. ^ Ramakrishna, S R (6 October 2009). "The story of true fakes". Mid Day. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  13. ^ [2] Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College
  14. ^ [3] Principal K M Kundnani Pharmacy Polytechnique
  15. ^ [4] Institute of Technology
  16. ^ [5] Dr L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy
  17. ^ [6] H and G H Mansukhani Institute of Management
  18. ^ [7] Nari Gursahani Law College
  19. ^ [8] R K Talreja College
  20. ^ "About NGLC". Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.

External linksEdit