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The Universal Machine Gun Model 1959 (Czech: Univerzální kulomet vzor 59) is a general-purpose machine gun developed in Czechoslovakia in the 1950s. It remains in use by the Czech Army and the Slovak Armed Forces.

Uk vz. 59
VZ 59 Machine gun.JPG
Type General-purpose machine gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1959–present
Used by Czech Republic
Wars Vietnam War
Nigerian Civil War
Lebanese Civil War
Kivu conflict
Production history
Designed 1956-1959
Manufacturer Zbrojovka Vsetín
Produced 1959—1990s
Variants Vz. 59 L,vz. 59T, vz. 59N, vz. 68, vz. 95, vz. 98
Weight 9.28 kg (20.5 lb) (vz. 59)
8.67 kg (19.1 lb) (vz. 59 L)
Length 1,215 mm (47.8 in) (vz. 59)
1,115 mm (43.9 in) (vz. 59 L)
Barrel length 650 mm (25.6 in) (vz. 59)
550 mm (21.7 in) (vz. 59 L)

Cartridge 7.62×54mmR / 7.62×51mm NATO
Action Gas-operated, tilting breechblock
Rate of fire 700-800 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 830 m/s (2,723 ft/s) (vz. 59)
810 m/s (2,657 ft/s) (vz. 59 L)
Effective firing range 100 to 2000 m sight adjustments
Feed system Belt-fed 50-round, weight 0.19 kg unloaded or 250 round belt
Sights Hooded front post, folding leaf rear sight, sight radius 353 mm (13.9 in)



The Uk vz. 59 fires 7.62×54mmR ammunition (although a Vz. 59N variant for 7.62×51mm NATO ammunition also exists), delivered via an ammunition belt. The weapon can serve as a light (light barrel and bipod, vz. 59L model) and medium machine gun (heavy barrel and tripod), and can also be used as a co-axial mounted weapon (Vz. 59T version).

The pistol grip acts as the charging handle for the Uk vz. 59.


See alsoEdit


External linksEdit

  Media related to UK vz. 59 at Wikimedia Commons