Ujir Singh Thapa
Ujir Singh Thapa or Uzir Singh Thapa (Nepali: उजीर सिंह थापा) also known as Wazir Simha Thapa was Nepalese administrator and military officer. He was the military commander at the Palpa-Butwal axis during the Anglo-Nepalese War. He became the Governor (Bada Hakim) and the commander of armed forces deployed in Palpa administrative sector in 1816 AD.In his name and win over British-India Rana Ujireshwori Bhagwati Jatra(Victory Procession) Still Celebrated in Tansen Palpa.
Ujir Singh Thapa
श्री कर्णेल काजी
उजीर सिंह थापा
Colonel Ujir Singh Thapa Kaji wearing noble attire at young age
|Governor of Palpa Gauda Province|
8th Mangshir, 1871 B.S. – circa 1825
|Preceded by||Amar Singh Thapa|
|Born||Chaitra, 1852 Bikram Samwat (1796 A.D.)|
|Died||20th Mangshir, 1881 B.S. (aged 29)|
|Relations||Bhimsen Thapa (uncle)|
Ranajit Pande (maternal grandfather)
Queen Tripurasundari of Nepal (sister)
Mathabarsingh Thapa (brother)
Jung Bahadur Rana (nephew)
|Mother||Rana Kumari Pande|
|Father||Nain Singh Thapa|
|Rank||Colonel (Nepali convention)|
Family and Early LifeEdit
Ujir Singh was born on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada Tithi in the year 1852 of Bikram Samvat (1796 A.D.). He was the son of Kaji Nain Singh Thapa and grandson of Sanu Sardar Amar Singh Thapa. His grandfather died on 7th Kartik 1871 B.S. He traveled 20 days from Kathmandu to Palpa and took the control of the office of Governor of Palpa Gauda (Province) on 8th Mangshir, 1871 B.S. aged 19 years old.
Military and administrative careerEdit
He was Colonel[note 1] in the ranks of Nepalese Army and was awarded an official private black seal which can be seen in the letter of 1821 A.D. to the Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa. He was the military commander at the Mid-Western (Palpa-Butwal) axis during the Anglo-Nepalese War. He had deployed 1200 troops in defenses of Jit Gadhi, Nuwakot Gadhi, and Kathe Gadhi. He was famous for exploiting an advantage in men, material, natural resources and well versed in mountain tactics. Henry Thoby Prinsep quoted about the Jeetgadh administered by Ujir Singh as :
....that Goorkhas under Colonel Wuzeer Singh, a nephew of Bheem Sein's, had taken post at the mouth of the pass, within which Bootwul is situated, and had built there a stockade called Jeetgurh, it was resolved to reconnoitre the works, and carry them, if possible, before processing further.
The British advance began on 22 Poush, 1871 B.S.(January 1814 A.D.) to Jit Gadhi. While crossing Tinau River to attack the fortress Ujir's forces opened the fire and made them fall back. Similarly, at Tansen Bazaar the British fell back with a total loss of 300 men while 70 Nepalese lost their lives. In 1825, a complaint of border incursions was lodged at the jurisdiction of Ujir Singh's administration. Such was done to oppose the Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa in the policy of forging alliance with the Burmese government.
There were two battles in between Nepal & British India on the issue of disputed land of Butwal-SIuraj. British attacked on three fronts (Makwanpur, Butwal-Siuraj,Gadhwal) from south. Major General John Sullivan Wood commanded the aggression in Butwal-Siuraj Sector on 3 Jan 1815. His plan of attack was failed because of the Nepalese tactics and bravery. Brave Colonel Ujir Singh Thapa was the Commander of the Nepalese side there. The British back from the battle field and retreated to the south.
Second time The British-Indian troop again attacked Jitgadhi in April 1815. Colonel Ujir Singh Thapa Took the advantage of surprise and deception attacking from the back while British-India troops was advancing towards the forth Jitgadhi. Only 1200 troops successfully repelled the huge British-Indian force by meticulous use of men, material and resources as well as the advantages of well versed mountain tactics.
The British side lost about 300 soldiers in that battle and they were forced back to Gorkhapur. In this way, Colonel Ujir Singh Thapa led Disciplined and brave Nepalese troops got victory over the blindly confident British Side.Thus Palpa Nepal at large was saved from the colonial British Empire forever.
After victory Colonel Ujir Singh Thapa built three storey temple of Rana Ujireshwori Bhagwati as promised before and initiated Rana Ujireshwori Bhagwati Jatra (Victory Procession) Which is still celebrated in Tansen, Palpa
- The use of English terms for their grades of command was common in the Nepalese army, but the powers of the different ranks did not correspond with those of the British system. The title of General was assumed by Bhimsen Thapa, as Commander-in-chief, and enjoyed by himself alone; of Colonels there were three or four only; all principal officers of the court, commanding more than one battalion. The title of Major was held by the adjutant of a battalion or independent company; and Captain was the next grade to colonel, implying the command of a corps. Luftun, or Lieutenant, was the style of the officers commanding companies under the Captain; and then followed the subaltern ranks of Soobadar, Jemadar, and Havildar, without any Ensigns.
- Acharya 2012.
- Prinsep 1825, pp. 86-87.
- "Nepalese Army | नेपाली सेना". Nepalarmy.mil.np. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2016-10-06.
- Prinsep 1825, p. 115.
- Pradhan 2012, p. 116.
- Acharya, Baburam (2012), Acharya, Shri Krishna, ed., Janaral Bhimsen Thapa : Yinko Utthan Tatha Pattan (in Nepali), Kathmandu: Education Book House, p. 228, ISBN 9789937241748
- Pradhan, Kumar L. (2012), Thapa Politics in Nepal: With Special Reference to Bhim Sen Thapa, 1806–1839, New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, p. 278, ISBN 9788180698132
- Prinsep, Henry Thoby (1825), History of the political and military transactions in India during the administration of the Marquess of Hastings, 1813-1823, Vol 1, Kingsbury, Parbury & Allen
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