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Ujae Atoll (Marshallese: Ujae or Wūjae, [u̯u͡izʲæ͡ɑɑ̯ɛ̯ɛɛ̯][1]) is a coral atoll of 15 islands in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. Its total land area is only 1.86 square kilometres (0.72 sq mi), but it encloses a lagoon of 185.94 square kilometres (71.79 sq mi). It is located about 122 kilometres (76 mi) west of Kwajalein Atoll.

Ujae Atoll
UjaeAtoll.jpg
NASA picture of Ujae Atoll
Ujae Atoll is located in Marshall Islands
Ujae Atoll
Ujae Atoll
Geography
LocationNorth Pacific Ocean
Coordinates09°03′00″N 165°39′00″E / 9.05000°N 165.65000°E / 9.05000; 165.65000
ArchipelagoRalik
Total islands14
Area1.86 km2 (0.72 sq mi)
Highest elevation3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population364 (2011)
Ethnic groupsMarshallese

In folklore, the Marshallese people have long considered the island to be home to timon (demons).[2]

In 2011, the population of Ujae Atoll was 364.

Its first recorded sighting was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Saavedra on 21 September 1529.[3] Another sighting was reported by the Spanish expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos in January 1543.[4]

In 1884, the Empire of Germany claimed Ujae Atoll along with the rest of the Marshall Islands. After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Following the end of World War II, it came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.

EducationEdit

Marshall Islands Public School System operates Ujae Elementary School.[5] Kwajalein Atoll High School on Kwajalein serves the community.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marshallese-English Dictionary - Place Name Index
  2. ^ Kelin, Daniel A. II (2003), Marshall Islands Legends and Stories, Honolulu: Bess Press Publishers
  3. ^ Coello, Francisco "Conflicto hispano-alemán" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.XIX. 2º semestre 1885, Madrid, pp.235, 267, 268
  4. ^ Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, p.32.
  5. ^ "Public Schools ." Marshall Islands Public School System. Retrieved on February 21, 2018.
  6. ^ "Annual Report 2011-2012." Ministry of Education (Marshall Islands). Retrieved on February 22, 2018. p. 54 (PDF p. 55/118). "Kwajalein Atoll High School enrolls students from Kwajalein and the Kabinmeto zone including schools in Ujae, Lae, and Wotto."

External linksEdit