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Udhampur (ˌʊd̪ʱəmpur) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.[citation needed] Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed here. Udhampur is used by the Armed Forces as a transit point between Jammu and Srinagar when travelling by road on National Highway 1A.

Udhampur
City
Udhampur is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Udhampur
Udhampur
Udhampur is located in India
Udhampur
Udhampur
Coordinates: 32°54′58″N 75°08′31″E / 32.915977°N 75.141937°E / 32.915977; 75.141937Coordinates: 32°54′58″N 75°08′31″E / 32.915977°N 75.141937°E / 32.915977; 75.141937
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictUdhampur District
Founded byRaja Udham Singh
Named forRaja Udham Singh
Government
 • BodyUdhampur Municipal Council
Area
 • Total51 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
755 m (2,477 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total1,12,384
 • Density4,686/km2 (12,140/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Dogri Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
182101 (Udhampur), 182104 (PTC Udhampur), 182124 (Jaganoo, downtown), 182121 (Garhi)
Telephone code91-1992
Vehicle registrationJK-14
Websiteudhampur.nic.in

Contents

GeographyEdit

The district of Udhampur is located in the Shivalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season.[2] The city itself is in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and it rarely experiences any snowfall.

AdministrationEdit

The city of Udhampur is governed by Udhampur Municipal Council with 22 municipal wards. Udhampur consists of four administrative districts: Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.

ClimateEdit

The city's climate is subtropical. Summer temperatures may exceed 40 degrees while temperatures below freezing have been recorded in winter. The annual rainfall is 130 cm, mainly in monsoons and winters. Central Udhampur rarely experiences snowfall, though its outer regions do occasionally. Due to changing climate patterns, heavier snowfall has been experienced in recent years. In 2011, there was about 15 cm snow. Heavy hailstorms with piles of hail can be experienced in February and March.

Climate data for Udhampur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24
(75)
29
(84)
33
(91)
39
(102)
40.5
(104.9)
40.9
(105.6)
41
(106)
38
(100)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
25
(77)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.9
(71.4)
26.6
(79.9)
32.9
(91.2)
38.3
(100.9)
40.6
(105.1)
35.5
(95.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.6
(92.5)
31.7
(89.1)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70.0)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
9.7
(49.5)
13.6
(56.5)
19.0
(66.2)
24.4
(75.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.4
(65.1)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
6
(43)
7
(45)
13
(55)
13
(55)
8
(46)
12
(54)
4
(39)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
−4.4
(24.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 50.0
(1.97)
46.4
(1.83)
53.2
(2.09)
26.3
(1.04)
16.0
(0.63)
51.8
(2.04)
283.4
(11.16)
644.5
(25.37)
123.9
(4.88)
38.1
(1.50)
11.9
(0.47)
42.2
(1.66)
1,387.7
(54.63)
Source #1: BBC Weather
Source #2: IMD

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 Indian census,[3] Udhampur has a population of 59,236. Males constitute 65% of the population and females 35%. The large male percentage is due to the army constituting a large part of the city's population. Udhampur has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 89%, and female literacy is 75%. In Udhampur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. About 74% of the population practices Hinduism, followed by Islam 25% and about 1% population is Sikh.

Religions in udhampur
Religion Percent
Hindus
74%
Muslims
25%
sikhs
0.7%
Others†
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

Udhampur is located on National Highway NH-44, which is the only national highway that connects Srinagar to the rest of India. Bus services (both private and state owned) are the most common mode of public transportation to and from Udhampur. Frequent connections to the Kashmir Valley and Jammu are available. Taxi services are also available for going to Jammu and Srinagar and other nearby towns, and minibuses operate within the city.

RailEdit

Udhampur is connected to Jammu which is the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. The Uttar Sampark Kranti Express train from New Delhi was the first train to run on this link in 2005. More than a dozen long-distance trains either originate from Udhampur railway terminus or connect Udhampur to the rest of India. Commuter unreserved passenger trains link Jammu and Udhampur.

The project to connect Udhampur to the Kashmir valley by railway track is progressing. The railway line has been laid to Katra. Now Katra to Banihal track remains to be laid to complete the Jammu–Baramulla line.

The Northern Railway Construction Organization (Jammu–Baramulla line) is working on connecting Udhampur and Srinagar.

AirEdit

Udhampur Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Udhampur but it is not open for civilians. Jammu Airport is the nearest civilian airport.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2011 census was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Udhampur, India". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Table-3: Population, population in the age group 0-6 and literates by sex - Cities/Towns (in alphabetic order): 2001". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004.

16. Pingla Mata Shrine — Pingla Mata Cave is situated in Village Pinger of Ramnagar Tehsil in Udhampur District.

External linksEdit