Ubuntu MATE is a free and open-source Linux distribution and an official derivative of Ubuntu. Its main differentiation from Ubuntu is that it uses the MATE desktop environment as its default user interface, based on GNOME 2 which was used for Ubuntu versions prior to 11.04, instead of the Unity graphical shell that is the default user interface for the Ubuntu desktop, or GNOME Shell starting with Ubuntu 17.10.
Ubuntu MATE 17.04 Zesty Zapus
|Developer||Ubuntu MATE team|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||23 October 2014|
|Latest release||17.10.1 / 12 January 2018|
|Update method||APT (Software Updater, Ubuntu Software Center)|
|Platforms||IA-32, x86-64, PowerPC, ARM|
|Default user interface||MATE|
|License||Free software licenses
The Ubuntu MATE project was founded by Martin Wimpress and Alan Pope and began as an unofficial derivative of Ubuntu, using an Ubuntu 14.10 base for its first release; a 14.04 LTS release followed shortly. As of February 2015, Ubuntu MATE gained the official Ubuntu flavour status from Canonical Ltd. as per the release of 15.04 Beta 1. In addition to IA-32 and x86-64 which were the initial supported platforms, Ubuntu MATE also supports PowerPC and ARMv7 (on the Raspberry Pi 2 and 3).
In April 2015, Ubuntu MATE announced a partnership with British computer reseller Entroware, enabling Entroware customers to purchase desktop and laptop computers with Ubuntu MATE preinstalled with full support. Several other hardware deals were announced later.
|Current release||Release no longer supported||Release still supported||Future release|
|Version||Codename||Release date||Supported until||Remarks|
|14.04 LTS||Trusty Tahr||2014-11-11||April 2019|
|14.10||Utopic Unicorn||2014-10-23||July 2015||
First release of Ubuntu MATE.
|15.04||Vivid Vervet||2015-04-23||January 2016||
First release as an official Ubuntu flavour.
|15.10||Wily Werewolf||2015-10-22||July 2016||
Features MATE 1.10, Ubuntu Software Centre not installed by default.
|16.04 LTS||Xenial Xerus||2016-04-21||April 2019|
|16.10||Yakkety Yak||2016-10-13||July 2017||Full GTK3+ implementation of the MATE Desktop. Most default applications are “Recommended” and can thus be uninstalled without issue.|
|17.04||Zesty Zapus||2017-04-13||January 2018||Previous non-LTS Ubuntu MATE release, with nine months of support. Concludes the migration to GTK3+.|
|17.10||Artful Aardvark||2017-10-19||July 2018||Current non-LTS release.|
In a May 2016 review Jesse Smith of DistroWatch concluded, "despite my initial problems getting Ubuntu MATE installed and running smoothly, I came away with a positive view of the distribution. The project is providing a very friendly desktop experience that requires few hardware resources by modern standards. I also want to tip my hat to the default theme used on Ubuntu MATE."
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