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Ubuntu MATE is a free and open-source Linux distribution and an official derivative of Ubuntu. Its main differentiation from Ubuntu is that it uses the MATE desktop environment as its default user interface, based on GNOME 2 which was used for Ubuntu versions prior to 11.04, instead of the Unity graphical shell that is the default user interface for the Ubuntu desktop, or GNOME Shell starting with Ubuntu 17.10.[1][2]

Ubuntu MATE
Ubuntu MATE logo
Ubuntu Mate 18.04.1 with MATE 1.20.1.png
Ubuntu MATE 18.04.1 Bionic Beaver with MATE 1.20.1
DeveloperUbuntu MATE team
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release23 October 2014; 4 years ago (2014-10-23)
Latest release18.10 / 18 October 2018; 58 days ago (2018-10-18)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodAPT (Software Updater, Ubuntu Software Center)
Package managerdpkg
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, PowerPC, ARM
Kernel typeMonolithic
UserlandGNU
Default user interfaceMATE
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official websiteubuntu-mate.org
Support status
Supported

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Ubuntu MATE project was founded by Martin Wimpress and Alan Pope[3] and began as an unofficial derivative of Ubuntu, using an Ubuntu 14.10 base for its first release;[4] a 14.04 LTS release followed shortly.[5] As of February 2015, Ubuntu MATE gained the official Ubuntu flavour status from Canonical Ltd. as per the release of 15.04 Beta 1.[6][7] In addition to IA-32 and x86-64 which were the initial supported platforms, Ubuntu MATE also supports PowerPC and ARMv7 (on the Raspberry Pi 2 and 3[8] as well as the ODROID XU4[9]).

In April 2015, Ubuntu MATE announced a partnership with British computer reseller Entroware, enabling Entroware customers to purchase desktop and laptop computers with Ubuntu MATE preinstalled with full support.[10] Several other hardware deals were announced later.

In Ubuntu MATE 18.10, 32-bit support planned to be dropped.[11]

ReleasesEdit

Current release Release no longer supported Release still supported Future release
Version Codename Release date Supported until Remarks
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-11-11 April 2019

Released after the 14.10 release in order to provide long-term support until 2019, following Ubuntu.[5]

14.10[12] Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23 July 2015

First release of Ubuntu MATE.[4]

15.04 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-23[13] January 2016

First release as an official Ubuntu flavour.[1]

15.10[14] Wily Werewolf 2015-10-22[15] July 2016

Features MATE 1.10, Ubuntu Software Centre not installed by default.[16]

16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-21 April 2019[17]

First official LTS release; features MATE 1.12.x DE, expanded Welcome application and Software Boutique; has ZFS built in by default.[18][19]

16.10 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13[20] July 2017 Full GTK3+ implementation of the MATE Desktop. Most default applications are “Recommended” and can thus be uninstalled without issue.[21]
17.04 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13 January 2018 Previous non-LTS Ubuntu MATE release, with nine months of support. Concludes the migration to GTK3+.[22]
17.10[23] Artful Aardvark 2017-10-19 July 2018 Non-LTS release.[24]
18.04 LTS[25][26][27][28] Bionic Beaver 2018-04-26 April 2021 The current LTS release.[29][30][31]
18.10[32][33][34] Cosmic Cuttlefish 2018-10-18 July 2019 Latest non-LTS 64-bit-only release, end of 32-bit support. Features MATE 1.20. Release for GPD Pocket and GPD Pocket 2.[35][36][37]
19.04 Disco Dingo April 2019 January 2020

ReceptionEdit

In a May 2016 review Jesse Smith of DistroWatch concluded, "despite my initial problems getting Ubuntu MATE installed and running smoothly, I came away with a positive view of the distribution. The project is providing a very friendly desktop experience that requires few hardware resources by modern standards. I also want to tip my hat to the default theme used on Ubuntu MATE."[38]

As of August 2017, Ubuntu MATE ranked at 24 on the Distrowatch 6 month page hit ranking.[39]

Dedoimedo reviewed Ubuntu MATE in a July 2018, and here was wrote that "Ubuntu MATE offering wealth of visual and functional changes, and the users have an ability to implement anything, and all natively from within distribution's interface".[40]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "UbuntuFlavours - Ubuntu Wiki".
  2. ^ Nestor, Marius (Apr 19, 2017). "Canonical to Make GNOME Default Session in Ubuntu 17.10, Likely Use Wayland". Softpedia. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Team - Ubuntu MATE".
  4. ^ a b "Ubuntu MATE Sees Its First Release (14.10)".
  5. ^ a b "Ubuntu MATE 14.04 LTS Available For Download".
  6. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Ellijah. "Ubuntu MATE Is Now An Official Ubuntu Flavor". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  7. ^ "GNOME 2 is back: Ubuntu MATE is now an official flavor".
  8. ^ "Download Ubuntu MATE". Ubuntu MATE. Ubuntu MATE Team. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Release Note of Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS (v4.0)". Ubuntu MATE For XU4. HardKernel. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Ubuntu MATE Inks First Hardware Deal".
  11. ^ Dropping 32-bit support, DistroWatch
  12. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 601, 16 March 2015
  13. ^ "VividVervet/ReleaseSchedule".
  14. ^ Ubuntu 15.10 MATE - The wolf that cried sheep, Dedoimedo
  15. ^ "WilyWerewolf/ReleaseSchedule".
  16. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 15.10 Officially Released with a Huge Number of Improvements". Softpedia. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Ubuntu MATE 16.04(Xenial Xerus) Will Be an LTS Release, Supported for 3 Years".
  18. ^ Larabel, Michael. "Taking ZFS For A Test Drive On Ubuntu 16.04 LTS". phoronix. Phoronix Media. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  19. ^ "How to install ubuntu mate onto single sdd with zfs as main fs". Ubuntu MATE. ubuntu-mate.community. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  20. ^ "YakketyYak/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki". Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  21. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2016-10-13). "Ubuntu MATE 16.10". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  22. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2017-04-13). "Ubuntu MATE 17.04". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  23. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 747, 22 January 2018
  24. ^ Wimpress, Martin (2017-10-19). "Ubuntu MATE 17.10". Ubuntu MATE. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  25. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS: What’s New? - OMG! Ubuntu!
  26. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS Will Ship with a New Default Layout Called "Familiar", Softpedia News
  27. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Bionic Beaver - Medium-well, Dedoimedo
  28. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 774, 30 July 2018
  29. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Beta 1 | Ubuntu MATE
  30. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 Beta 2 | Ubuntu MATE
  31. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS Final Release | Ubuntu MATE
  32. ^ Ubuntu 18.10 Flavors Released, Ready to Download - OMG! Ubuntu!
  33. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Will Drop 32-Bit Support for New Installations, Softpedia News
  34. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 786, 22 October 2018
  35. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Beta | Ubuntu MATE
  36. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 Final Release | Ubuntu MATE
  37. ^ Ubuntu MATE 18.10 is Now Available for the GPD Pocket Laptop - OMG! Ubuntu!
  38. ^ Smith, Jesse (9 May 2016). "Ubuntu MATE 16.04 LTS". DistroWatch. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  39. ^ "DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD". 2017-08-06. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  40. ^ "Ubuntu MATE - Pimp your desktop to perfection". www.dedoimedo.com. Retrieved 2018-08-27.

External linksEdit