Ubuntu MATE is a free and open-source Linux distribution and an official derivative of Ubuntu. Its main differentiation from Ubuntu is that it uses the MATE desktop environment as its default user interface, based on GNOME 2 which was used for Ubuntu versions prior to 11.04, instead of the Unity graphical shell that is the default user interface for the Ubuntu desktop, or GNOME Shell starting with Ubuntu 17.10.
Ubuntu MATE 18.04.1 Bionic Beaver with MATE 1.20.1
|Developer||Ubuntu MATE team|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||23 October 2014|
|Latest release||18.10 / 18 October 2018|
|Update method||APT (Software Updater, Ubuntu Software Center)|
|Platforms||IA-32, x86-64, PowerPC, ARM|
|Default user interface||MATE|
|License||Free software licenses|
The Ubuntu MATE project was founded by Martin Wimpress and Alan Pope and began as an unofficial derivative of Ubuntu, using an Ubuntu 14.10 base for its first release; a 14.04 LTS release followed shortly. As of February 2015, Ubuntu MATE gained the official Ubuntu flavour status from Canonical Ltd. as per the release of 15.04 Beta 1. In addition to IA-32 and x86-64 which were the initial supported platforms, Ubuntu MATE also supports PowerPC and ARMv7 (on the Raspberry Pi 2 and 3 as well as the ODROID XU4).
In April 2015, Ubuntu MATE announced a partnership with British computer reseller Entroware, enabling Entroware customers to purchase desktop and laptop computers with Ubuntu MATE preinstalled with full support. Several other hardware deals were announced later.
In Ubuntu MATE 18.10, 32-bit support planned to be dropped.
|Current release||Release no longer supported||Release still supported||Future release|
|Version||Codename||Release date||Supported until||Remarks|
|14.04 LTS||Trusty Tahr||2014-11-11||April 2019|
|14.10||Utopic Unicorn||2014-10-23||July 2015||
First release of Ubuntu MATE.
|15.04||Vivid Vervet||2015-04-23||January 2016||
First release as an official Ubuntu flavour.
|15.10||Wily Werewolf||2015-10-22||July 2016||
Features MATE 1.10, Ubuntu Software Centre not installed by default.
|16.04 LTS||Xenial Xerus||2016-04-21||April 2019|
|16.10||Yakkety Yak||2016-10-13||July 2017||Full GTK3+ implementation of the MATE Desktop. Most default applications are “Recommended” and can thus be uninstalled without issue.|
|17.04||Zesty Zapus||2017-04-13||January 2018||Previous non-LTS Ubuntu MATE release, with nine months of support. Concludes the migration to GTK3+.|
|17.10||Artful Aardvark||2017-10-19||July 2018||Non-LTS release.|
|18.04 LTS||Bionic Beaver||2018-04-26||April 2021||The current LTS release.|
|18.10||Cosmic Cuttlefish||2018-10-18||July 2019||Latest non-LTS 64-bit-only release, end of 32-bit support. Features MATE 1.20. Release for GPD Pocket and GPD Pocket 2.|
|19.04||Disco Dingo||April 2019||January 2020|
In a May 2016 review Jesse Smith of DistroWatch concluded, "despite my initial problems getting Ubuntu MATE installed and running smoothly, I came away with a positive view of the distribution. The project is providing a very friendly desktop experience that requires few hardware resources by modern standards. I also want to tip my hat to the default theme used on Ubuntu MATE."
Dedoimedo reviewed Ubuntu MATE in a July 2018, and here was wrote that "Ubuntu MATE offering wealth of visual and functional changes, and the users have an ability to implement anything, and all natively from within distribution's interface".
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