Ubara-tutu (or Ubartutu) of Shuruppak was the last antediluvian king of Sumer. He was said to have reigned for 18,600 years (5 sars and 1 ner). He was the son of En-men-dur-ana, a Sumerian mythological figure often compared to Enoch, as he entered heaven without dying. Ubara-Tutu was the king of Sumer until a flood swept over his land,[5] like Methuselah.[6][7]

Ubara-Tutu
Lista Reale Sumerica.jpg
The Weld-Blundell Prism is among the oldest, most well-preserved, and better-known versions of the Sumerian King List, and includes the inscription for Ubara-Tutu.[1]
High King of Sumer
Reignc. 2810 BCE[2]
PredecessorEn-men-dur-ana[3]
SuccessorJushur
King of Shuruppak
Reignc. 2900 BCE
PredecessorUnknown
SuccessorZiusudra
BornShuruppak
Era name and dates
Early Dynastic Ic. 2900 – c. 2700 BCE (MC)
Sumerian𒁛𒁺𒁺[4]
DynastyDynasty of Shuruppak
ReligionSumerian religion

After the deluge, the kingship was reestablished in the northern city of Kish, according to the Sumerian king list.

After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridu. In Eridu, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28,800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36,000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64,800 years. Then Eridu fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira. In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43,200 years. En-men-gal-ana ruled for 28,800 years. Dumuzid, the shepherd, ruled for 36,000 years. 3 kings; they ruled for 108,000 years. Then Bad-tibira fell and the kingship was taken to Larak. In Larak, En-sipad-zid-ana ruled for 28,800 years. 1 king; he ruled for 28,800 years. Then Larak fell and the kingship was taken to Sippar. In Sippar, En-men-dur-ana became king; he ruled for 21,000 years. 1 king; he ruled for 21,000 years. Then Sippar fell and the kingship was taken to Shuruppak.

Ubara-tutu is briefly mentioned in tablet XI of the Epic of Gilgamesh. He is identified as the father of Utnapishtim, a character who is instructed by the god Ea to build a boat in order to survive the coming flood.[13]

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NotesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Ashmolean 2017.
  2. ^ Kessler 2008a.
  3. ^ a b Black et al. 2006.
  4. ^ Sjöberg, Leichty & Tinney 2021.
  5. ^ Pritchard, James B. (ed.), Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1955, 1969). 1950 1st edition at Google Books. p.44: "...a flood [will sweep] over the cult-centers; to destroy the seed of mankind; is the decision, the word of the assembly [of the gods]."
  6. ^ Pritchard 1950, p. 44.
  7. ^ "The Untold Truth Of Methuselah". Grunge.
  8. ^ Jacobsen 1939.
  9. ^ Langdon 1923.
  10. ^ Langdon 2007.
  11. ^ Lendering 2020.
  12. ^ Wang 2014.
  13. ^ George, Andrew R. (2003). The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian. Penguin Classics. ISBN 9780241289907.

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Preceded by 8th King of Sumer
legendary
Succeeded by
Unknown King of Shuruppak
legendary
city flooded