The U Line is a driverless, fully automatic, grade-separated light rail or light metro line in Uijeongbu, Seoul Capital Area, South Korea. The "U" stands for the city Uijeongbu. The line uses Véhicule Automatique Léger (VAL) 208 trains built by Siemens Transportation Systems. The system is very similar to the Toulouse Metro, Lille Metro and Rennes Metro in France.
|System||Seoul Metropolitan Subway|
|Opened||June 29, 2012 (trial)|
July 1, 2012 (revenue)
|Operator(s)||Uijeongbu LRT Co. LTD.|
|Line length||11.2 km (7.0 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,620 mm|
The line is 11.2 km (7.0 mi) long on elevated track and offers a transfer to Line 1 at Hoeryong Station. Single rides cost 1,550 won. During rush hours trains come every 3 and a half minutes with trains coming every 6 to 10 minutes during all other hours. Trains are in service 19.5 hours a day, from 5 am until 12:30 am. From Balgok Station to Tapseok Station, the U Line will take riders 19 minutes and 54 seconds, versus a car, at 31 minutes 6 seconds, or a public bus, taking 40 minutes and 6 seconds. Two extensions are planned.
After four and a half years of operating at a continual loss, a debt of 240 billion won prompted board members of the Uijeongbu Light Rail Transit Company to file for bankruptcy in late 2016. If the Seoul Central District Court agrees to the filing then operation reverts to the city government. On January 5, 2017, Uijeongbu Mayor Ahn Byung-yong promised the line would continue operation.
- 1995 December – Initial planning
- 2004 August – GS Construction Consortium is picked
- 2005 October – Operating company is established
- 2007 July – Construction groundbreaking ceremony
- 2007 August – Full construction begins
- 2011 Summer – All track has been laid
- 2011 Fall – Signal work completion
- 2012 February to June- Testing of system
- 2012 June 29–30 – Free rides prior to official opening 
- 2012 July 1 – Revenue service begins
- 2014 December 6 – Joins metropolitan unity fare allowing transfers to other lines and buses. Fares start from 1,350, with a flat 300 won extra charge if transferring from Line 1.
The U Line is physically connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system and allows payment via the T-money smart card. It allows transfer to other lines and buses since 6 December 2014. Discounts are available for youth and free rides exist for those over 65 years of age.
There is no station numbered U116.
|Station name||Transfer||Line name||Station
|U114||Uijeongbu City Hall||의정부시청||議政府市廳|
|U120||Gyeonggi Provincial Government North Office||경기도청 북부청사||京畿道廳 北部廳舍|
- "Uijeongbu Light Rail Transit, South Korea". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- David Briginshaw (2 July 2012). "Korean city opens automatic light metro". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- Michael Taplin (March 2013). "Home – World Systems List index – World List K-O – Korea South (KR)". Light Rail Transit Association (LRTA). Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- 의정부경전철 개통 및 이용안내 [Opening Info] (in Korean). U Line. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- 운영정보 [Operating Info] (in Korean). U Line. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- 노선안내 [Time differences and station names] (in Korean). U Line. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- "Uijeongbu light rail files for bankruptcy". Korea Joongang Daily. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- 시행사소개 [History page] (in Korean). U Line. Archived from the original on 1 November 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2012.