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USS Plymouth was a sloop-of-war constructed and commissioned just prior to the Mexican–American War. She was heavily gunned, and traveled to Japan as part of Commodore Matthew C. Perry's effort to force Japan to open her ports to international trade. She also served in European and Caribbean waters and, later in her career, she was used to train midshipmen.

History
Union Navy Jack United States
Name: USS Plymouth
Namesake: Plymouth, Massachusetts
Builder: Boston Navy Yard
Laid down: 16 June 1843[1]
Launched: 11 October 1843[1]
In service: circa 3 April 1844
Out of service: 20 April 1861
Fate: Scuttled to prevent capture, 20 April 1861
Name: CSS Plymouth
In service: 23 June 1861
Homeport: Gosport Navy Yard
Fate:
  • Scuttled to prevent capture, 10 May 1862
  • Raised and subsequently sold, 8 February 1864
General characteristics
Type: Sloop of War
Displacement: 989 tons
Length: 147 ft 6 in (44.96 m) (lbp)
Beam: 38 ft 1 in (11.61 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 2 in (5.23 m)
Propulsion: Sail
Sail plan: Ship-Rigged
Speed: not known
Boats & landing
craft carried:
1x Launch, 2x Cutters, 2x Quarterboats, 1x Stern boat
Complement: 210
Armament:
  • four 8" shell guns (63 CWT/7,056 lbs)
  • eighteen 32-pounder guns (42 CWT/4,704 lbs)

Plymouth was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Plymouth, Massachusetts, a town on Plymouth Bay, about 35 mi (56 km) southeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Plymouth was founded by the Pilgrims in 1620.

Contents

Built in BostonEdit

Built by the Boston Navy Yard, she departed Boston, Massachusetts, on 3 April 1844 for the Mediterranean Sea, Commander Henry Henry in command.

After over a year in European waters, she sailed westward and arrived at New York City on 4 October 1846.

Far EastEdit

Following service on the U.S. East Coast, Plymouth departed New York City, 13 February 1848, for the Far East, returning to Norfolk, Virginia, from the East Indies on 29 January 1851. On 23 August 1851 she stood out from Hampton Roads, Virginia, bound once again for the Orient.

After duty on the East India Squadron, she joined Commodore Matthew C. Perry's expedition to Japan, entering Edo Bay on 8 July 1853 and departing on 17 July. She returned in February of the following year and before heading home put into Shanghai where she sent a party ashore to support a coordinated British-American expedition against hostile forts in the area.

Training Navy midshipmenEdit

Returning to Norfolk, Virginia, 11 January 1855, Plymouth began an extended tour in the Atlantic Ocean. Assigned as a midshipmen training ship during the summers of 1855 and 1856, she tested new ordnance under the command of Commander John A. Dahlgren in 1858 and resumed duties as a training ship for midshipmen during the summers of 1859 and 1860.

American Civil WarEdit

Plymouth was at Norfolk, Virginia, for repairs during the secession crises in the winter of 1860–1861. After Virginia seceded from the Union, she was scuttled and partially burned there, 20 April 1861, to prevent her capture by the forces of the Confederate States of America when the Gosport Navy Yard fell into their hands.

The Confederates raised her by 23 June 1861, despite her being 30 feet (9.1 meters) deep in mud and water,[2] and planned to sail her up the James River to Richmond. However, when the Navy Yard was recaptured by the Union on 10 May 1862, she had not been moved and the Confederates scuttled her to avoid capture.[3] She was again raised and her hulk sold at auction on 8 February 1864.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

  1. ^ a b "Naval Launch". The New York Herald. New York. 14 October 1843. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  2. ^ "The Sloop-of-War Plymouth". The Daily Dispatch. Richmond, Virginia. June 25, 1861. p. 3. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  3. ^ "CSS Plymouth". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  4. ^ "Government Sale by Auction". Evening Star. Washington, D.C. 3 February 1864. p. 1. Retrieved 18 October 2016.