U.S. Route 93 (US 93) is a major north–south 1,359-mile (2,187 km)[1][2][3][4][5] U.S. Numbered Highway in the western United States, that connects U.S. Route 60 (US 60) in Wickenburg, Arizona, with British Columbia Highway 93 at the Canadian border (north of Eureka, Montana).[6] The highway passes through Kingman, Arizona; Las Vegas, Nevada; Twin Falls, Idaho; and Missoula, Montana.

U.S. Route 93 marker

U.S. Route 93

US 93 highlighted in red
Route information
Length1,359 mi[1][2][3][4] (2,187 km)
Major junctions
South end US 60 in Wickenburg, AZ
Major intersections
North end Hwy 93 at the Canada–US border at the Port of Roosville north of Eureka, MT
CountryUnited States
StatesArizona, Nevada, Idaho, Montana
Highway system
US 92 US 94

Route description edit

  mi km
AZ 199 320
NV 527 848
ID 351 565
MT 288 463
Total 1,365 2,197

Arizona edit

US 93 begins at US 60 in Wickenburg, a small town approximately 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Phoenix. Thirty miles (48 km) northwest of Wickenburg, US 93 passes through a large forest of Joshua trees and is thus labeled the Joshua Forest Parkway of Arizona until it reaches Wikieup.

From there, it heads north, eventually merging with Interstate 40 (I-40) to head west to Kingman. US 93 then splits from I-40 in Kingman and heads north to the Hoover Dam. Chloride is located off this highway, and Santa Claus is on the western side, about 15 miles (24 km) before the Chloride Road intersection.

This highway was known to be one of the deadliest routes in America until recently[when?]. The years of improvements have made it a much safer road to travel, according to the Federal Highway Administration.[7]

Nevada edit

US 93 heading towards Alamo, Nevada October 1997

US 93 enters Nevada where Interstate 11 (I-11) currently begins: on the Hoover Dam Bypass. I-11 / US 93 then winds its way west-southwest through Boulder City before merging with U.S. Route 95 (US 95) past the interchange with Nevada State Route 173. These three routes (I-11 / US 93 / US 95) then curve northwest toward Las Vegas. Upon reaching the southern end of Interstate 515 (I-515) and the northern end of I-11 in Henderson, US 93 / US 95 then run concurrent I-515 through Henderson and southeastern Las Vegas, where US 93 exits at the Las Vegas Spaghetti Bowl interchange just northwest of downtown, heading northbound concurrently with Interstate 15 (I#8209;15). Those two routes then run in a northeasterly direction through North Las Vegas until they exit the metro area, where US 93 diverges from I-15 at Apex to head north toward Great Basin National Park. Near there, the highway joins with the combined US Routes U.S. Route 6 / U.S. Route 50 (US 6 / US 50) to run northwest toward Ely. In Ely, US 6 first departs and heads west toward Tonopah. Then, shortly thereafter, US 50 departs US 93 to continue west toward Fallon and Reno (via U.S. Route 50 Alternate west, U.S. Route 95 Alternate north, and Interstate 80 [I-80] west) and Carson City. Upon reaching Lages Station, U.S. Route 93 Alternate (US 93 Alt) splits off in a northeasterly direction toward West Wendover. The main route of US 93 continues north from Lages Station, intersecting I-80 at Wells before crossing the Idaho state line on the north edge of Jackpot.

Between State Route 318 and Majors Junction (US 6 / US 50), US 93 is designated a Nevada Scenic Byway.[8] From Ely to Schellbourne Ranch, US 93 is part of the Lincoln Highway,[9] the first road across the United States.

Idaho edit

US 93 entering Grand View Canyon (between Mackay and Challis, Idaho, June 2005)

Shortly after entering Idaho, US 93 crosses U.S. Route 30 as it before running through the northern edge Twin Falls. North of here, the highway crosses the Snake River Canyon via the Perrine Bridge enroute to an interchange with Interstate 84. US 93 passes through Shoshone and runs concurrently with U.S. Route 20 / U.S. Route 26 (US 20 / US 26) before reaching Arco. The highway then turns northwest (leaving US 20 / US 26) to enter the Big Lost River valley through Mackay.

Just south of Challis, US 93 becomes the northern leg of the Salmon River Scenic Byway as it heads toward the town of Salmon.[10] From there, the highway follows portions of the Lewis and Clark Trail and passes through the Salmon-Challis National Forest before entering Montana.

Montana edit

Montana State Line, US 93 at Lost Trail Pass, June 2013

US 93 enters Montana from Idaho at Lost Trail Pass and travels north descending through the Bitterroot National Forest. The highway continues along the Lewis and Clark Trail into the Bitterroot Valley towards Missoula, passing through Darby and Hamilton. At Lolo, U.S. Route 12 (US 12) joins from the west and they run concurrently northeast for 7.537 miles (12.130 km), where US 93 heads due north on Reserve Street in Missoula. US 93 then joins Interstate 90 (I-90) and runs concurrently westward for 5.352 miles (8.613 km) to Wye, where it heads north.

From Wye, US 93 continues north through the Flathead Indian Reservation, where its signage includes the historic Salish and Kutenai names for towns, rivers, and streams.[11] Portions of this section run along the CSKT Bison Range. North of the reservation, US 93 traverses the western shore of Flathead Lake, the largest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi River. North of the lake the highway runs through the cities of Kalispell and Whitefish, traveling through the Flathead National Forest and the Stillwater State Forest before reaching its terminus at the Canada–US border near Eureka. On entering Canada, the roadway becomes British Columbia Highway 93.

The portion north of Hamilton travels through one of the most densely populated areas in Montana. This section also serves as a popular north–south connection between Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park. As a result, the road tends to become more congested between Hamilton and Whitefish. A popular bumper sticker in Montana reads, "Pray for me, I drive Hwy 93!"[12]

The "Animals' Bridge" on the Flathead Indian Reservation is used by grizzly and black bears,[13] January 2012

Total US 93 mileage in Montana as of 2013 is 287.919 miles (463.361 km): 90.763 miles (146.069 km) from the Idaho line to Reserve Street in Missoula via corridor N-7 (C000007) (includes 7.524 miles (12.109 km) concurrency with US 12), 5.369 miles (8.641 km) via corridor N-92 (C000092) (Reserve Street), 5.384 miles (8.665 km) concurrent with I-90 and MT 200 (C000090) and 186.403 miles (299.987 km) from Wye to the Canadian border via corridor N-5 (C000005) (includes 27.215 miles (43.798 km) concurrency with Montana Highway 200).

History edit

US 93 was not one of the original U.S. highways proposed in the 1925 Bureau of Public Roads plan.[citation needed] However, the revised numbering plan approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) on November 11, 1926, established US 93 from the Canada–US border north of Eureka, Montana, south through Montana and Idaho to a southern terminus at Wells, Nevada.[5]

US 93's original northern terminus was a few miles west of its current terminus, along the Kootenai River at the Gateway Port of entry. This was the case until around 1934, when US 93 was routed along its current route.[14]

AASHO, at its June 8, 1931, meeting, approved a southerly extension of US 93 south to Glendale, Nevada.[5] By 1932, the Nevada Department of Highways had marked the continuation of the highway using the routing of several preexisting state highways.[15]

At the request of the Arizona State Highway Department, the AASHO route numbering committee approved another extension of US 93 in 1935. This shifted the southern terminus south to Kingman, Arizona, by way of Las Vegas.[5] Nevada officials again extended the route along preexisting highways; however, they may not have signed the extension right away as it was not shown on Nevada's state-published maps until 1939.[5][16][17]

Until 1993, US 93 ended a short distance north of Wickenburg, Arizona, at a junction with U.S. Route 89. When US 89 was decommissioned in the area, the US 93 designation was carried on into Wickenburg.[citation needed]

A highway segment opened on October 19, 2010, in the area of Hoover Dam;[18] the Hoover Dam Bypass replaces a segment of US 93 over the dam that had been closed to truck traffic due to security concerns since the September 11 attacks in 2001.[19] The bypass crosses the Colorado River on a bridge downstream of the dam. The bypass eliminated the permanent truck detour through either Laughlin, Nevada, or Needles, California, that had been in place since 2001.

Future edit

US 93 (with US 60 to the southeast of Wickenburg) is currently the shortest and most direct route between Las Vegas and Phoenix, two of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. Upgrades of US 60 and US 93 to expressway status are scheduled between Las Vegas and Phoenix.[20] Most recently, in the 2012 Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act, the United States Congress officially designated a new Interstate freeway corridor between the two cities as Interstate 11,[21] which would mostly or completely replace US 93 in Arizona.

A new U.S. Route 93 Alternate was built to bypass through traffic around downtown Kalispell, Montana, from 2010 to 2016.[22] Currently, US 93 through Kalispell is Main Street and Sunset Boulevard, a 25 to 45 mph (40 to 72 km/h) arterial. Three segments of the bypass comprising a total of 4.5 miles (7.2 km) were completed and opened to traffic from 2010 to 2013. The remaining 3 miles (4.8 km) opened October 28, 2016.[23] The southwest 3.2-mile (5.1 km) segment of the bypass is currently only two lanes, and is slated for expansion to four lanes with two additional grade-separated interchanges when funding permits.

Major intersections edit

  US 60 in Wickenburg
  I-40 east-northeast of Kingman. I-40 and US 93 travel concurrently to Kingman. I-11/US 93 are proposed to travel concurrently to Phoenix.
  I-40 in Kingman. I-11/US 93 are proposed to travel concurrently to Las Vegas, Nevada.
  US 95 from Boulder City to Las Vegas. The highways travel concurrently to Las Vegas. I-11/US 95 are proposed to travel concurrently to Tonopah and Reno.
  I-215 in Henderson
  I-15 from Las Vegas to North Las Vegas. I-15/US 93 travels concurrently to northeast of North Las Vegas.
   US 6 / US 50 in Majors Place. The highways travel concurrently to Ely.
I-80 / US 93 Alt. in Wells
  US 30 east of Filer. The highways travel concurrently to Twin Falls.
  I-84 north of Twin Falls
  US 26 in Shoshone. The highways travel concurrently to Arco.
  US 20 in Carey. The highways travel concurrently to Arco.
  US 12 in Lolo. The highways travel concurrently to Missoula.
  I-90 in Missoula. The highways travel concurrently to Wye.
  US 2 in Kalispell
  Hwy 93 at the Canada–United States border north of Eureka


Special routes edit

Boulder City business edit



U.S. Route 93 Business

LocationBoulder City, Nevada

U.S. Route 93 Business (US 93 Bus.) is a business route of US 93 in Clark County, Nevada. The route provides access to Lake Mead and downtown Boulder City from Interstate 11 (I-11). The route was originally part of mainline US 93 before it was realigned around Boulder City along I-11.

Lages Junction–Wells alternate edit



U.S. Route 93 Alternate

LocationLages StationWells, Nevada

U.S. Route 93 Alternate (US 93 ALT) is an alternate route of US 93 in northeastern Nevada. The southern terminus is at Lages Station in northern White Pine County, where it separates from US 93. The route continues north to West Wendover where it joins Interstate 80 (I-80). US 93 ALT follows I-80 west to Wells, where it terminates at an interchange with US 93.

US 93 ALT provides a shortcut from central Nevada to Salt Lake City, Utah via eastbound I-80.

Twin Falls business edit

North on US 93 Bus (Blue Lakes Boulevard) in Twin Falls, April 2017



U.S. Highway 93 Business

LocationTwin Falls, Idaho
Length8.110 mi (13.052 km)

U.S. Route 93 Business (US 93 Bus.) is a 8.110-mile (13.052 km) business route of US 93 in Twin Falls County, Idaho. The route provides access to downtown Twin Falls. A majority of the route is concurrent with U.S. Route 30. The route was originally part of mainline US 93 before it was realigned around most of Twin Falls.[citation needed]

Kalispell alternate edit



U.S. Highway 93 Alternate

LocationKalispell, Montana

U.S. Route 93 Alternate in Montana is an alternate route of US 93 that bypasses the central business district of the city of Kalispell.

Shoshone–Challis alternate edit



U.S. Highway 93 Alternate

LocationShoshoneChallis, Idaho

Between 1926 and 1977 a road between Shoshone, Idaho, and Challis, Idaho, was also labeled US 93 Alternate. This stretch of road is now designated as part of US 93. The pre-1977 routing of 93 between those points is now designated as Idaho State Highway 75.

Cultural references edit

US 93 (Highway 93) features in the title track from Montana Cafe, a studio album by American country music artist Hank Williams Jr., released by Warner Bros. Records in July 1986.

US 93 is referenced in the song "Killer Road" by Iowa blues band The Unidynes from their 1996 album Once in a Blue Room.

Metal band Avenged Sevenfold included the stretch of US 93 between Kingman and Wickenburg, in Arizona, in the music video for their song, "Dear God". Many clips of the highway, and landmarks along the stretch of highway, are portrayed from the band's tour bus in the video.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Montana Road Log (PDF). Helena, Montana: Montana Department of Transportation. 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Milepoint Log: U.S. Route 93" (PDF). Idaho Transportation Department. January 12, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 21, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Google (February 14, 2015). "Overview of US 93 in Nevada" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 14, 2015.[dead link]
  4. ^ a b Arizona Department of Transportation. "2006 ADOT Highway Log" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 25, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e "U.S. 93 Reaching For The Border". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. January 9, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
  6. ^ "End of US highway 93". USEnds.com. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  7. ^ "Traversing the Mohave Desert on Arizona's U.S. 93". Archived from the original on October 13, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  8. ^ "Nevada Scenic Byways". Nevada Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 14, 2003. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  9. ^ "The Lincoln Highway". Archived from the original on January 16, 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  10. ^ Idaho Scenic Byways - Salmon River Archived September 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Devlin, Vince (October 15, 2013). "Missoula councilors seek tribal elders' help for 'wayfinding' signs". Ravalli Republic. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  12. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About the People's Way Highway Project — US 93: Evaro to Polson". Montana Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on October 7, 2006. Retrieved September 21, 2007.
  13. ^ Devlin, Vince (October 3, 2010). "Cameras show wildlife use Highway 93 North overpass and tunnels". The Missoulian. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  14. ^ "US Ends - US 93".
  15. ^ Road Map (Map). Nevada Department of Highways. 1932. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  16. ^ Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1936 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. Retrieved July 21, 2009.[dead link]
  17. ^ Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1939 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
  18. ^ Illia, Tony; Cho, Aileen (December 7, 2009). "Buffeted by High Winds and Setbacks, a Bypass Is Making History Near Hoover Dam". Engineering News-Record. 263 (18). New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies: 18. ISSN 0891-9526. Archived from the original on December 6, 2009. (The crossing) opened in October 2010.
  19. ^ Illia 2009, p. 18. "After Sept. 11, 2001, more than 2000 trucks a day have been diverted 23 miles [37 km] away from the dam, costing consumers some $30 million annually in added fuel and delays, reports the Nevada Motor Transport Association, a Sparks, Nev.-based group."
  20. ^ "de beste bron van informatie over us93corridor". us93corridor.com. Archived from the original on March 22, 2004. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  21. ^ "Phoenix-to-Vegas interstate included in federal transportation bill". Kingman Daily Miner. June 29, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  22. ^ "Kalispell Bypass". Montana Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  23. ^ "Ceremony set to make completion of Kalispell Bypass". kpax.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  24. ^ Rand McNally (2014). The Road Atlas (Walmart ed.). Chicago: Rand McNally. pp. 8, 31, 60, 64. ISBN 978-0-528-00771-2.

Further reading edit

  • Parfit, Michael; Chris Johns (Dec 1992). "The Hard Ride of Route 93". National Geographic. 182 (6). National Geographic Society: 42–69.

External links edit

KML is not from Wikidata

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