U.S. Route 7 in Vermont

U.S. Route 7 (US 7) is a north–south highway extending from southern Connecticut to the northernmost part of Vermont. In Vermont, the route extends for 176 miles (283 km) along the western side of the state as a mostly two-lane rural road, with the exception of an expressway section between Bennington and East Dorset. US 7 is known as the Ethan Allen Highway for its entire length through the state.[1] US 7 ends at an interchange with Interstate 89 (I-89) in the town of Highgate, just south of the Canadian border. I-89 continues to the border crossing.

U.S. Route 7 marker
U.S. Route 7
Ethan Allen Highway[1]
Map of Vermont with US 7 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by VTrans
Length176.328 mi[2] (283.772 km)
Existed1926[3]–present
Major junctions
South end US 7 at the Massachusetts state line in Pownal
Major intersections
North end I-89 near Highgate
Location
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountiesBennington, Rutland, Addison, Chittenden, Franklin
Highway system
VT 5A VT 7A

Route descriptionEdit

 
Original-style Vermont US 7 Shield
 
Original-style Vermont US 7 shield with embossed features
 
US 7 northbound at Historic VT 7A in Bennington
 
US 7 northbound at Exit 1 in Bennington
 
Split of US 7 northbound and VT 279 westbound in Bennington
 
US 7 northbound at Exit 2 to VT 7A in Bennington
 
US 7 northbound at Exit 3 in Sunderland
 
View north along "Super" US 7 in Sunderland
 
US 7 northbound at Exit 4 in Manchester

US 7 crosses the Massachusetts–Vermont state line at Pownal, from where the road heads north to Bennington as a rural two-lane highway. Just north of downtown Bennington, the highway transitions into a limited-access highway. For 3 miles (4.8 km), US 7 is a true expressway with divided carriageways and multiple lanes. The road subsequently narrows down to an undivided two-lane freeway; however, many stretches have passing lanes. This continues to a point just south of East Dorset, where US 7 reverts to a surface road.

Most of US 7 between East Dorset and the Canadian border is an undivided, uncontrolled road varying in width from two to four lanes. Two divided highway sections also exist: a 10-mile (16 km) section south of Rutland, and a 3-mile (4.8 km) stretch with numerous traffic signals between Shelburne and South Burlington known as Shelburne Road. There is overhead signage at the junction with I-189 in South Burlington that directs northbound trucks onto I-189. While US 7 heads directly into Burlington, I-189 bypasses the city to the south and east and leads directly to I-89, which runs close to US 7 north of Winooski.

Near downtown Burlington, US 7 intersects with US 2; the latter route joins US 7 for more than 9 miles (14 km) to Colchester. From here, US 7 and I-89 run through northern Vermont to Highgate, where US 7 ends at the northernmost exit on I-89.

HistoryEdit

US 7 was assigned in 1926.[3] Interstate 89 was originally envisioned to parallel US-7 from the Massachusetts border to the Canadian frontier.[disputed ] This plan was ultimately cancelled, and I-89 was shifted to its current alignment, turning southeast at Burlington toward Montpelier and White River Junction. Prior to the cancellation of the original I-89 routing, approximately 25 miles (40 km) of freeway (mostly "Super 2" with some four-lane sections) was built in the US-7 corridor between Bennington and Manchester, plus an additional seven miles (11 km) of four-lane highway between Wallingford and Rutland were completed.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocation[2]mi[2]kmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes
BenningtonPownal0.0000.000  US 7 south – WilliamstownContinuation into Massachusetts
1.8632.998  VT 346 west – Pownal, North PownalEastern terminus of VT 346
Community of Bennington10.95717.634  VT 9 (Main Street)
Town of Bennington12.14019.537  
 
VT 7A north (Northside Drive) to VT 67A / Kocher Drive – Welcome Center
Southern terminus of VT 7A
12.23619.692South end of freeway section
13.15321.168113  
 
VT 279 to VT 9 east – Brattleboro, Troy
Also serves Vermont Welcome Center; brief concurrency with VT 279 on outer ramps
14.39323.163214  VT 7A – ShaftsburyAccess via Bennington North State Highway (VT 9025)
Sunderland24.22438.985324  
 
VT 313 to VT 7A – Arlington, Sunderland, Shaftsbury
Eastern terminus of VT 313
Manchester Center34.50155.524434   
 
VT 11 / VT 30 to VT 7A – Manchester Center, Manchester
Also serves Dorset and Peru
Dorset38.89762.599North end of freeway section
  VT 7A south – Manchester CenterNorthern terminus of VT 7A
RutlandWallingford56.16590.389   VT 140 west / VT 140 east – Tinmouth, East Wallingford
57.05491.820  VT 7B north (Clarendon Road)Southern terminus of VT 7B
Clarendon58.58194.277  VT 7B southSouthern terminus of unsigned VT 7B concurrency
59.29795.429  VT 7B north – ClarendonNorthern terminus of unsigned VT 7B concurrency
61.16998.442   VT 103 south – Airport, LudlowNorthern terminus of VT 103
62.591100.730  VT 7B – North Clarendon
63.393102.021  VT 7B southNorthern terminus of VT 7B
Town of Rutland63.844102.747  US 4 west – Fair HavenSouthern terminus of US 4 concurrency
City of Rutland65.944106.127 
 
US 4 Bus. west – Downtown Rutland
Eastern terminus of BR US 4
66.081106.347  US 4 eastNorthern terminus of US 4 concurrency
Pittsford73.057117.574  VT 3 south – ProctorNorthern terminus of VT 3
Community of Brandon81.656131.413  VT 73 east (Park Street)Eastern terminus of VT 73 concurrency
82.072132.082  VT 73 west (Champlain Street)Western terminus of VT 73 concurrency
AddisonSalisbury91.315146.957  VT 53 south – Lake Dunmore, ForestdaleNorthern terminus of VT 53
Middlebury94.157151.531  
 
VT 116 north to VT 125 east – East Middlebury, Snow Bowl Ski Area, Bristol
Southern terminus of VT 116
94.431151.972   VT 125 east – East Middlebury, Airport, RiptonSouthern terminus of VT 125 concurrency
97.067156.214  VT 125 west – Cornwall, BridportWestern terminus of VT 125 concurrency
98.285158.174  
 
 
 
VT 30 south to VT 125 west / VT 23 – Cornwall, Hospital
Northern terminus of VT 30
New Haven106.034170.645  VT 17 east – New Haven, BristolWestern terminus of VT 17 concurrency
106.148170.829  VT 17 west – Waltham, Bridge to N.Y. StateEastern terminus of VT 17 concurrency
Ferrisburgh111.511179.460  VT 22A south – VergennesNorthern terminus of VT 22A
ChittendenCharlotte120.723194.285  VT F5 west – Charlotte, Ferry to N.Y. StateEastern terminus of VT F-5
South BurlingtonBurlington line130.350–
130.626
209.778–
210.222
  
 
I-189 east to I-89 – Montpelier, St. Albans
Current western terminus of I-189
Burlington131.627211.833 
 
US 7 Alt. north (Shelburne Street at South Willard Street)
Southern terminus of ALT US 7
132.550213.319  US 2 eastSouthern terminus of US 2 concurrency
133.490214.831 
 
US 7 Alt. south (Riverside Avenue at Hyde Street)
Northern terminus of ALT US 7
Winooski134.793216.928  
 
VT 15 east to I-89 south – Essex Junction
Western terminus of VT 15; Roundabout
Colchester135.804–
135.876
218.555–
218.671
  I-89 – Burlington, St. Albans, Champlain IslandsExit 16 on I-89
137.620221.478  VT 127 southNorthern terminus of VT 127
139.067223.807 
 
To VT 2A south – Essex Junction
Access via unsigned VT 127
139.261224.119  VT 2A south – Essex JunctionNorthern terminus of VT 2A
142.151228.770  
 
US 2 west to I-89 – Lake Champlain Islands, New York State
Northern terminus of US 2 concurrency
FranklinGeorgia151.526243.857  VT 104A east – FairfaxNorthern terminus of VT 104A
151.689–
152.011
244.120–
244.638
  I-89 – St. Albans, Montreal, BurlingtonExit 18 on I-89
City of St. Albans160.373258.095  VT 36 east (Fairfield Street)Southern terminus of VT 36 concurrency
160.401258.140  VT 36 west (Lake Street) – St. Albans BayNorthern terminus of VT 36 concurrency
160.952259.027  VT 38 (Lower Newton Street)Eastern terminus of VT 38
161.363259.689  VT 105 east – Sheldon Junction, Enosburg FallsWestern terminus of VT 105
Town of St. Albans162.514261.541  
 
VT 207 north to I-89 – Burlington, Highgate Center, Swanton, Montreal Que.
Southern terminus of VT 207
Village of Swanton168.951271.900  
 
VT 78 east to I-89 – Highgate Center, East Highgate
Southern terminus of VT 78 concurrency
169.033272.032  
 
VT 78 west to VT 36 – Alburg, New York State
Northern terminus of VT 78 concurrency
Highgate175.963–
176.328
283.185–
283.772
  I-89 – Montreal, Swanton, St. AlbansExit 22 on I-89
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Suffixed routesEdit

US 7 has two suffixed routes, both of which are old alignments of US 7.

  • VT 7A (27.820 miles or 44.772 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 7 between Bennington and Dorset.[2] The route is signed as "Historic VT 7A" to distinguish it, the original routing of US 7, from the modern US 7 limited-access highway.
  • VT 7B (6.786 miles or 10.921 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 7 through the towns of Wallingford and Clarendon.[2] VT 7B was the original alignment of US 7 prior to the construction of the current US 7 divided highway through the area.[citation needed] The route intersects US 7 five times (including the termini) and overlaps it for 0.716 miles (1.152 km) in Clarendon.[2]

US 7 AlternateEdit

 

 

U.S. Route 7 Alternate

LocationBurlington
Length2.107 mi[2] (3.391 km)
 
The original "Alternate US 7" assembly along the short route.

U.S. Route 7 Alternate (ALT US 7) is an alternate route of US 7 in Burlington. The southbound-only US 7 Alternate begins at the intersection of North Willard Street and Riverside Avenue (US 2 and US 7) and runs for a distance of 2.107 miles (3.391 km)[2] in the following manner: west on Riverside Avenue, south on North and South Winooski avenues, south on St. Paul Street, and south on Shelburne Road to its end at US 7 at the rotary-style intersection with South Willard Street (US 7), Locust Street and Ledge Road. Mainline US 7 travels over Hyde Street and North and South Willard streets until the aforementioned intersection.

As of July 2016, there are three "Alternate US 7" assemblies along the route. The original one is located on Saint Paul Street in Burlington, just south of the intersection with South Winooski Avenue and Howard Street, with the newer two on South Winooski Avenue, with one at the intersection with Pearl Street, and the other at Main Street.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b State of Vermont Board of Libraries (April 28, 2008). "Vermont Named State Highways and Bridges" (PDF). Department of Libraries, State of Vermont. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Traffic Research Unit (May 2013). "2012 (Route Log) AADTs for State Highways" (PDF). Policy, Planning and Intermodal Development Division, Vermont Agency of Transportation. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via Wikimedia Commons.

External linksEdit

KML is from Wikidata


  U.S. Route 7
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Massachusetts
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