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U.S. Route 5 (US 5) is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System that runs from New Haven, Connecticut to the Canada–United States border at Derby Line, Vermont. In Vermont, the road runs south–north from the Massachusetts state line near Guilford to the international border. The 192.316 miles (309.503 km) that lie in Vermont are maintained by the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) and run largely parallel to Interstate 91. US 5 also follows the path of the Connecticut River from the Massachusetts border to St. Johnsbury, where the river turns northeast while US 5 continues north. The highway serves the major towns of Brattleboro, Hartford, and St. Johnsbury, along with the city of Newport near the Canadian border.

U.S. Route 5 marker

U.S. Route 5
Calvin Coolidge Memorial Highway[1]
Map of Vermont with US 5 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by VTrans
Length192.317 mi[2] (309.503 km)
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
South end US 5 at the Massachusetts state line
 
North end Route 143 at the Canada–United States border
Location
CountiesWindham, Windsor, Orange, Caledonia, Orleans
Highway system

State highways in Vermont

US 4VT 5A

Before the development of the Numbered Highway System, US 5 was designated Route 2 and was part of the New England road marking system that existed from 1922 to 1927. When the Highway System was formed in November 1926, the former Route 2 was commissioned as US 5. At this point, the road was not paved. It was not paved until the state of Vermont started overseeing the maintenance of the highway in 1931. The road was completely paved by 1933.

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

US 5 winds through the far eastern part of Vermont, passing through many small towns and villages. The road runs through a fairly rural, wooded area throughout much of its path in Vermont.

Southern VermontEdit

US 5 enters the southern end of Vermont in Windham County at the Massachusetts–Vermont state line just north of Bernardston and just south of Guilford, Vermont.[3] The route is known as the Calvin Coolidge Memorial Highway from the Massachusetts border to the junction of Vermont Route 103 in Rockingham.[1] The road winds through wooded land along the west side of Interstate 91 for its first 8 miles in Vermont. In Brattleboro, Vermont's fourth largest town, US 5 crosses under the interstate and winds through Brattleboro's business district.[4] US 5 also starts a brief concurrency with Vermont Route 9 that continues for 2.3 miles.[5] North of Brattleboro, after VT 9 turns east, US 5 crosses back over the interstate to the west side.[4]

US 5 continues north from Brattleboro, passing near the small towns of Dummerston and Putney.[6][7] North of Putney, it crosses over I-91 to serve the towns of Westminster, Bellows Falls, and Rockingham.[8][9] Near Rockingham, US 5 intersects Vermont Route 103, which picks up the Calvin Coolidge Memorial Highway.[10] US 5 continues north on the east side of the interstate, crossing into Windsor County, for 6.6 miles to Springfield, where it crosses to the west side for just under a mile.[11] Here, it picks up a 0.8 mile concurrency with Vermont Route 11 and US 5 crosses back to the east side of Interstate 91 with Route 11.

 
Sign at junction of US 4, US 5, and VT 14 in White River Junction

Route 5 continues along the east side of Interstate 91 for 20 miles after its concurrency with Route 11. Along this stretch, US 5 passes through Wilgus State Park in Ascutney and the town of Windsor.[12] In Ascutney, US 5 picks up Vermont Route 12 for a 10-mile long concurrency. Route 12 winds along with US 5 through Windsor and across the interstate to Hartland, where it turns northwest away from US 5. North of Hartland, US 5 crosses Interstate 89 in White River Junction and intersects I-91 again.[13][14] Now on the east side of I-91, US 5 winds around the northwest edge of White River Junction, where it hooks up with U.S. Route 4. Routes 4 and 5 run concurrent for half a mile, crossing the White River. US 5 continues north to the town of Wilder, where it forms the main road of the town.[14] North of Wilder, US 5 crosses Interstate 91 twice. Just north of Norwich, US 5 crosses into Orange County and the town of Thetford. US 5 continues north, following the Connecticut River closely for 23 miles until it reaches the town of Bradford, passing through the small towns of North Thetford and Ely.[15]

Northern VermontEdit

For around 11 miles north of Bradford, US 5 passes through rural country along the Connecticut River before reaching the village of Wells River.[16] Here, US 5 has a very brief concurrency with U.S. Route 302. Continuing north, US 5 crosses into Caledonia County, then travels 11 miles before crossing to the west side of Interstate 91, passing through East Ryegate and Barnet.[17] US 5 crosses back and forth across the interstate a couple of times north of Barnet before US 5 and I-91 split at the Passumpsic River, about 2 miles north of Barnet. US 5 winds along the west bank of the Passumpsic, traveling through the town of Passumpsic. US 5 and I-91 meet up again 2 miles north of Passumpsic in the town of St. Johnsbury.[18] It is here in St. Johnsbury that the Connecticut River turns east away from US 5.

 
US 5 during its concurrency with VT 105 in Newport

US 5 continues north along the Passumpsic River from St. Johnsbury for about 7.5 miles until it reaches the city of Lyndon.[19] In Lyndon, US 5 splits to the east away from Interstate 91. US 5 passes through West Burke, the Willoughby State Forest, and Barton before reaching the town of Orleans, 25 miles north of Lyndon.[20][21] Along this stretch, US 5 reaches Orleans County. In the town of Orleans, US 5 crosses to the west side of the interstate, concurrent with Vermont Route 58 for half a mile.[22] Route 5 continues north for 10 miles before reaching Newport.[23] Along this 10 mile stretch, the road passes through Coventry.[24] In Newport, US 5 picks up a 5-mile long concurrency with Vermont Route 105 that takes Route 5 across I-91 and into the village of Derby Center.[23][25] US 5 continues north, crossing I-91 for the last time 2.5 miles north of Derby Center. 6.5 miles north of Derby Center, in the village of Derby Line, US 5 reaches its northern terminus at the international border, across the border from Stanstead, Quebec.[26] US 5 continues past the Derby Line-Stanstead Border Crossing into Quebec as Quebec Route 143.

HistoryEdit

In 1922, before the United States Numbered Highway System's creation, US 5 traversed through Vermont as New England Route 2, the Connecticut River Way. 5 years later in 1927, at the creation of the highway system, Route 2 was almost completely overtaken by the new U.S. Route 5. At its original designation, US 5 mostly followed Route 2's path, except for a temporary routing into New Hampshire. From 1927 to 1929, US 5 crossed the Connecticut River at Bellows Falls, VT into North Walpole, NH and wound along the river to Charlestown, NH where it crossed back into Vermont.

US 5 was not maintained by the state of Vermont until the creation of the state highway system in 1931.[27] At this point, US 5 was not paved. The state of Vermont started paving the route in 1931 and it was completed by 1933.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocation[2]mi[2]kmDestinationsNotes
WindhamGuilford0.0000.000  US 5 south – Bernardston, SpringfieldContinuation into Massachusetts
Brattleboro7.709–
8.038
12.406–
12.936
  I-91 – Bernardston MA, Putney, White River JunctionInterchange, Exit 1 on I-91
9.10514.653  VT 142 south
  VT 119 east
9.28214.938   VT 9 west to I-91South end of VT 9 concurrency
9.44315.197  VT 30 north – Newfane, Townshend, Manchester
11.59118.654   VT 9 east / I-91 – Keene NH, Bellows Falls, MassachusettsRoundabout
North end of VT 9 concurrency
Exit 3 on I-91
Dummerston17.65028.405  I-91 – BrattleboroInterchange, Exit 4 on I-91
Putney18.43129.662Westminster Road
Westminster28.43145.755  VT 123 east – Walpole NHTo   NH 12
29.23747.052Westminster StreetTo Exit 5,   I-91 – Brattleboro, White River Junction
Rockingham31.83951.240  VT 121 west – Saxtons River, Grafton
32.67152.579Rockingham StreetTo   NH 12
35.47057.083   VT 103 north / I-91 – Rockingham, Springfield, White River Junction, BrattleboroExit 6 on I-91
WindsorSpringfield42.67568.679  VT 11 west – SpringfieldWest end of VT 11 concurrency
42.734–
43.101
68.774–
69.364
  I-91 – Brattleboro, White River JunctionInterchange, Exit 7 on I-91
43.47969.973  VT 11 east – Charlestown NH, Fort at No. 4East end of VT 11 concurrency
To   NH 12
49.01778.885  VT 143 west – Springfield
Weathersfield54.67387.988   VT 131 west to I-91 – Cavendish
  VT 12 south – Claremont NH
To I-91 Exit 8
South end of VT 12 concurrency
55.82389.838  VT 44A north – Brownsville
Windsor59.69196.063  VT 44 west – Brownsville
Hartland63.738102.576  I-91 – White River Junction, Ascutney, SpringfieldInterchange, Exit 9 on I-91
64.777104.248  VT 12 north – WoodstockNorth end of VT 12 concurrency
Hartford  I-89No access between US 5 and I-89
73.654–
73.842
118.535–
118.837
   I-91 to I-89 – Barre, Concord NH, Brattleboro, St. JohnsburyInterchange, Exit 11 on I-91
74.382119.706  US 4 west – WoodstockWest end of US 4 concurrency
74.943120.609  US 4 east
  VT 14 north
East end of US 4 concurrency
Norwich79.413127.803  I-91 – Thetford, St. Johnsbury, Wilder, White River Junction
  VT 10A east – Hanover NH
Interchange with I-91, Exit 13 on I-91
85.130137.003  VT 132 west – South Strafford
OrangeThetford89.674144.316  VT 113 east – Lyme NHSouth end of VT 113 concurrency
89.729144.405   VT 113 west to I-91 – West Fairlee, ChelseaNorth end of VT 113 concurrency
Fairlee94.662152.344  VT 244 west – Lake Fairlee, Post Mills
97.599157.070  VT 25A east – Orford NH
Bradford103.065165.867   VT 25 to I-91 – Wells River, Piermont NH
104.035167.428  VT 25B west
Town of Newbury116.874188.090  US 302 east – Woodsville NHSouth end of US 302 concurrency
117.003188.298   US 302 west to I-91 – South Ryegate, Groton, BarreNorth end of US 302 concurrency
CaledoniaBarnet127.227204.752North Monroe RoadTo   NH 135
St. Johnsbury136.437–
136.657
219.574–
219.928
   I-91 to I-93 – Barnet, White River Junction, Lyndonville, Newport (city)Interchange, Exit 20 on I-91
137.449221.203  US 2 westSouth end of US 2 concurrency
137.563221.386  US 2 eastNorth end of US 2 concurrency
Lyndon144.865–
144.973
233.138–
233.311
  I-91 – St. Johnsbury, Newport (city)Interchange, Exit 23 on I-91
147.193236.884  VT 114 north – East Burke, Burke Mountain Ski Area, Island Pond
   VT 122 north to I-91 – Wheelock, Sheffield, Airport
Burke154.491248.629  VT 5A north – Westmore, Willoughby Lake
OrleansBarton167.477269.528  VT 16 east – Crystal Lake, Willoughby LakeSouth end of VT 16 concurrency
167.767269.995  VT 16 southNorth end of VT 16 concurrency
172.548277.689  VT 58 east – OrleansEast end of VT 58 concurrency
172.588–
172.886
277.753–
278.233
  I-91 – Newport (city), Barton, St. JohnsburyInterchange, Exit 26 on I-91
Irasburg173.057278.508  VT 58 west – IrasburgWest end of VT 58 concurrency
Coventry177.710285.997  VT 14 south – Irasburg, HardwickSouth end of VT 14 concurrency
178.254286.872  VT 14 north – Troy, JayNorth end of VT 14 concurrency
Newport (city)183.385295.130  VT 105 westWest end of VT 105 concurrency
184.484296.898   VT 191 to I-91
Derby187.285–
187.502
301.406–
301.755
  I-91 – St. Johnsbury, CanadaInterchange, Exit 28 on I-91
188.389303.183   VT 105 east to VT 111 – West CharlestonEast end of VT 105 concurrency
192.317309.504  Route 143Continuation into Quebec, Canada
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Closed/former
  •       Concurrency terminus

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Named Highways and Bridges" (PDF). VTrans. April 28, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Traffic Research Unit (May 2013). "2012 (Route Log) AADTs for State Highways" (PDF). Policy, Planning and Intermodal Development Division, Vermont Agency of Transportation. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  3. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Guilford" (PDF). VTrans. 2003. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Vermont General Highway Map - Brattleboro" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  5. ^ Overview Map of U.S. Route 5 Distances Between Intersections (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  6. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Dummerston" (PDF). VTrans. 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  7. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Putney" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  8. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Westminster" (PDF). VTrans. 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  9. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Bellows Falls Village" (PDF). VTrans. 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  10. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Rockingham" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  11. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Springfield" (PDF). VTrans. 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  12. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Windsor" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  13. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Hartland" (PDF). VTrans. 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  14. ^ a b "Vermont General Highway Map - White River Junction" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  15. ^ Template:Cite web url=http://www.aot.state.vt.us/Planning/images/townmaps/BRADFORD MILEAGE 2010.pdf
  16. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Wells River" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  17. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Barnet" (PDF). VTrans. 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  18. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - St. Johnsbury" (PDF). VTrans. 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  19. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Lyndon" (PDF). VTrans. 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  20. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - West Burke" (PDF). VTrans. 2006. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  21. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Barton" (PDF). VTrans. 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  22. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Orleans" (PDF). VTrans. 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  23. ^ a b "Vermont General Highway Map - Newport City" (PDF). VTrans. 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  24. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Coventry" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  25. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Derby Center" (PDF). VTrans. 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  26. ^ "Vermont General Highway Map - Derby Line" (PDF). VTrans. 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  27. ^ "Outline History of Vermont State Highways" (PDF). Vermont Dept. of Highways. 1965. p. 3. Retrieved April 1, 2012.

External linksEdit

KML is from Wikidata


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